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Cloning, expression and antioxidant activity of a thioredoxin peroxidase from Branchiostoma belcheri tsingtaunese.

ABSTRACT: Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are ubiquitous antioxidant enzymes that catalyze the thioredoxin- dependent reduction of hydroperoxides. In this study, a novel thioredoxin peroxidase (Bbt-TPx1), a member of the peroxiredoxin superfamily, was found by EST sequence analysis of a cDNA library of Branchiostoma belcheri tsingtaunese ovary. The sequence of a full-length cDNA clone contained an open reading frame encoding a polypeptide of 198 amino acid residues, with a calculated molecular weight of 22,150 Da. The expression patterns of the protein at different developmental stages and adult amphioxus tissues indicate that this enzyme may play important roles in anti-oxidation and innate immunity. The recombinant Bbt-TPx1 protein was expressed with a polyhistidine-tag in Escherichia coli and purified using Ni chromatography followed by SP cation exchange chromatography. The rBbt-TPx1 protein existed as a dimer under non-reducing conditions, and was dissociated into monomers by dithiothreitol (DTT); it might predominantly exist in oligomeric form. The rBbt-TPx1 protein showed a significant thiol-dependent peroxidase activity, removing hydrogen peroxide in the presence of dithiothreitol (DTT), but not glutathione (GSH). Protection of plasmid DNA and the thiol-protein from damage by metal-catalyzed oxidation (MCO) in vitro was also revealed.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC5383247 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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