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Evidence that stimulation of plasma-membrane Ca2+ inflow is an early action of glucagon and dibutyryl cyclic AMP in rat hepatocytes.

ABSTRACT: The ability of glucagon (1 nM) and of dibutyryl cyclic AMP (50 microM) to increase cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in Fura-loaded rat hepatocytes was examined in a system wherein Ca2+ inflow was induced by the re-admission of excess Ca2+ to a nominally Ca(2+)-free medium. An increase in [Ca2+]i did not occur in the absence of either agonist, but did so after co-addition of either agonist with Ca2+. Increasing the time between addition of dibutyryl cyclic AMP (or of glucagon) and Ca2+ led to increases in [Ca2+]i; half-maximal and maximal increases were observed at 0 s (i.e. at co-addition) and 5-7 s respectively. Dibutyryl cyclic AMP and Ca2+ each exhibited a concentration-dependence when their respective concentrations were changed for a fixed time interval between additions. Half-maximal and maximal effects were obtained with 30 microM and 50 microM dibutyryl cyclic AMP and with 0.5 mM and approx. 1 mM Ca2+ respectively. The data demonstrate an early action of glucagon and dibutyryl cyclic AMP on [Ca2+]i. It is argued that the agonist-induced rise in [Ca2+]i results from an increase in plasma-membrane Ca2+ inflow, an effect that appears to occur much earlier than that on mobilization of internal stores of Ca2+.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1134262 | BioStudies | 1993-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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