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Apolipoprotein CI overexpression is not a relevant strategy to block cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) activity in CETP transgenic mice.

ABSTRACT: ApoCI (apolipoprotein CI) is a potent inhibitor of plasma CETP [CE (cholesteryl ester) transfer protein]. The relevance of apoCI overexpression as a method for CETP blockade in vivo was addressed in the present study in CETPTg/apoCITg mice (mice expressing both human CETP and apoCI). Despite a significant reduction in specific CETP activity in CETPTg/apoCITg mice compared with CETPTg mice [transgenic mouse to human CETP; 46.8+/-11.1 versus 101.8+/-25.7 pmol x h(-1).(mug of plasma CETP)(-1) respectively; P<0.05], apoCI overexpression increased both the CETP mass concentration (3-fold increase; P<0.05) and the hepatic CETP mRNA level (4-fold increase, P<0.005), leading to an increase in total plasma CE transfer activity (by 39%, P<0.05). The ratio of apoB-containing lipoprotein to HDL (high-density lipoprotein) CE was 10-fold higher in CETPTg/apoCITg mice than in apoCITg mice (P<0.0005). It is proposed that the increased CETP expression in CETPTg/apoCITg mice is a direct consequence of liver X receptor activation in response to the accumulation of cholesterol-rich apoB-containing lipoproteins. In support of the latter view, hepatic mRNA levels of other liver X receptor-responsive genes [ABCG5 (ATP-binding cassette transporter GS) and SREBP-1c (sterol-regulatory-binding protein-1c)] were higher in CETPTg/apoCITg mice compared with CETPTg mice. In conclusion, overexpression of apoCI, while producing a significant inhibitory effect on specific CETP activity, does not represent a suitable method for decreasing total CE transfer activity in CETPTg/apoCITg mice, owing to an hyperlipidaemia-mediated effect on CETP gene expression.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC1134687 | BioStudies | 2005-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/BJ20041149

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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