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Differential distribution of proteins regulating GABA synthesis and reuptake in axon boutons of subpopulations of cortical interneurons.


ABSTRACT: Subclasses of ?-aminobutyric acid (GABA) interneurons differentially influence cortical network activity. The contribution of differences in GABA synthesis and reuptake in axon boutons to cell type-specific functions is unknown. GABA is synthesized within boutons by glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 (GAD65) and GAD67, while GAT1 is responsible for GABA reuptake. Using an imaging methodology capable of determining the colocalization frequency of different immunocytochemical labels in the same bouton and the quantification of the fluorescence intensity of each label in these same structures, we assessed the bouton levels of GAD65, GAD67, and GAT1 in parvalbumin-expressing chandelier (PV(ch)) and basket (PV(b)) neurons and cannabinoid 1 receptor-expressing basket (CB1r(b)) neurons in the monkey prefrontal cortex. We show that PV(ch) boutons almost exclusively contained GAD67, relative to GAD65, whereas CB1r(b) boutons contained mostly GAD65. In contrast, both GAD65 and GAD67 were easily detected in PV(b) boutons. Furthermore, in comparison with PV(ch) boutons, CB1r(b) boutons expressed low to undetectable levels of GAT1. Our findings provide a new basis for the distinctive functional roles of these perisomatic-innervating interneurons in cortical circuits. In addition, they strongly suggest that altered levels of GAD67 or GAD65, as seen in some psychiatric diseases, would have cell type-specific consequences on the modulation of GABA neurotransmission.

SUBMITTER: Fish KN 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC3183419 | BioStudies | 2011-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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