Genetic variation in CD83 and risks of cervical and vulvar cancers: a population-based case-control study.
ABSTRACT: The CD83 glycoprotein is a marker of dendritic cell maturation that may contribute to the T cell response to oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in CD83 influence the risk of HPV-related genital cancers has not been adequately studied. We investigated whether the common genetic variation of the CD83 region was associated with the risks of cervical and vulvar cancers in a population-based case-control study conducted in the Seattle-Puget Sound Region.A total of 17 tagSNPs were genotyped in the CD83 region of 886 cervical cases, 517 vulvar cases and 1100 controls. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were computed to assess the risk of cervical and vulvar cancers. The interaction between the tagSNPs and cigarette smoking was also explored.TagSNPs in the CD83 chromosomal region were not associated with risk of either cervical or vulvar cancer. TagSNP rs853360 was associated with a decreased risk of cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) (OR=0.80; 95% CI: 0.66-0.98).Our results do not suggest that the common genetic variation of CD83 is related to cervical or vulvar cancers. The association between tagSNP rs853360 and risk of cervical SCC is likely to be due to chance. If larger or pooled studies confirm our results, CD83 has little or no influence in the risk of HPV-related cancers.
Project description:Cigarette smoking is an established cofactor to human papillomavirus (HPV) in the development of cervical and vulvar squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and may influence risk through an immunosuppressive pathway. Genetic variation in interleukin 2 (IL2), associated in some studies with the inhibition of HPV-targeted immunity, may modify the effect of smoking on the risk of HPV-related anogenital cancers. We conducted a population-based case-only study to measure the departure from a multiplicative joint effect of cigarette smoking and IL2 variation on cervical and vulvar SCC. Genotyping of the four IL2 tagSNPs (rs2069762, rs2069763, rs2069777, and rs2069778) was done in 399 cervical and 486 vulvar SCC cases who had been interviewed regarding their smoking history. Compared with cases carrying the rs2069762 TT genotype, we observed significant departures from multiplicativity for smoking and carriership of the TG or GG genotypes in vulvar SCC risk [interaction odds ratio (IOR), 1.67; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.16-2.41]. Carriership of one of three diplotypes, together with cigarette smoking, was associated with either a supramultiplicative (TGCT/GGCC; IOR, 2.09; 95% CI, 0.98-4.46) or submultiplicative (TTCC/TGTC; IOR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.16-0.85 or TGCT/TGCC; IOR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.15-0.87) joint effect in vulvar cancer risk. For cervical SCC, departure from multiplicativity was observed for smokers homozygous for the rs2069763 variant allele (TT versus GG or GT genotypes; IOR, 1.87; 95% CI, 1.00-3.48), and for carriership of the TTCC/TTCC diplotype (IOR, 2.08; 95% CI, 1.01-4.30). These results suggest that cervical and vulvar SCC risk among cigarette smokers is modified by genetic variation in IL2.
Project description:Given the important role of cell mediated immunity in viral clearance and control of premalignant lesions, we hypothesize that variation in the IL-12/IL-10 cytokine and cytokine receptor genes may influence cervical and vulvar cancer risk. We evaluated 76 tagSNPs from seven candidate genes (IL-10, IL-12A, IL-12B, IL-10RA, IL-10RB, IL-12RB1, and IL12RB2) in case-parent sets (n=43 cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), n=96 cervical adenocarcinoma, n=53 vulvar SCC), additional cases (n=356 cervical SCC, n=406 cervical adenocarcinoma, and n=473 vulvar SCC) and population based controls (1,111). We calculated log-additive odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between tagSNP and cancer risk using a pseudo-likelihood based method which combined genotype information on cases, parents, and population controls. After correction for multiple comparisons, we identified several statistically significant SNP associations. Cervical SCC risk was associated with the minor alleles of the IL10RA rs9610 3' UTR SNP (OR=1.76, 95% CI=1.15-2.68) and two synonymous IL12RB2 SNPs (rs4297265, OR=0.46, 95% CI=0.26-0.82; rs2229546, OR=0.43, 95% CI=0.21-0.87). Cervical adenocarcinoma risk was associated with the minor alleles of the IL10RA rs4252314 intronic SNP (OR=2.23, 95% CI=1.26-3.96) and IL12RB1 rs11575934 non-synonymous SNP (OR=1.51, 95% CI=1.12-2.05). Finally, the minor allele of the IL12B rs3181224 3' UTR SNP was associated with a reduced risk of vulvar SCC (OR=0.30, 95% CI=0.12-0.74). These results raise the possibility that a shift in the balance of the immune response due to genetic variants in key cytokine genes could influence the development of cervical and vulvar cancer.
Project description:Persistent infection with oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) is known to be the necessary cause of cervical cancer and a majority of vulvar cancers. Persistent HPV infections must evade host immune responses, including cytokines released by activated T-helper (Th) cells. In this study, we investigated the risk of cervical and vulvar cancers associated with common genetic variations in 560 tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in candidate cytokine genes.The study included 399 invasive squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) and 502 in situ or invasive adenocarcinomas (AC) of the cervix; 357 in situ or invasive vulvar SCC; and 1109 controls from the Seattle-area case-control studies of HPV-related cancers. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using a log additive model, with adjustment for multiple testing.Statistically significant risks were observed for HPV16-containing SCC of the cervix with the variant allele rs879576 in IL17RA and rs2229094 in TNF [OR, 95% CI and multiple-testing corrected p: 1.91 (1.30-2.79), p=0.018 and 0.61 (0.45-0.83), p=0.02, respectively]. We also observed significantly increased risk of HPV-positive vulvar cancers associated with variant alleles in CSF2 (rs25882 and rs27438, 26-28% increased risk) and IL-12B (rs2569254 and rs3181225, 40-41% increased risk) genes.We found that variation in several Th-cytokine genes is significantly associated with cervical and vulvar cancer risk. The strong association between these HPV-related cancers and common variation in cytokine genes in the Th1 and Th17 pathways may be important for development of new therapies.
Project description:There is strong scientific evidence that human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines, which protect against two oncogenic HPV types (16 and 18), can prevent cervical, vaginal, and vulvar cancers in women. In addition, recent research has established that the HPV vaccine can prevent anal cancer and has implied that it may also prevent oropharyngeal cancers.A 2009 web-based survey of 1500 physicians from four specialties (pediatricians, family practitioners, internists, and obstetrician-gynecologists) explored knowledge about which female cancers the HPV vaccine was effective in preventing. Physician characteristics associated with the belief that the HPV vaccine prevents cervical, vaginal, vulvar, anal, and other cancers were examined using logistic regression models.Nearly all respondents (97.8%) identified cervical cancer as being prevented by the HPV vaccine; however, lower awareness that the vaccine prevents vaginal (23.8%), vulvar (27.8%), and anal cancer (28.4%) was found. Physician specialty was the most