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Intrinsic conformational plasticity of native EmrE provides a pathway for multidrug resistance.

ABSTRACT: EmrE is a multidrug resistance efflux pump with specificity to a wide range of antibiotics and antiseptics. To obtain atomic-scale insight into the attributes of the native state that encodes the broad specificity, we used a hybrid of solution and solid-state NMR methods in lipid bilayers and bicelles. Our results indicate that the native EmrE dimer oscillates between inward and outward facing structural conformations at an exchange rate (k(ex)) of ~300 s(-1) at 37 °C (millisecond motions), which is ~50-fold faster relative to the tetraphenylphosphonium (TPP(+)) substrate-bound form of the protein. These observables provide quantitative evidence that the rate-limiting step in the TPP(+) transport cycle is not the outward-inward conformational change in the absence of drug. In addition, using differential scanning calorimetry, we found that the width of the gel-to-liquid crystalline phase transition was 2 °C broader in the absence of the TPP(+) substrate versus its presence, which suggested that changes in transporter dynamics can impact the phase properties of the membrane. Interestingly, experiments with cross-linked EmrE showed that the millisecond inward-open to outward-open dynamics was not the culprit of the broadening. Instead, the calorimetry and NMR data supported the conclusion that faster time scale structural dynamics (nanosecond-microsecond) were the source and therefore impart the conformationally plastic character of native EmrE capable of binding structurally diverse substrates. These findings provide a clear example how differences in membrane protein transporter structural dynamics between drug-free and bound states can have a direct impact on the physical properties of the lipid bilayer in an allosteric fashion.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC4063181 | BioStudies | 2014-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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