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Homocysteine enhances the inhibitory effect of extracellular adenosine on the synthesis of proteins in isolated rat hepatocytes.

ABSTRACT: Previous work has shown that extracellular adenosine inhibits the incorporation of radiolabelled leucine into proteins in isolated rat hepatocytes [Tinton, Lefebvre, Cousin and Buc Calderon (1993) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1176, 1-6]. In this study, we investigated whether its metabolism into adenine nucleotides, inosine or S-adenosylhomocysteine (AdoHcy) is required to induce such an impairment. Incubation of isolated hepatocytes in the presence of adenosine at 0.5 or 1 mM reduces the synthesis of proteins by about 45% after 120 min of incubation. Such an inhibition occurred without cell lysis and was not modified by adding the adenosine kinase inhibitor 5-iodotubercidin (15 microM) or the adenosine deaminase inhibitor coformycin (0.1 microM). It is therefore unlikely that the anabolic and catabolic pathways of adenosine are involved in the inhibition of protein synthesis. Adenosine (1 mM) increased the level of AdoHcy and S-adenosylmethionine by 20- and 5-fold respectively after 60 min of incubation and reduced the methylation index. These events as well as the inhibition of protein synthesis were strongly enhanced in the presence of L-homocysteine (2 mM). It is therefore concluded that the metabolism of adenosine into AdoHcy, which is known to be a potent inhibitor of cellular methylation reactions, may play an important role in the control of translation.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1135980 | BioStudies | 1995-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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