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Involvement of extracellular Ca2+ influx and epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase transactivation in endothelin-1-induced arachidonic acid release.


ABSTRACT: 1. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) activates two types of Ca(2+)-permeable nonselective cation channels (designated NSCC-1 and NSCC-2) and a store-operated Ca(2+) channel (SOCC) in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). These channels can be distinguished by their sensitivity to Ca(2+)-channel blockers, SK&F 96365 and LOE 908. LOE 908 is sensitive to NSCC-1 and NSCC-2, and SK&F 96365 is sensitive to NSCC-2 and SOCC. Moreover, these channels play essential roles in ET-1-induced epidermal growth factor receptor protein tyrosine kinase (EGFR PTK) transactivation. The main purpose of the present study was to demonstrate the involvement of EGFR PTK transactivation in ET-1-induced arachidonic acid release in VSMCs. 2. Both SK&F 96365 and LOE 908 inhibited ET-1-induced arachidonic acid release with the IC(50) values correlated to those of ET-1-induced Ca(2+) influx. Moreover, combined treatment with these blockers abolished ET-1-induced arachidonic acid release. 3. AG1478, a specific inhibitor of EGFR PTK, inhibited ET-1-induced arachidonic acid release and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2). The IC(50) values of AG1478 for ET-1-induced arachidonic acid release and ERK1/2 correlated well with those for ET-1-induced EGFR PTK transactivation. 4. Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase inhibitor, PD 98059, inhibited ET-1-induced arachidonic acid release. The IC(50) values of PD 98059 for ET-1-induced arachidonic acid release were similar to those for ET-1-induced ERK1/2 activity. In contrast, PD 98059 failed to inhibit ET-1-induced EGFR PTK transactivation. 5. These results indicate that (1) extracellular Ca(2+) influx through NSCCs and SOCC plays important roles for ET-1-induced arachidonic acid release, (2) EGFR PTK transactivation/ERK1/2 pathways are involved in ET-1-induced arachidonic acid release.

SUBMITTER: Kawanabe Y 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1573980 | BioStudies | 2003-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1038/sj.bjp.0705386

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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