Dataset Information


The histone variant H2A.Z is an important regulator of enhancer activity.

ABSTRACT: Gene regulatory programs in different cell types are largely defined through cell-specific enhancers activity. The histone variant H2A.Z has been shown to play important roles in transcription mainly by controlling proximal promoters, but its effect on enhancer functions remains unclear. Here, we demonstrate by genome-wide approaches that H2A.Z is present at a subset of active enhancers bound by the estrogen receptor alpha (ER?). We also determine that H2A.Z does not influence the local nucleosome positioning around ER?-enhancers using ChIP-sequencing at nucleosomal resolution and unsupervised pattern discovery. We further highlight that H2A.Z-enriched enhancers are associated with chromatin accessibility, H3K122ac enrichment and hypomethylated DNA. Moreover, upon estrogen stimulation, the enhancers occupied by H2A.Z produce enhancer RNAs (eRNAs), and recruit RNA polymerase II as well as RAD21, a member of the cohesin complex involved in chromatin interactions between enhancers and promoters. Importantly, their recruitment and eRNAs production are abolished by H2A.Z depletion, thereby revealing a novel functional link between H2A.Z occupancy and enhancer activity. Taken together, our findings suggest that H2A.Z acts as an important player for enhancer functions by establishing and maintaining a chromatin environment required for RNA polymerase II recruitment, eRNAs transcription and enhancer-promoters interactions, all essential attributes of enhancer activity. The MNase ChIP-seqs in this study measure the genome-wide binding landscape of H2A.Z, H3K4me1, H3K27ac and H3K4me3 in MCF-7 cells in the absence or presence of E2. Two biological replicates were done for each ChIP-seq experiment and for each condition, as well as, control input.

SUBMITTER: Nicolas Gevry 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-57436 | BioStudies | 2015-08-31


REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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