Arthroscopic Anatomic Coracoclavicular Ligament Repair Using a 6-Strand Polyester Suture Tape and Cortical Button Construct.
ABSTRACT: Acromioclavicular separations are common injuries. Low-grade separations are typically managed with nonoperative treatment. However, surgical treatment is recommended for high-grade separations, as well as for chronic low-grade separations that remain symptomatic. Multiple fixation techniques have been described over the past several decades, including Kirschner wires, hook plates, and coracoclavicular screws. More recently, a single-tunnel suture-graft repair and an anatomic reconstruction reproducing both the conoid and trapezoid ligaments have been described. All described techniques have reported complications, including implant migration, need for implant removal, clavicle or coracoid fracture, and loss of reduction. As a result, there is no single optimal method of operative fixation. We describe our technique for an arthroscopically assisted anatomic coracoclavicular repair using a 6-strand suture tape and cortical button construct.
Project description:Acromioclavicular joint injuries are one of the most common shoulder injuries, and there are a variety of treatment options. Recently, there have been newer arthroscopic techniques that have addressed coracoid and clavicle fracture risk by using a knotted suture-button fixation through a single, small bone tunnel with additional looped soft-tissue graft stabilization. Although clinical outcomes have been good to excellent, there have still been instances of knot and hardware irritation. The described technique builds on the latest advances and achieves an anatomic coracoclavicular (CC) reconstruction through a single knotless CC fixation device with additional soft-tissue allograft reconstruction of the CC ligaments. This technique minimizes the risks of coracoid and clavicle fractures and knot and hardware irritation while maintaining excellent stability.
Project description:Acromioclavicular joint separations are common shoulder injuries, yet standard treatment practices vary. Popular surgical techniques include reconstruction using allografts or neighboring ligaments as well as repair using screws and sutures. This Technical Note and accompanying video describe both an acromioclavicular and coracoclavicular joint reconstruction using an allograft to replace native acromioclavicular ligament along with an AC joint reduction using a Suture Cerclage System to precisely control reduction and restore anatomic alignment.
Project description:Treatment of severe acromioclavicular joint injuries remains controversial and has evolved over the past 4-plus decades. Although several variations on reconstruction exist, an ideal technique will likely use a combination of coracoclavicular ligament reconstruction with suture backup stabilization, minimal drill holes to reduce the risk of fracture, arthroscopic-assisted guidance for anatomic graft and suture placement in and around the coracoid, and fluoroscopic-aided reduction to ensure an anatomic acromioclavicular joint. The objective of this Technical Note is to describe an arthroscopic-assisted coracoclavicular ligament reconstruction with allograft using fluoroscopically guided and cerclage-controlled anatomic reduction of the acromioclavicular joint.
Project description:We present our novel arthroscopic anatomic double-bundle coracoclavicular ligament reconstruction technique using a semitendinosus tendon autograft. The dorsal limb of the graft is positioned around the dorsal edge of the clavicle, re-creating the conoid ligament. The anterior limb proceeds superiorly and re-creates the trapezoid ligament. The solution effectively stabilizes the acromioclavicular joint and prevents anterior posterior translation. This new arthroscopic double-bundle coracoclavicular joint reconstruction is an effective and reliable method in stabilizing the clavicle and neutralizing the anterior-posterior translation, and we find it to be technically practical for the surgeon.
Project description:Acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocation is a common injury, particularly among active young individuals. Numerous surgical procedures for treating acute, high-grade AC joint dislocation have been reported. However, no standard surgical procedure that restores the normal kinematics of the AC joint is available. Among the available coracoclavicular (CC) fixation techniques, cortical button fixation was recently introduced, and it has had successful outcomes. Moreover, it is advantageous because it can be used in arthroscopic procedures. However, because of the limited number of fixation tools, a fundamental problem in terms of horizontal instability and gradual subsidence of cortical buttons has been observed, eventually leading to a threat to vertical stability. Therefore, we developed a unique CC fixation technique with multiple small tunnels using all-suture anchors, which may overcome potential complications caused by cortical buttons that require bone tunnels with relatively large diameters. This arthroscopic CC fixation technique was designed to achieve the ideal horizontal and vertical stability that may restore native AC kinematics.
