Dataset Information


Transcriptional and proteomic profiles of group B Streptococcus type V reveal potential adherence proteins associated with high-level invasion.

ABSTRACT: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is an opportunistic organism that can harmlessly colonize the human gut, vagina, and rectum but can also cause pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis in neonates born to colonized mothers. We have shown previously that growth rate and oxygen level regulate the ability of GBS to invade eukaryotic cells in vitro. Herein we extend and expand on these observations to show that GBS type V, an emergent serotype, grown in a chemostat at a cell mass-doubling time (t(d)) of 1.8 h with oxygen invaded human ME-180 cervical epithelial cells in large numbers compared with those grown at the same t(d) without oxygen or at a slower t(d) of 11.0 h. The fact that several GBS type V cell wall-associated and membrane proteins were expressed exclusively under the invasive growth condition prompted an investigation, using genomics and proteomics, of all upregulated genes and proteins. Several proteins with potential roles in adherence were identified, including an undefined surface antigen (SAG1350), a lipoprotein (SAG0971), penicillin-binding protein 2b (SAG0765), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (SAG0823), and an iron-binding protein (SAG1007). Mouse antisera to these five proteins inhibited binding of GBS type V to ME-180 cells by > or =85%. Recombinant undefined surface antigen (SAG1350), lipoprotein (SAG0971), and penicillin-binding protein 2b (SAG0765) each bound to ME-180 cells in a dose-dependent fashion, confirming their ability to act as ligands. Collectively, these data increase the number of potential GBS adherence factors and also suggest a role for these surface-associated proteins in initial pathogenic events.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC1828581 | BioStudies | 2007-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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