Effect of RhoA gene silencing on proliferation and migration of gastric MGC-803 cells.
ABSTRACT: In this study, the expression of silencing RhoA gene in gastric MGC-803 Cells was investigated, in order to discuss the effect of RhoA gene on cell proliferation, cell cycles and tumor migration. SiRNA sequence of RhoA gene was designed and synthesized; MGC-803 cells were transfected by Lipofectamine(TM2000). The expression of RhoA gene in mRNA and protein after interference was detected by RT-PCR and Western blot; flow cytometry was used to detect the cell cycle; cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8 assay and cell migration was detected by scratch healing assay. RhoA expression in mRNA and protein of the experimental group was significantly lower than that of the control group and blank group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The growth rate significantly slowed down in experimental group; the cell cycle was arrested in the G0/G1 phase and the number of cells in S-phase reduced; there was a statistically significant difference (P < 0.05). Scratch healing assay showed that cell migration of the experimental group was significantly decreased, with a statistically significant difference (P < 0.05). Specific interference on RhoA gene expression could inhibit the proliferation and migration of MGC-803 cells; therefore, siRNA sequences of RhoA gene may be an effective target for the treatment of gastric cancer.
Project description:To investigate the effect of chloride intracellular channel 1 (CLIC1) on the cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of gastric cancer cells.CLIC1 expression was evaluated in human gastric cancer cell lines SGC-7901 and MGC-803 by real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Four segments of small interference RNA (siRNA) targeting CLIC1 mRNA and a no-sense control segment were designed by bioinformatics technology. CLIC1 siRNA was selected using Lipofectamine 2000 and transfected transiently into human gastric cancer SGC-7901 and MGC-803 cells. The transfected efficiency was observed under fluorescence microscope. After transfection, mRNA expression of CLIC1 was detected with RT-PCR and Western blotting was used to detect the protein expression. Proliferation was examined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium and apoptosis was detected with flow cytometry. Polycarbonate membrane transwell chamber and Matrigel were used for the detection of the changes of invasion and migration of the two cell lines.In gastric cancer cell lines SGC-7901 and MGC-803, CLIC1 was obviously expressed and CLIC1 siRNA could effectively suppress the expression of CLIC1 protein and mRNA. Proliferation of cells transfected with CLIC1 siRNA3 was enhanced notably, and the highest proliferation rate was 23.3% (P = 0.002) in SGC-7901 and 35.55% (P = 0.001) in MGC-803 cells at 48 h. The G2/M phase proportion increased, while G0/G1 and S phase proportions decreased. The apoptotic rate of the CLIC1 siRNA3 group obviously decreased in both SGC-7901 cells (62.24%, P = 0.000) and MGC-803 cells (52.67%, P = 0.004). Down-regulation of CLIC1 led to the inhibition of invasion and migration by 54.31% (P = 0.000) and 33.62% (P = 0.001) in SGC-7901 and 40.74% (P = 0.000) and 29.26% (P = 0.002) in MGC-803. However, there was no significant difference between the mock group cells and the negative control group cells.High CLIC1 expression can efficiently inhibit proliferation and enhance apoptosis, migration and invasion of gastric cancer cells in vitro. CLIC1 might be a promising target for the treatment of gastric cancer.
