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Fucosylated TGF-? receptors transduces a signal for epithelial-mesenchymal transition in colorectal cancer cells.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Transforming growth factor-? (TGF-?) is a major inducer of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in different cell types. TGF-?-mediated EMT is thought to contribute to tumour cell spread and metastasis. Sialyl Lewis antigens synthesised by fucosyltransferase (FUT) 3 and FUT6 are highly expressed in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) and are utilised as tumour markers for cancer detection and evaluation of treatment efficacy. However, the role of FUT3 and FUT6 in augmenting the malignant potential of CRC induced by TGF-? is unclear. METHODS: Colorectal cancer cell lines were transfected with siRNAs for FUT3/6 and were examined by cell proliferation, invasion and migration assays. The expression and phosphorylation status of TGF-? downstream molecules were analysed by western blot. Fucosylation of TGF-? receptor (T?R) was examined by lectin blot analysis. RESULTS: Inhibition of FUT3/6 expression by siRNAs suppressed the fucosylation of type I T?R and phosphorylation of the downstream molecules, thereby inhibiting the invasion and migration of CRC cells by EMT. CONCLUSION: Fucosyltransferase 3/6 has an essential role in cancer cell adhesion to endothelial cells by upregulation of sialyl Lewis antigens and also by enhancement of cancer cell migration through TGF-?-mediated EMT.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC3887298 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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