ObjectivesThis study investigates associations between healthcare personnel's perceived job strain, supervisor support and the outcome of care in terms of glycaemic control among patients with type 2 diabetes.
DesignA cross-sectional study from 2006.
Setting18 primary care health centres (HCs) from five municipalities in Finland.
ParticipantsAggregated survey data on perceived job strain and supervisor support from healthcare personnel (doctors, n=122, mean age 45.5 years, nurses, n=300, mean age 47.1 years) were combined with registered data (Electronic Medical Records) from 8975 patients (51% men, mean age 67 years) with type 2 diabetes.
Outcome measurePoor glycaemic control (glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) ?7%).
ResultsThe mean HbA1c level among patients with type 2 diabetes was 7.1 (SD 1.2, range 4.5-19.1), and 43% had poor glycaemic control (HbA1c ?7%). Multilevel logistic regression analyses, adjusted for patient's age and sex, and HC and HC service area-level characteristics, showed that patients' HbA1c-levels were less optimal in high-strain HCs than in low-strain HCs (OR 1.44, 95% CI 1.12 to 1.86). Supervisor support in HCs was not associated with the outcome of care.
ConclusionsThe level of job strain among healthcare personnel may play a role in achieving good glycaemic control among patients with type 2 diabetes.
SUBMITTER: Koponen A