LOC401317, a p53-regulated long non-coding RNA, inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis in the nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell line HNE2.
ABSTRACT: Recent studies have revealed that long non-coding RNAs participate in all steps of cancer initiation and progression by regulating protein-coding genes at the epigenetic, transcriptional, and post-transcriptional levels. Long non-coding RNAs are in turn regulated by other genes, forming a complex regulatory network. The regulation networks between the p53 tumor suppressor and these RNAs in nasopharyngeal carcinoma remains unclear. The aims of this study were to investigate the regulatory roles of the TP53 gene in regulating long non-coding RNA expression profiles and to study the function of a TP53-regulated long non-coding RNA (LOC401317) in the nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell line HNE2. Long non-coding RNA expression profiling indicated that 133 long non-coding RNAs were upregulated in the human NPC cell line HNE2 cells following TP53 overexpression, while 1057 were downregulated. Among these aberrantly expressed long non-coding RNAs, LOC401317 was the most significantly upregulated one. Further studies indicated that LOC401317 is directly regulated by p53 and that ectopic expression of LOC401317 inhibits HNE2 cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo by inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. LOC401317 inhibited cell cycle progression by increasing p21 expression and decreasing cyclin D1 and cyclin E1 expression and promoted apoptosis through the induction of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase and caspase-3 cleavage. Collectively, these results suggest that LOC401317 is directly regulated by p53 and exerts antitumor effects in HNE2 nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells.
Project description:Recent studies have revealed that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) participate in all steps of cancer initiation and progression by regulating protein coding genes at the epigenetic, transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels. LncRNAs are in turn regulated by other genes, forming a complex regulatory network. The regulation networks between the p53 tumor suppressor and lncRNAs in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the regulatory roles of the TP53 gene in regulating lncRNA and mRNA expression profiles in NPC cell line HNE2. p53 induced gene expression in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell line HNE2 was measured at 0, 12, 24 and 48 hours after transfected by pCMV-p53 plasmid.
Project description:Over 70% of head & neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients carry TP53 oncogenic mutations. Here we studied the role of specific tumor-derived mutant p53 proteins in the aberrant transcription of long non-coding (lnc) MIR205HG gene in head and neck cancer cells. Methods: To understand the role of lncMIR205HG, that we showed to be transcriptionally regulated by mutant p53 in HNSCC, we have employed siRNA and shRNA in CAL27 and FaDu HNSCC cell lines to suppress p53 gene expression in ChIP assays and RT-qPCR. We validated our findings in a cohort of 522 HNSCC patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas Data Portal (TCGA). We further evaluated our results in 63 HNSCC tumor samples collected at our institute, 32 of which were characterized by mutated TP53 (missense mutations) while 31 were characterized by wild-type TP53. Results: Maturation of pre-MIR205HG transcript produces two non-coding RNAs, lncMIR205HG and hsa-miR-205-5p. Down-regulation of lncMIR205HG expression significantly reduced cell proliferation, cell migration and clonogenic activity of head and neck cancer cells. Expression of MIR205HG was significantly increased in HNSCC with mutated TP53 when compared with matched non-tumoral tissues. Furthermore, MIR205HG expression levels were significantly higher in tumoral samples with mutant p53 than in tumoral tissues expressing wild-type p53. Mechanistically, MIR205HG depletes endogenous miR-590-3p leading to increased cyclin B, cdk1, and YAP protein expression. Conclusions: Taken together, these findings identify a transcriptional and post-transcriptional molecular network that includes mutant p53 protein, lncMIR205HG, YAP, and other proliferation-related genes, which are enriched in HNSCC patients with poor prognosis.
Project description:Recent studies have revealed that microRNAs (miRNAs) participate in all steps of cancer initiation and progression by regulating protein coding genes at the post-transcriptional level. MiRNAs are in turn regulated by other genes, forming a complex regulatory network. The regulation networks between the p53 tumor suppressor and miRNAs in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the regulatory roles of the TP53 gene in regulating miRNA expression profiles in NPC cell line HNE2. Overall design: p53 induced miRNAs expression in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell line HNE2 was measured at 0, 12, 24 and 48 hours after transfected by pCMV-p53 plasmid.
