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Purification and partial structural and kinetic characterization of tyrosine aminotransferase from epimastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi.


ABSTRACT: Tyrosine aminotransferase was purified to homogeneity from epimastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi by a method involving chromatography on DEAE-cellulose, gel filtration on Sephacryl S-200 and chromatography on Mono Q in an f.p.l.c. system. The purified enzyme showed a single band in SDS/PAGE, with an apparent molecular mass of 45 kDa. Since the apparent molecular mass of the native enzyme, determined by gel filtration, is 91 kDa, the native enzyme is a dimer of similar subunits. The amino-acid composition was determined, as well as the sequences of three internal peptides obtained by CNBr cleavage at Met residues. Both criteria suggest considerable similarity with the tyrosine aminotransferases from rat and from human liver. The enzyme contains nine 1/2 Cys residues, three free and the others forming three disulphide bridges. The enzyme is not N-glycosylated. The isoelectric point is 4.6-4.8. The optimal pH for the reaction of the enzyme with tyrosine as a substrate is 7.0. The apparent Km values for tyrosine, phenylalanine and tryptophan, with pyruvate as a co-substrate, were 6.8, 17.9 and 21.4 mM, respectively, whereas those for pyruvate, alpha-oxoglutarate and oxaloacetate, with tyrosine as a substrate, were 0.5, 38 and 16 mM respectively. The purified tyrosine aminotransferase acts as an alanine aminotransferase as well and the activity seems to reside in the same enzyme molecule. The results suggest that the enzyme is a general aromatic-amino-acid transaminase, with high sequence similarity to tyrosine aminotransferases from rat and human liver.

SUBMITTER: Montemartini M 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1134199 | BioStudies | 1993-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj2920901

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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