Project description:OBJECTIVE:To explore the biological function and mechanism of miR-96-5p in gastric cancer. METHODS:The expression of differently expressed microRNAs (DEMs) related to gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC) prognosis was identified in GAC tumor samples and adjacent normal samples by qRT-PCR. A target gene miR-96-5p was selected using TargetScan, miRTarBase, miRDB databases. The combination of miR-96-5p and ZDHHC5 was verified by luciferase receptor assay. To further study the function and mechanism of miR-96-5p, we treated MGC-803 cells with miR-96-5p inhibitor and si-ZDHHC5, then detected cell viability, apoptosis, migration and invasion ability, as well as the expression of ZDHHC5, Bcl-2, Bax, cleaved caspase-3, cleaved caspase-9, and COX-2 by Western blot. RESULTS:Compared with adjacent normal samples, the levels of miR-96-5p, miR-222-5p, and miR-652-5p were remarkably increased, while miR-125-5p, miR-145-3p, and miR-379-3p were significantly reduced in GAC tumor samples (P<0.01), which were consistent with bioinformatics analysis. Furthermore, ZDHHC5 was defined as a direct target gene of miR-96-5p. miR-96-5p silence significantly reduced cell viability, increased cell apoptosis, and suppressed cell migration and invasion, as well as inhibited the expression of Bcl-2 and COX-2 and promoted Bax, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-9 level in MGC-803 cells (P<0.01). Notably, ZDHHC5 silence reversed the inhibiting effects of miR-96-5p on MGC-803 cells growth and metastasis Conclusion: Our findings identified six microRNAs (miRNAs; miR-96-5p, miR-222-5p, miR-652-5p, miR-125-5p, miR-145-3p, and miR-379-3p) related to GAC prognosis, and suggested that down-regulated miR-96-5p might inhibit tumor cell growth and metastasis via increasing ZDHHC5 expression enhance MGC-803 cell apoptosis, as well as decrease MGC-803 cell metastasis.
Project description:A series of novel thiosemicarbazone derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their antiproliferative activity against several selected tumor cell lines of different origins using the MTT assay. The preliminary results indicated that the MGC-803 cell line was remarkably sensitive to all the synthesized compounds. Among this series, compound 5n showed the best inhibitory activity with an IC50 value of 0.93 ?M (about 10-fold more potent than 3-AP) against MGC-803. Further mechanism studies revealed that compound 5n could obviously inhibit the proliferation of MGC-803 cells by inducing apoptosis and arresting the cell cycle at the S phase. Compound 5n also showed marked inhibition of cell migration and invasion, without significant cytotoxicity against gastric epithelial immortalized GES-1 cells.
Project description:Gastric cancer (GC) is the fourth most common malignant tumor globally. The highest incidence of GC is found in Eastern Asia, particularly in China. It is therefore imperative to further elucidate the molecular pathogenesis of GC in order to identify new biomarkers and targets for effective therapy. In the present study, we determined whether miR-148a was aberrantly downregulated in gastric cancer tissues and significantly correlated with aggressive clinicopathological characteristics in the MGC-803, HGC-27 and GES-1 cell lines using reverse transcription-quantitative PCR and western blot analysis. The cell lines were obtained from 60 patients who presented at our hospital between September 2010 and July 2015. The results showed that, miR-148a was aberrantly downregulated in GC tissues and its expression was relatively lower in the MGC-803 and HGC-27 GC cell lines than in the normal gastric epithelial cell line, GES-1. The clinicopathological analysis revealed that a decrease of miR-148a was significantly correlated with lymph-node metastasis (P<0.01) and tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage (P<0.05). The transwell assay showed that the re-expression of miR-148a significantly reduced cell migratory and invasive abilities in vitro (P<0.01). The luciferase assay confirmed that, DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) was a direct and functional target of miR-148a. The miR-148a inhibitor increased the expression of DNMT1 in HGC-27 cells and the re-expression of miR-148a reduced the expression of DNMT1 in MGC-803 cells as confirmed by western blot analysis. Furthermore, we found that the re-expression of DNMT1 reversed the inhibition of cell migration and invasion induced by miR-148a. Taken together, we demonstrated that miR-148a suppresses cell invasion and migration in gastric cancer by regulating DNMT1 expression. The miR-148a/DNMT1 axis may therefore be a new potential target for GC therapy.
