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The mechanism of the periodate-thiobarbituric acid reaction of sialic acids.


ABSTRACT: 1. The chromogen formation from N-acetylneuraminic acid in the periodate-thiobarbituric acid reaction was investigated. Measurement of periodate consumption showed an uptake of approx. 3moles/mole of substrate in neutral as well as in strongly acidic solution. Therefore the chromogen beta-formylpyruvic acid is not a direct product of the periodate oxidation; it is presumed to be formed from the true oxidation product, a hexos-5-uluronic acid, by aldol splitting during the reaction in hot acidic solution with thiobarbituric acid. 2. Methyl (methyl beta-l-threo-hexos-4-enepyranosid)uronate, an analogue of the pre-chromogen, has been shown to yield with thiobarbituric acid in acidic solution a pigment exhibiting an identical absorption spectrum and showing the same behaviour on paper chromatography as the pigment obtained from N-acetylneuraminic acid in the periodate-thiobarbituric acid assay. 3. The substitution at C-2 of methoxyneuraminic acid does not inhibit the periodate-thiobarbituric acid reaction. In neutral solution methoxyneuraminic acid is oxidized by periodate to a substance that reacts readily with thiobarbituric acid in acidic solution. When periodate oxidation is attempted in acidic solution, protonation of the amino group protects this group against oxidation, rendering methoxyneuraminic acid negative in the assay systems of Warren (1959a,b) and Aminoff (1959, 1961).

SUBMITTER: Paerels GB 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1207218 | BioStudies | 1965-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj0960787

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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