The long non-coding RNA lnc-ZNF180-2 is a prognostic biomarker in patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma.
ABSTRACT: Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is among the most common human malignancies. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) regulate various cellular functions and have been implicated in ccRCC pathogenesis. In order to decipher the molecular biology of this tumor and to identify potential prognostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets, we re-evaluated published lncRNA expression profiling data. An expression profile of 49 lncRNAs allowed discrimination of localized and advanced ccRCC. The expression profile of six lncRNAs transcripts (lnc-ACO1625, lnc-CYP4A22-2/3, lnc-PEAK1.1-1, lnc-PCYOX1L, lnc-VCAN-1, lnc-ZNF180-2) with potential prognostic interest were validated in a cohort of 50 normal renal, 57 localized ccRCC and 45 advanced ccRCC tissues. lnc-ZNF180-2 levels were similar in localized ccRCC and normal renal tissue, but we observed a significant increase of lnc-ZNF180-2 expression in advanced ccRCC tissue. Furthermore, lnc-ZNF180-2 expression levels were an independent predictor of progression-free survival, cancer-specific survival and overall survival in ccRCC patients. We also observed that lnc-CYP4A22-2/3 expression levels allowed discrimination of ccRCC and normal renal tissue. In conclusion, lncRNAs are involved in renal carcinogenesis, and quantification of lnc-ZNF180-2 may be useful for the prediction of ccRCC patients outcome following nephrectomy.
Project description:Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) play an important role in carcinogenesis; knowledge on lncRNA expression in renal cell carcinoma is rudimental. As a basis for biomarker development, we aimed to explore the lncRNA expression profile in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) tissue.Microarray experiments were performed to determine the expression of 32,183 lncRNA transcripts belonging to 17,512 lncRNAs in 15 corresponding normal and malignant renal tissues. Validation was performed using quantitative real-time PCR in 55 ccRCC and 52 normal renal specimens. Computational analysis was performed to determine lncRNA-microRNA (MiRTarget2) and lncRNA-protein (catRAPID omics) interactions. We identified 1,308 dysregulated transcripts (expression change >2-fold; upregulated: 568, downregulated: 740) in ccRCC tissue. Among these, aberrant expression was validated using PCR: lnc-BMP2-2 (mean expression change: 37-fold), lnc-CPN2-1 (13-fold), lnc-FZD1-2 (9-fold), lnc-ITPR2-3 (15-fold), lnc-SLC30A4-1 (15-fold), and lnc-SPAM1-6 (10-fold) were highly overexpressed in ccRCC, whereas lnc-ACACA-1 (135-fold), lnc-FOXG1-2 (19-fold), lnc-LCP2-2 (2-fold), lnc-RP3-368B9 (19-fold), and lnc-TTC34-3 (314-fold) were downregulated. There was no correlation between lncRNA expression with clinical-pathological parameters. Computational analyses revealed that these lncRNAs are involved in RNA-protein networks related to splicing, binding, transport, localization, and processing of RNA. Small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated knockdown of lnc-BMP2-2 and lnc-CPN2-1 did not influence cell proliferation.We identified many novel lncRNA transcripts dysregulated in ccRCC which may be useful for novel diagnostic biomarkers.
Project description:Background:Increasing evidence has indicated that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are crucial regulators affecting the progression of human cancers. Recently, lncRNA downregulated in liver cancer stem cells (lnc-DILC) was identified to function as a tumor suppressor inhibiting the tumorigenesis and metastasis in liver cancer and colorectal cancer. However, to date, little is known about the functional roles of lnc-DILC in modulating malignant phenotypes of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) cells. Methods:lnc-DILC expression in human ccRCC tissues was detected by qRT-PCR. Overexpression and knockdown experiments were carried out to determine the effects of lnc-DILC on ccRCC cell proliferation, migration and invasion. To reveal the underlying mechanisms of lnc-DILC functions in ccRCC cells. RNA immunoprecipitation, RNA pull-down, in vivo ubiquitination, co-immunoprecipitation and western blot assays were performed. Results:Here, we identified that lnc-DILC levels were dramatically downregulated in ccRCC tissues. Loss of lnc-DILC expression was correlated with larger tumor size, advanced tumor grade and lymph node metastasis, and also predicted worse prognosis in patients with ccRCC. Functionally, knockdown and overexpression experiments demonstrated that lnc-DILC inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion in ccRCC cells. Mechanistic investigation revealed that lnc-DILC bound to tumor suppressor PTEN and suppressed its degradation. lnc-DILC repressed the PTEN ubiquitination through blocking the interaction between PTEN and E3 ubiquitin ligase WWP2 and recruiting the deubiquitinase USP11 to PTEN. Moreover, we demonstrated that PTEN-AKT signaling was crucial for lnc-DILC-mediated suppressive effects. Conclusions:In summary, our research revealed a novel mechanism by which lnc-DILC regulates PTEN stability via WWP2 and USP11, and shed light on potential therapeutic strategies by the restoration of lnc-DILC expression in patients with ccRCC.