Project description:DNA-binding protein inhibitor ID-1 (ID1) serves an essential role in tumor progression, and the self-renewal and pluripotency of embryonic stem cells. However, the effect of ID1 on the stemness and cancer stem cell (CSC)-like properties of gastric adenocarcinoma cells remains to be elucidated. In the present study, effective ID1 knockdown was achieved in gastric cancer (GC) cells using small interfering RNA, and the self-renewal ability and cisplatin (DDP) sensitivity of GC cells was subsequently examined. ID1 knockdown in the MKN-28 and MGC-803 cell lines was demonstrated to significantly suppress colony formation (P=0.005 in MKN-28 and P=0.001 in MGC-803), tumor spheroid formation (P=0.021 in MKN-28 and P=0.037 in MGC-803), cell proliferation (P=0.028 in MKN-28 and P=0.001 in MGC-803) and migration (P=0.002 in MKN-28 and P=0.015 in MGC-803). To the best of our knowledge, the present study revealed for the first time that ID1 knockdown suppresses the expression of the key CSC-associated factors Nanog and octamer-binding protein 4 (Oct-4). It was further demonstrated that ID1 knockdown sensitized GC cells to DDP. In conclusion, knockdown of ID1 attenuates the stem cell like-properties of self-renewal in normal GC cells, potentially through the targeting of Nanog and Oct-4, and subsequently decreases cell proliferation and resistance to DDP. The results of the present study suggest that ID1 functions as an oncogene in GC and regulates the stem cell like-properties of gastric cancer cells by targeting Nanog and Oct-4.
Project description:To identify anticancer agents with high potency and low toxicity, a series of (Z)-styrylbenzene derivatives were synthesised and evaluated for anticancer activities using a panel of nine cancer cell lines and two noncancerous cell lines. Most derivatives exhibited significant anti-proliferative activities against five cancer cell lines, including MGC-803 and BEL-7402. (Z)-3-(p-Tolyl)-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)acrylonitrile (6h) showed a strong inhibitory effect on MGC-803 cells (IC50?<?0.01?µM) and exhibited stronger anti-proliferative activity than taxol (IC50?<?0.06?±?0.01?µM). The IC50 value of 6h in L-02 cells was 10,000-fold higher than in MGC-803 cells. Compound 6h inhibited proliferation of BEL-7402 cells by arresting at the G2/M phase through up-regulation of cyclin B1 expression, down-regulation of cyclin A and D1 expression, and induction of apoptosis. In addition, 6h inhibited the migration of BEL-7402 cells and the formation of cell colonies.
Project description:Background:MicroRNA (miRNA) array analysis has reported that the expression of miR-593-5p is associated with lymph node metastasis in gastric cancer (GC); however, the function and mechanism of miR-593-5p in GC have not been described yet. miR-593-5p has also not been elucidated widely in other cancers. Methods:miR-593-5p expression was detected by quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) in human GC tissues and cell lines. Cell proliferation was investigated using CCK-8 assays, cell cycle was detected by flow cytometric method, and cell migration and invasion abilities were evaluated by wound-healing and transwell assays. miR-593-5p-influenced gene expression profiles were detected by total gene expression chip method in MGC-803 cells, and miR-593-5p candidate target genes were predicted using bioinformatics methods. The candidate target gene and downstream of miR-593-5p were determined by qRT-PCR, Western blot, and dual-luciferase reporter assays. The effects of miR-593-5p on the growth and metastasis of GC were evaluated by tumor xenograft experiment in vivo. Results:miR-593-5p was frequently downregulated in GC patients and GC cell lines. miR-593-5p was significantly correlated with tumor size and distant metastasis in GC patients. miR-593-5p inhibited cell proliferation, migration, and invasion and also arrested cell cycle at the G0/G1 phase in SGC-7901 and MGC-803 cells in vitro. miR-593-5p also suppressed tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. miR-593-5p influenced gene expression profile in MGC-803 cells. MST4 was indirectly targeted by miR-593-5p. miR-593-5p also downregulated FAK, MMP12, and JUN protein expression. Conclusion:Our study suggests that miR-593-5p may function as a tumor suppressor in GC through a mechanism that regulates JUN pathway via indirectly targeting the MST4 gene.
