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Catabolism of hirudin and thrombin-hirudin complexes in the rat.

ABSTRACT: The metabolic fate of the anticoagulant protein, hirudin, and its complex with thrombin are presently unknown. Therefore we have labelled hirudin and human thrombin-hirudin complex with the residualizing label dilactitol-125I-tyramine (*I-DLT) in order to identify their tissue sites of catabolism in the rat. The rapid plasma clearance of hirudin after intravenous injection was unaffected by *I-DLT labelling, and by 2 h 6% or less of the injected dose remained in the blood. The majority (80.3 +/- 4.0%, n = 2) of *I-DLT-hirudin radioactivity recovered in tissues was found in kidney, and kidney was also at least 150 times more active in taking up hirudin, on a weight basis, than any other tissue examined (liver, spleen, skin, muscle, intestine, fat, lung). *I-DLT-hirudin which bound to thrombin was isolated by chromatography on concanavalin A-Sepharose; hirudin itself does not bind to concanavalin A. Radioactivity from thrombin-*I-DLT-hirudin was precipitable by anti-thrombin antibody and *I-DLT-thrombin-hirudin was precipitable by anti-hirudin antibody. By 1 h after injection of labelled thrombin-hirudin complexes, the recoveries of radioactivity from hirudin and thrombin in liver were comparable (38.6 +/- 3.0 and 36.4 +/- 4.1%, n = 3), whereas more radioactivity was recovered in kidney from hirudin than from thrombin (27.6 +/- 8.7 compared with 13.6 +/- 4.5%) and less was recovered in lung (0.4 +/- 0.2 compared with 17.7 +/- 2.9%). We conclude that hirudin is catabolized predominantly in kidney, whereas the thrombin-hirudin complex is catabolized by both liver and kidney.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1137762 | BioStudies | 1993-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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