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Properties of a polyamine transporter regulated by antizyme.


ABSTRACT: The regulation of polyamine transport by antizyme, a protein that is involved in the rapid degradation of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), was studied in FM3A mouse cells overproducing ODC. Both artificial (Z1) and natural antizymes not only inhibited polyamine uptake but also stimulated polyamine excretion. The properties of the polyamine transporter regulated by antizyme were characterized. The uptake of radiolabelled polyamines was inhibited by excess acetylpolyamines and a protonophore, CCCP (carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone), whereas the excretion of radiolabelled polyamines was stimulated by unlabelled polyamines, acetylpolyamines and CCCP in the medium. Furthermore, it is shown that polyamines and acetylpolyamines are excreted from cells. On the basis of the results, it is discussed how antizyme regulates polyamine transport negatively.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1220960 | BioStudies | 2000-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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