A ratiometric two-photon fluorescent probe for hydrazine and its applications.
ABSTRACT: A ratiometric two-photon fluorescent probe TNQ was developed based on quinoline platform to detect hydrazine (N2H4) with high selectivity. TNQ exhibited large two-photon absorption cross sections at 710 nm (250 GM) and excellent ratiometric two-photon fluorescent detection signal for hydrazine. TNQ was also successfully applied to selectively detect hydrazine vapor even at a concentration down to 0.05%. Cell cytotoxicity and bio-imaging studies revealed that probe TNQ was cell-permeable and could be used to detect hydrazine in living cells with low cytotoxicity under two-photon excitation.
Project description:A novel turn-on two-photon fluorescent probe NS-N 2 H 4 was developed with the 2-benzothiazoleacetonitrile as a new recognition site for the detection of hydrazine (N2H4). The two-photon probe exhibited favorable properties including high selectivity, low cytotoxicity and almost 16-fold fluorescence enhancement in the presence of N2H4 in solution. The probe could be used to image hydrazine in the living cells. Notably, we also used the two-photon fluorescent probe to image hydrazine in the tissue imaging for the first time. Furthermore, by the way of probe-loaded TLC plate, we further monitored vapor of hydrazine. Therefore, the novel two-photon probe is expected to be employed to detect N2H4 in biosamples and environmental pollution and the new recognition site will be widely applied to construct fluorescent probes for the detection of N2H4.
Project description:Hydrazine (N2H4) is one of the most widely used industrial chemicals that can be utilized as a precursor of pesticides, pharmaceutics, and rocket propellant. Due to its biological and environmental toxicity with potential health risks, various sensing tools have been developed. Among them, fluorescence-based molecular sensing systems have been highlighted due to its simple-operation, high selectivity and sensitivity, and biocompatibility. In our recent report, we disclosed a ratiometric type fluorescent probe, called HyP-1, for the detection of hydrazine, which is based on ortho-methoxy-methyl-ether (o-MOM) moiety assisted hydrazone-formation of the donor (D)-acceptor (A) type naphthaldehyde backbone. As our follow-up research, we disclose a turn-on type fluorescent probe, named HyP-2, as the next-generation hydrazine probe. The sensing rational of HyP-2 is based on the o-MOM assisted retro-aza-Henry type reaction. The dicyanovinyl moiety, commonly known as a molecular rotor, causes significant emission quenching of a fluorescent platform in aqueous media, and its cleavage with hydrazone-formation, which induces a significant fluorescence enhancement. The high selectivity and sensitivity of HyP-2 shows practical explicabilities, including real-time paper strip assay, vapor test, soil analysis, and real water assay. We believe its successful demonstrations suggest further applications into a wide variety of fields.
Project description:A mitochondria-targeted ratiometric two-photon fluorescent probe (Mito-MPVQ) for biological zinc ions detection was developed based on quinolone platform. Mito-MPVQ showed large red shifts (68 nm) and selective ratiometric signal upon Zn(2+) binding. The ratio of emission intensity (I488 nm/I420 nm) increases dramatically from 0.45 to 3.79 (ca. 8-fold). NMR titration and theoretical calculation confirmed the binding of Mito-MPVQ and Zn(2+). Mito-MPVQ also exhibited large two-photon absorption cross sections (150 GM) at nearly 720 nm and insensitivity to pH within the biologically relevant pH range. Cell imaging indicated that Mito-MPVQ could efficiently located in mitochondria and monitor mitochondrial Zn(2+) under two-photon excitation with low cytotoxicity.
Project description:A reaction-based two-photon (TP) ratiometric fluorescence probe Z2 has been developed and successfully applied to detect and image fluoride ion in living cells and tissues. The Z2 probe was designed designed to utilize an ICT mechanism between n-butylnaphthalimide as a fluorophore and tert-butyldiphenylsilane (TBDPS) as a response group. Upon addition of fluoride ion, the Si-O bond in the Z2 would be cleaved, and then a stronger electron-donating group was released. The fluorescent changes at 450 and 540 nm, respectively, made it possible to achieve ratiometric fluorescence detection. The results indicated that the Z2 could ratiometrically detect and image fluoride ion in living cells and tissues in a depth of 250 ?m by two-photon microscopy (TPM).
Project description:The title compound, poly[(?2-hydrazine)(?4-phosphato)iron(III)], [Fe(PO4)(N2H4)] n , was prepared under hydro-thermal conditions. Its asymmetric unit contains one Fe(III) atom located on an inversion centre, one P atom located on a twofold rotation axis, and two O, one N and two H atoms located on general positions. The Fe(III) atom is bound to four O atoms of symmetry-related PO4 tetra-hedra and to two N atoms of two symmetry-related hydrazine ligands, resulting in a slightly distorted FeO4N2 octa-hedron. The crystal structure consists of a three-dimensional hydrazine/iron phoshate framework whereby each PO4 tetra-hedron bridges four Fe(III) atoms and each hydrazine ligand bridges two Fe(III) atoms. The H atoms of the hydrazine ligands are also involved in moderate N-H?O hydrogen bonding with phosphate O atoms. The crystal structure is isotypic with the sulfates [Co(SO4)(N2H4)] and [Mn(SO4)(N2H4)].