Project description:Prediction of recurrence is a challenge for the development of adjuvant treatments in clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). In these tumors, expression of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are deregulated and closely associated with prognosis. Thus, we aimed to predict ccRCC recurrence risk using lncRNA expression. We identified prognostic lncRNAs in a training set of 351 localized ccRCCs from The Cancer Genome Atlas and validated lncRNA-based recurrence classification in an independent cohort of 167 localized ccRCCs. We identified lncRNA MFI2-AS1 as best candidate in the training set. In the validation cohort, MFI2-AS1 expression was independently associated with shorter disease-free survival (Hazard Ratio (HR) for relapse 3.5, p?=?0.0001). Combined with Leibovich classification, MFI2-AS1 status improved prediction of recurrence (C-index 0.70) compared to MFI2-AS1 alone (0.67) and Leibovich classification alone (0.66). In patients with aggressive tumors (Leibovich ?5), MFI2-AS1 expression was associated with dramatically increased risk of relapse (HR 12.16, p?<?0.0001) compared to patients with undetectable MFI2-AS1 who had favorable outcomes. Compared to normal samples, MFI2-AS1 was upregulated in tumor tissue, and higher expression was associated with metastatic dissemination. Overall, MFI2-AS1 status improves patient stratification in localized ccRCC, which supports further integration of lncRNAs in molecular cancer classifications.
Project description:BACKGROUND: The deregulated tumorigenic long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) has been reported in several malignancies. However, there is still no comprehensive study on tongue squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). METHODS: Functional reannotation for the human lncRNA was carried out by ncFANs. Real-time quantitative PCR was used to validate the identified lncRNAs. RESULTS: Using the functional annotation algorithm from ncFANs, 8 differentially expressed lncRNAs were identified. Lnc-PPP2R4-5, lnc-SPRR2D-1, lnc-MAN1A2-1, lnc-FAM46A-1, lnc-MBL2-4:1, and lnc-MBL2-4:3 were upregulated in the microdissected tongue SCC tissues. In comparison, lnc-AL355149.1-1 and lnc-STXBP5-1 showed significant downregulation. High level of lnc-MBL2-4:3 was significantly associated with the node positive tongue SCC patients. Further, patients with advanced T-stage demonstrated a further reduction of lnc-AL355149.1-1 in the tumor tissues. Treatment of tongue SCC cells with 5-fluorouracil and paclitaxel can reserve the expression patterns observed in the tongue SCC tissues. Further, changes of lnc-MBL2-4:3 and lnc-AL355149.1-1 expression levels were noticed in the cisplatin-resistant tongue SCC cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrated that functional reannotation allows us to identify novel lncRNAs using the existing gene expression array dataset. The association of lncRNA with the T-stage and nodal status of tongue SCC patients suggested that lncRNA deregulation was involved in the pathogenesis of tongue SCC.
Project description:Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is a common human malignancy. Despite numerous efforts, there is still no reliable biomarker or combination of biomarkers available for daily practice. Our study was designed to explore the expression profile of messenger RNA (mRNA) and long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) transcripts in ccRCC in order to identify potential diagnostic biomarkers for patients with ccRCC. Total RNA from corresponding normal and malignant tissue of 15 patients with ccRCC was isolated. Expression profiling was performed using a custom Agilent gene expression microarray which allowed the analysis of 34,144 mRNA and 32,183 lncRNA transcripts. We observed that a subset of mRNA (n = 1064; 3.1%) and lncRNA (n = 1308; 4.1%) transcripts are dysregulated (fold change > 2) in ccRCC tissue. The relative higher number of differentially expressed lncRNAs indicates that lncRNA profiling may be better suited for diagnostic purposes; a number of so far unknown RNAs with potential diagnostic interest in ccRCC are identified by our gene expression profiling study. The data are deposited in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GSE61763).
Project description:Recent evidences showed that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are frequently dysregulated and play important roles in various cancers. Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is one of the leading cause of cancer-related death, largely due to the metastasis of ccRCC. However, the clinical significances and roles of lncRNAs in metastatic ccRCC are still unknown.lncRNA expression microarray analysis was performed to search the dysregulated lncRNA in metastatic ccRCC. quantitative real-time PCR was performed to measure the expression of lncRNAs in human ccRCC samples. Gain-of-function and loss-of-function experiments were performed to investigate the biological roles of lncRNAs on ccRCC cell proliferation, migration, invasion and in vivo metastasis. RNA pull-down, RNA immunoprecipitation, chromatin immunoprecipitation, and western blot were performed to explore the molecular mechanisms underlying the functions of lncRNAs.The microarray analysis identified a novel lncRNA termed metastatic renal cell carcinoma-associated transcript 1 (MRCCAT1), which is highly expressed in metastatic ccRCC tissues and associated with the metastatic properties of ccRCC. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that MRCCAT1 is an independent prognostic factor for ccRCC patients. Overexpression of MRCCAT1 promotes ccRCC cells proliferation, migration, and invasion. Depletion of MRCCAT1 inhibites ccRCC cells proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro, and ccRCC metastasis in vivo. Mechanistically, MRCCAT1 represses NPR3 transcription by recruiting PRC2 to NPR3 promoter, and subsequently activates p38-MAPK signaling pathway.MRCCAT1 is a critical lncRNA that promotes ccRCC metastasis via inhibiting NPR3 and activating p38-MAPK signaling. Our results imply that MRCCAT1 could serve as a prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for ccRCC.