Project description:There is no ideal surgical technique for the treatment of acromioclavicular (AC) dislocations. Reconstruction of the coracoclavicular ligaments (CCLs) for the treatment of AC dislocations is evolving. Many techniques for CCL reconstruction have been described. They differ mainly in the method of fixation, number of tunnels, and graft used. The surgeon should select among hamstring autograft reconstruction, coracoacromial ligament transfer, and conjoint tendon transfer for CCL reconstruction. Early on, conjoint tendon transfer to the lateral clavicle was described for the treatment of high-grade AC dislocation. Dynamic instability occurred with poor long-term outcomes. The procedure was abandoned. Recently, proximally based conjoint tendon transfer for CCL reconstruction was described, but the technique is nonanatomic and leads to anterior displacement of the clavicle and malreduction. This article describes modified conjoint tendon transfer. The technique may yield stable, anatomic, biological reconstruction of the CCL for the treatment of acute high-grade AC dislocation. It consists of the following steps: (1) creation of clavicular holes, (2) coracoid osteotomy, (3) conjoint tendon mobilization, (4) conjoint tendon transfer and fixation to the CCL footprint on the undersurface of the clavicle, and (5) AC reduction and conjoint tendon tenodesis to the bed of the retained coracoid process.
Project description:Acromioclavicular joint injuries are common and are often seen in contact athletes. Good to excellent clinical results have been reported using soft-tissue grafts to reconstruct the coracoclavicular ligaments; however, complications remain. Some complications are unique to the surgical technique, particularly clavicle and coracoid fractures that are associated with drilling large or multiple bone tunnels. The described technique allows for an anatomic coracoclavicular reconstruction using a large soft-tissue graft while minimizing the risk of clavicle fracture by avoiding large bone tunnels.
Project description:This technical note discusses the arthroscopic coracoid cerclage technique for double-bundle coracoclavicular ligament reconstruction in patients with nonacute symptomatic high-grade acromioclavicular separation injuries. This technique allows for an anatomic graft reconstruction of the coracoclavicular ligaments through an arthroscopic approach without the requirement to drill into the coracoid process. Early results are promising with high patient satisfaction and excellent reported clinical and radiographic outcomes. We believe this technique to be an anatomic, less invasive alternative to a complex shoulder procedure while sparing the structural integrity of the coracoid process and also allowing the surgeon to convert easily to a more traditional open surgical technique as necessary.
Project description:Surgical treatment of high-grade acromioclavicular (AC) joint separations has become analogous to ligament reconstructions elsewhere in the body with the goal being restoration of the native anatomy. Circumferential access to the base of the coracoid is essential to reconstruct the coracoclavicular ligament complex. Using some of the traditional open approaches, this access requires detaching the deltoid insertion and performing extensive soft tissue dissection. Also, poor visualization risks injury to nearby neurovascular structures. An arthroscopically assisted reconstruction offers the advantage of less soft tissue dissection and superior visualization to the base of the coracoid. We have developed a unique arthroscopically assisted technique that uses a subacromial approach to pass suture material and a tendon graft around the coracoid to reconstruct the coracoclavicular ligament complex. We describe our technique and preliminary results in 10 patients who have undergone coracoclavicular ligament reconstruction for high-grade AC separation. All patients improved subjectively with regard to pain and function at a minimum followup of 3 months (mean, 5 months; range, 3-18 months). This arthroscopically assisted technique has the potential to allow for safe and at least in the short term reliable restoration of the coracoclavicular ligament complex and provides an alternative technique to treat AC joint separations.
Project description:Acromioclavicular (AC) joint separations are common injuries and account for 3.2% of shoulder injuries. These injuries typically occur among adolescent and young adult athletes during contact sports, such as hockey, wrestling, and rugby. Low-grade AC joint separations (Rockwood grade I-II) are often successfully treated nonoperatively. High-grade AC joint separations (Rockwood grade IV-VI) have the potential to alter scapular kinematics, causing painful and restricted motion, and are often treated surgically. Over 150 surgical techniques have been described to treat AC joint separations. Techniques vary in the types of implants used (screws, pins), use of anatomic or nonanatomic reconstructions, number of drill holes used, use of arthroscopic or open procedures, use of distal clavicle resection, and types of augmentation (allografts, autografts, sutures). The procedure can be expensive, with the implants and grafts costing varied amounts and, at times, thousands of dollars. The purpose of this Technical Note is to describe an inexpensive method of open anatomic AC joint reconstruction using a single bone tunnel, suture tape, and a semitendinosus autograft.