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Helicobacter pylori-induced Sonic Hedgehog expression is regulated by NF?B pathway activation: the use of a novel in vitro model to study epithelial response to infection.

ABSTRACT: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection leads to acute induction of Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) in the stomach that is associated with the initiation of gastritis. The mechanism by which H. pylori induces Shh is unknown. Shh is a target gene of transcription factor Nuclear Factor-?B (NF?B). We hypothesize that NF?B mediates H. pylori-induced Shh.To visualize Shh ligand expression in response to H. pylori infection in vivo, we used a mouse model that expresses Shh fused to green fluorescent protein (Shh::GFP mice) in place of wild-type Shh. In vitro, changes in Shh expression were measured in response to H. pylori infection using 3-dimensional epithelial cell cultures grown from whole dissociated gastric glands (organoids). Organoids were generated from stomachs collected from the fundic region of control and mice expressing a parietal cell-specific deletion of Shh (PC-Shh(KO) mice).Within 2 days of infection, H. pylori induced Shh expression within parietal cells of Shh::GFP mice. Organoids expressed all major gastric cell markers, including parietal cell marker H(+) ,K(+) -ATPase and Shh. H. pylori infection of gastric organoids induced Shh expression; a response that was blocked by inhibiting NF?B signaling and correlated with I?B degradation. H. pylori infection of PC-Shh(KO) mouse-derived organoids did not result in the induction of Shh expression.Gastric organoids allow for the study of the interaction between H. pylori and the differentiated gastric epithelium independent of the host immune response. H. pylori induces Shh expression from the parietal cells, a response mediated via activation of NF?B signaling.

SUBMITTER: Schumacher MA 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4871133 | BioStudies | 2015-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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