Project description:Mutations in the TP53 gene are one of the most frequent events in cancers. Certain missense mutant p53 proteins gain oncogenic functions (gain-of-functions) and drive tumorigenesis. Apart from the coding genes, a few non-coding microRNAs (miRNAs) are implicated in mediating mutant p53-driven cancer phenotypes. Here, we identified miRNAs in mutant p53R273H bearing non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cells while using small RNA deep sequencing. Differentially regulated miRNAs were validated in the TCGA lung adenocarcinoma patients with p53 mutations and, subsequently, we identified specific miRNA signatures that are associated with lymph node metastasis and poor survival of the patients. Pathway analyses with integrated miRNA-mRNA expressions further revealed potential regulatory molecular networks in mutant p53 cancer cells. A possible contribution of putative mutant p53-regulated miRNAs in epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is also predicted. Most importantly, we identified a novel miRNA from the unmapped sequencing reads through a systematic computational approach. The newly identified miRNA promotes proliferation, colony-forming ability, and migration of NSCLC cells. Overall, the present study provides an altered miRNA expression profile that might be useful in biomarker discovery for non-small cell lung cancers with TP53 mutations and discovers a hitherto unknown miRNA with oncogenic potential.
Project description:Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), circular RNAs (circRNAs), micro RNAs (miRNAs), and extracellular RNAs (exRNAs) are new groups of RNAs with regulation activities that have low or no protein-coding ability. Emerging evidence suggests that deregulated expression of these non-coding RNAs is associated with the induction and progression of diverse tumors throughout epigenetic, transcriptional, and post-transcriptional modifications. A consistent number of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) has been shown to be regulated by p53, the most important tumor suppressor of the cells frequently mutated in human cancer. It has been shown that some mutant p53 proteins are associated with the loss of tumor suppressor activity and the acquisition of new oncogenic functions named gain-of-function activities. In this review, we highlight recent lines of evidence suggesting that mutant p53 is involved in the expression of specific ncRNAs to gain oncogenic functions through the creation of a complex network of pathways that influence each other.
Project description:Heterozygous p53-R280T mutations frequently occur in many nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell lines and nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients. However, the role of this mutation in the progression of nasopharyngeal carcinoma remains unclear. In this study, we successfully generated the tp53 knockout nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cells by CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing and found that knockout of heterozygous tp53-R280T inhibited the proliferation of NPC cells significantly in vivo and in vitro. Mechanistic analyses indicated that heterozygous p53-R280T can activate the PI3K/Akt Signaling pathway in NPC cells. In conclusion, our findings provide a mechanistic insight into the role of heterozygous p53-R280T in NPC progression. Overall design: mRNA profiles of CNE2 (control) and KO CNE2 cells.
Project description:Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) were found to play roles in various cancers, including nasopharyngeal carcinoma. In this study, we focused on the biological function of the lncRNA FAM133B-2 in the radio-resistance of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. The RNA-seq and qRT-PCR analysis showed that FAM133B-2 is highly expressed in the radio-resistant nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. The following biochemical assays showed that FAM133B-2 represses the nasopharyngeal carcinoma radio-resistance and also affects the apoptosis and proliferation of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. Further investigations suggested that miR-34a-5p targets FAM133B-2 and also regulates the cyclin-dependent kinase 6 (CDK6). All these results suggested that the lncRNA FAM133B-2 might function as a competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) for miR-34a-5p in nasopharyngeal carcinoma radio-resistance, thus it may be regarded as a novel prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target in nasopharyngeal carcinoma diagnosis and treatment.
Project description:Recent studies demonstrated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) deregulated in many cancer tissues including nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and had critical roles in cancer progression and metastasis. In this study, we aimed to assess a lncRNA LINC01420 expression in NPC and explore its role in NPC pathogenesis. Our research revealed that the expression level of LINC01420 in NPC tissues were higher than nasopharyngeal epithelial (NPE) tissues. Moreover, NPC patients with high LINC01420 expression level showed poor overall survival. Knockdown LINC01420 inhibited NPC cell migration and invasion in vitro. In summary, LINC01420 may play a critical role in NPC progression and may serve as a potential prognostic biomarker in NPC patients.
Project description:The altered expression of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) is often related to carcinogenesis, metastasis and resistance to radiation or chemotherapy. In the current study, cDNA microarray analysis found that NEAT1 expression was reduced in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients and that it regulated NPC progression. However, the detailed mechanisms of NEAT1 in NPC were unclear. NEAT1 repressed NPC cell growth, invasion and radiation resistance in vitro and tumor metastasis in vivo. In addition, the results of an approach integrating bioinformatics, luciferase reporter assays and RNA immunoprecipitation indicated that NEAT1 antagonized miR-101-3p through a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) mechanism and that the interaction between NEAT1 and EMP2 was miR-101-3p dependent. Our results showed a novel connection of NEAT1, miR-101-3p and EMP2 in NPC migration and radiation resistance.