Project description:The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-tumor activity of PEO on MGC-803 cells and its mechanism. Anti-tumor experiments in vitro showed PEO could significantly inhibit the proliferation and migration of MGC-803 cells, and it also could arrest the cell cycle in G2/M phase, decrease the mitochondrial membrane potential and induce apoptosis. Finally, the effects of PEO on genes expression on MGC-803 cells were analyzed by RNA sequencing, and results showed that after treatment with PEO, 100 genes were up-regulated, and 57 genes were down-regulated. According to KEGG pathway and GSEA, FAT4, STK3, LATS2, YAP1 and AJUBA were down-regulated, which are related to HIPPO signaling pathway. Real-time PCR and western blot further confirmed the results of RNA sequencing. These results indicated that PEO may exert anti-tumor activity via the HIPPO/YAP signaling pathway. Overall design: The RNA of MGC-803 cells treated and untreated were sequenced by high-throughput sequencing to detect the effect of drugs on the gene of MGC-803 cells. This research was funded by National Key R&D Program Project "Ecological Protection and Biological Resources Development and Utilization Technology and Demonstration in Northeast Forest Region" (sub-project) (No. 2016YFC0500305-02).
Project description:In this study, we investigated the role of SERPINH1 in gastric cancer (GC) progression. GC patient tissues show significantly higher SERPINH1 mRNA and protein levels than normal gastric mucosal tissues. GC patients with high SERPINH1 expression are associated with lymph node metastasis and poor prognosis. SERPINH1 mRNA levels negatively correlate with E-cadherin mRNA levels and positively correlate with levels of N-cadherin, MMP2, and MMP9 mRNA levels. This suggests SERPINH1 regulates epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT). SERPINH1 expression was significantly higher in the HGC-27, AGS, MGC-803, and SGC-7901 GC cell lines than in the GES-1 normal gastric mucosal cell line. In SERPINH1-silenced SGC-7901 cells, survival, colony formation, migration and invasion were all reduced, whereas they were all enhanced in SERPINH1-overexpressing MGC-803 cells. Levels of WNT/?-catenin signaling pathway proteins, including ?-catenin, Wnt2, GSK-3?, p-GSK-3?, NF-?B P65, Snail1, Slug and TWIST, were all reduced in SERPINH1-silenced SGC-7901 cells, and increased in the SERPINH1-overexpressing MGC-803 cells. Inhibition of SERPINH1 protein using Co1003 significantly decreased survival, invasion, and migration of GC cells. SERPINH1 thus appears to regulate EMT and GC progression via the Wnt/?-catenin pathway, making SERPINH1 a potential prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target in GC patients.
Project description:The relationship between miR-21 and miR-182 gene expression in peripheral blood and gastric cancer tissue was investigated, exploring the relationship between the levels of miR-21 and miR-182 and prognosis of gastric cancer patients, and determining the effects of these two genes on the growth and migration of gastric cancer cells. Fifty gastric cancer patients who were treated in the 254th Hospital of PLA, from July 2012 to July 2014 were selected. Peripheral blood samples were drawn from patients, and 50 healthy subjects were studied as controls. The levels of the miR-21 and miR-182 genes were detected by semi-quantitative PCR, and the correlation between miR-21 and miR-182 expression and clinicopathological features was explored. Moreover, the effects of miR-21 and miR-182 expression on the survival time and prognosis of patients were investigated. siRNA was used to downregulate miR-21 and miR-182 gene expression in MGC-803 gastric cancer cells, and MTT and Transwell assays were conducted. As a result, the relative expression levels of miR-21 and miR-182 in peripheral blood of gastric cancer patients were significantly higher than in healthy subjects (p<0.01) and the relative expression of miR-182 was closely related to the clinicopathological features of gastric cancer patients (p<0.05); high expression of miR-21 and miR-182 was associated with reduced survival time of patients (p<0.05); MGC-803 cells with low expression of miR-21 and miR-182 were analyzed, showing that miR-182 promoted cell proliferation and migration (p<0.01). In conclusion, the relative levels of miR-21 and miR-182 in peripheral blood of patients with gastric cancer are significantly increased; low expression of miR-182 can significantly reduce the proliferation and migration of gastric cancer cells. Moreover, miR-182 expression, which is closely related to the clinicopathological features of gastric cancer, can serve as a target for the clinical treatment of gastric cancer.