Dataset Information


Petal abscission in rose is associated with the differential expression of two ethylene-responsive xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase genes, RbXTH1 and RbXTH2.

ABSTRACT: Abscission is a process that involves shedding of plant organs from the main plant body. In this study it is shown that the process of petal separation in the fragrant rose, Rosa bourboniana, is accompanied by the expression of two xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase genes, RbXTH1 and RbXTH2. The sequences of the two genes show 52% amino acid identity but are conserved at the catalytic site. The genes are up-regulated soon after the initiation of the abscission process and their transcription is associated with the progression of abscission, being faster in ethylene-treated flowers but slower during field abscission. Transcription is ethylene responsive, with the ethylene response being tissue-specific for RbXTH1 but largely tissue-independent for RbXTH2. Expression is correlated with an increase in xyloglucan endotransglucosylase (XET) action in petal abscission zones of both ethylene-treated and field abscising flowers. Proximal promoters of both the genes drive β-glucuronidase expression in an ethylene-responsive and abscission-related manner in agrobacteria-infiltrated rose petals, indicating that cis-elements governing ethylene-responsive and abscission-related expression probably lie within the first 700 nucleotides upstream of the translational initiation codon. The results show that cell wall remodelling of the xyloglucan moieties through the XET action of XTHs may be important for cell separation during abscission.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC3193013 | BioStudies | 2011-01-01


REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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