Project description:Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been considered as biomarkers for the carcinogenesis and development of various cancers. However, the prognostic significance of lncRNAs in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) remains unclear. This study aimed to determine the predictive ability of lncRNAs in clear cell RCC (ccRCC). Among the cohort of kidney renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC) of the The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), 525 patients were enrolled in our study. Expression of lncRNAs based on RNAseq was obtained from TCGA. Kaplan-Meier prognostic analysis and a Cox proportional hazards regression model were used to assess related factors. The lncRNA signature was then validated in an independent cohort of an additional 60 ccRCC patients. Hierarchical clustering of the KIRC TCGA dataset identified 26 differentially expressed lncRNAs (11 down-regulated and 15 up-regulated) using average linkage clustering. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis identified 30 statistically significant lncRNAs that strongly predicted prognosis, with 4 ccRCC-specific lncRNAs (TCL6, PVT1, MIR155HG, and HAR1B) being differentially expressed and correlating significantly with OS. Patients assigned to the high-risk group were associated with poor OS compared with patients in the low-risk group (HR = 2.57; 95%CI, 1.89-3.50; p < 0.001). This finding was validated in the Tongji Hospital cohort, and the four-lncRNA signature was shown to be significantly predictive of ccRCC prognosis (p < 0.001). In this study, we constructed an applicable four-lncRNA-based classifier as a reliable prognostic and predictive tool for OS in patients with ccRCC.
Project description:One-third of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) patients present with metastasis at the time of diagnosis. The prognosis of these patients is poor. To identify potential prognostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets for ccRCC, we re-evaluated published long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) expression profiling data from the Gene Expression Omnibus and ArrayExpress database. We found that five lncRNAs were differentially expressed in ccRCC and adjacent tissues. These lncRNAs were assessed in an independent cohort of 71 paired patient samples using real-time PCR. Differences in expression of three of the lncRNAs (ENSG00000177133, TCL6, and ENSG00000244020) were validated in this analysis. Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that low expression of ENSG00000177133 and TCL6 was associated with a poor prognosis. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses demonstrated that TCL6 but not ENSG00000177133 expression was an independent predictor of ccRCC aggressiveness and had hazard ratios predictive of clinical outcome. TCL6 expression was negatively correlated with pTNM stage. Overexpression of TCL6 in 786-O and Caki-1 ccRCC cells decreased proliferation and increased apoptosis compared to controls. Our results indicate that lncRNA expression is altered in ccRCC and that decreased TCL6 expression may be an independent adverse prognostic factor in ccRCC patients.
Project description:Several long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported regulate the expression of neighbor protein-coding genes at post-transcriptional, transcriptional and epigenetic levels. Dmp1 (Dentin matrix protein 1), encoding a non-collagenous extracellular matrix protein, plays an important role in dentin and bone mineralization. However, the transcriptional regulation of lncRNA on Dmp1 has not been reported. In this study, we identified a novel lncRNA named lnc-DMP1, which is near the Dmp1 gene region and undergoes remarkable changes during mandible development. lnc-DMP1 is co-localized and significantly expressed correlation with Dmp1 in embryonic and postnatal mouse mandibles. In MC3T3-E1 cells, lnc-DMP1 positively regulates DMP1 expression and skeletal mineralization. Furthermore, lnc-DMP1 induces the promoter activity of Dmp1 by modulating H3K27Ac enrichment in the Dmp1 promoter. In conclusion, our results indicate that lnc-DMP1 is a novel lncRNA near the Dmp1 gene region and regulates Dmp1 expression by modulating the H3K27 acetylation level of Dmp1 promoter.
Project description:<label>Background</label>Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been identified as important factors in cancer biology and are deregulated in many cancers. The present study aimed to determine the expression and roles of lncRNA DHRS4-AS1 in the progression of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC).<label>Methods and results</label>Using high-throughput RNA-sequencing data of ccRCC tumors from the Cancer Genome Atlas project, we identified lncRNA DHRS4-AS1 as significantly associated with ccRCC patients' overall survival. We confirmed the downregulation of DHRS4-AS1 in ccRCC by assessing its expression levels in a cohort of 52 tumor and paired non-tumor samples. In addition, we found that low DHRS4-AS1 expression was significantly associated with a high tumor node metastasis stage, lymph node metastasis, advanced pathological grade and poor prognosis. Furthermore, DHRS4-AS1 overexpression inhibited the progression of cell cycles of ccRCC in vitro. These data indicate that DHRS4-AS1 functions by preventing the proliferation and invasion, inhibiting the cell cycle progression and promoting the apoptosis of ccRCC cells.<label>Conclusion</label>Taken together, our findings identify the role of DHRS4-AS1 as a tumor inhibitor in ccRCC for the first time, demonstrating that DHRS4-AS1 is a potential prognostic biomarker that could potentially be applied in ccRCC therapy.