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No strict coupling of vitamin K1 (2-methyl-3-phytyl-1,4-naphthoquinone)-dependent carboxylation and vitamin K1 epoxidation in detergent-solubilized microsomal fractions from rat liver.


ABSTRACT: NAD(P)H dehydrogenase ('DT-diaphorase', EC 1.6.99.2) and vitamin K epoxidase were removed by affinity chromatography from detergent-solubilized microsomal fractions. Thereby the microsomal fractions normally carrying out vitamin K1-dependent carboxylation of the microsomal precursor proteins of the prothrombin complex were inactivated. Purified NAD(P)H dehydrogenase added to this system restored carboxylation in the presence of vitamin K1 (2-methyl-3-phytyl-1,4-naphthoquinone) plus NADH. Vitamin K1 hydroquinone (2-methyl-3-phytyl-1,4-naphthoquinol) had no effect, in contrast with its effect in the intact system, where it can substitute for vitamin K1 plus NADH. The ability of NAD(P)H dehydrogenase to restore carboxylation in a system without vitamin K epoxidase activity shows that there is no obligatory coupling of the vitamin K1-dependent carboxylation with vitamin K1 epoxidation. These results suggest that the form of vitamin K1 that is active in the carboxylation reaction can be produced independently in two reactions: by NAD(P)H dehydrogenase in the reduction of the quinone and by vitamin K epoxidase in the epoxidation of the hydroquinone.

SUBMITTER: Wallin R 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1186549 | BioStudies | 1979-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj1780513a

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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