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Epithelial morphological reversion drives Profilin-1-induced elevation of p27(kip1) in mesenchymal triple-negative human breast cancer cells through AMP-activated protein kinase activation.

ABSTRACT: Profilin-1 (Pfn1) is an important regulator of actin polymerization that is downregulated in human breast cancer. Previous studies have shown Pfn1 has a tumor-suppressive effect on mesenchymal-like triple-negative breast cancer cells, and Pfn1-induced growth suppression is partly mediated by upregulation of cell-cycle inhibitor p27(kip1) (p27). In this study, we demonstrate that Pfn1 overexpression leads to accumulation of p27 through promoting AMPK activation and AMPK-dependent phosphorylation of p27 on T198 residue, a post-translational modification that leads to increased protein stabilization of p27. This pathway is mediated by Pfn1-induced epithelial morphological reversion of mesenchymal breast cancer through cadherin-mediated restoration of adherens junctions. These findings not only elucidate a potential mechanism of how Pfn1 may inhibit proliferation of mesenchymal breast cancer cells, but also highlight a novel pathway of cadherin-mediated p27 induction and therefore cell-cycle control in cells.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC4825560 | BioStudies | 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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