Project description:Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is important in the regulation of a variety of biological processes and is involved in various diseases. Quantitative measurement of H2O2 levels at the subcellular level is important for understanding its positive and negative effects on biological processes. Herein, a two-photon ratiometric fluorescent probe (SHP-Cyto) with a boronate-based carbamate leaving group as the H2O2 reactive trigger and 6-(benzo[d]thiazol-2'-yl)-2-(N,N-dimethylamino) naphthalene (BTDAN) as the fluorophore was synthesized and examined for its ability to detect cytosolic H2O2 in?situ. This probe, based on the specific reaction between boronate and H2O2, displayed a fluorescent color change (455 to 528?nm) in response to H2O2 in the presence of diverse reactive oxygen species in a physiological medium. In addition, ratiometric two-photon microscopy (TPM) images with SHP-Cyto revealed that H2O2 levels gradually increased from brain to kidney, skin, heart, lung, and then liver tissues. SHP-Cyto was successfully applied to the imaging of endogenously produced cytosolic H2O2 levels in live cells and various rat organs by using TPM.
Project description:In this study, a highly specific ratiometric two-photon fluorescent probe GP-BAN was developed and well-characterized to monitor dipeptidyl peptidase IV in plasma and living systems. GP-BAN was designed on the basis of the catalytic properties and substrate preference of DPP-IV, and it could be readily hydrolyzed upon addition of DPP-IV under physiological conditions. Both reaction phenotyping and inhibition assays demonstrated that GP-BAN displayed good reactivity and high selectivity towards DPP-IV over other human serine hydrolases including FAP, DPP-VIII, and DPP-IX. The probe was successfully used to monitor the real activities of DPP-IV in complex biological systems including diluted plasma, while it could be used for high throughput screening of DPP-IV inhibitors by using human plasma or tissue preparations as enzyme sources. As a two-photon fluorescent probe, GP-BAN was also successfully used for two-photon imaging of endogenous DPP-IV in living cells and tissues, and showed high ratiometric imaging resolution and deep-tissue penetration ability. Taken together, a ratiometric two-photon fluorescent probe GP-BAN was developed and well-characterized for highly selective and sensitive detection of DPP-IV in complex biological systems, which could serve as a promising imaging tool to explore the biological functions and physiological roles of this key enzyme in living systems.
Project description:Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) plays a key role in the progression of human illnesses, such as autoimmune and auto-inflammatory diseases, infectious diseases, diabetes, and cancer, etc. In this work, we have discribed a novel probe, TPE-TLE, which remarkably displayed AIE property and ratiometric fluorescence emission profiles in the presence of H2O2. This ratiometric fluorescent probe with AIE property exhibits outstanding features such as the well-resolved emission peaks, high sensitivity, high selectivity, low cytotoxicity, and good cell-membrane permeability. These excellent attributes enable us to demonstrate the ratiometric imaging of endogenously produced H2O2 in macrophages and cancer cells based on the novel ratiometric probe with AIE property for the first time. By comparing two kinds of cells, it is firstly found that cancer cells should contain much more endogenous H2O2 than macrophages. We expect that TPE-TLE will be useful fluorescent platform for the development of a variety of ratiometric fluorescent probes with AIE property to achieve unique biological applications.
Project description:Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is an important diagnostic indicator of many human diseases. To quantitatively track ALP in biosystems, herein, for the first time, we report an efficient two-photon ratiometric fluorescent probe, termed probe 1 and based on classic naphthalene derivatives with a donor-?-acceptor (D-?-A) structure and deprotection of the phosphoric acid moiety by ALP. The presence of ALP causes the cleave of the phosphate group from naphthalene derivatives and the phosphate group changes the ability of the intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) and remarkably alters the probe's photophysical properties, thus an obvious ratiometric signal with an isoemissive point is observed. The fluorescence intensity ratio displayed a linear relationship against the concentration of ALP in the concentration range from 20 to 180 U/L with the limit of detection of 2.3 U/L. Additionally, the probe 1 is further used for fluorescence imaging of ALP in living cells under one-photon excitation (405 nm) or two-photon excitation (720 nm), which showed a high resolution imaging, thus demonstrating its practical application in biological systems.
Project description:Carboxylesterases (CEs) are widely distributed enzymes in the human body that catalyze hydrolysis of various endogenous and exogenous substrates. They are directly linked to hepatic drug metabolisms and steatosis, and their regulations are important issues in pharmacological and clinical applications. In this work, we have developed an emission ratiometric two-photon probe (SE1) for quantitatively detecting CE in situ. This probe is based on a translation of intramolecular charge transfer character upon reaction with CE. It shows a sensitive blue-to-yellow emission change in response to human CE activity, easy loading into cells, insensitivity to pH and other metabolites including ROS and RNS, high photostability, and low cytotoxicity. Using live hepatocytes and liver tissues, we found that ratiometric two-photon microscopic imaging with SE1 is an effective tool for monitoring CE activities at the subcellular level in live tissues. This probe will find useful applications in biomedical research, including studies of hepatic steatosis and drug developments.