Association between common polymorphisms in ERCC gene and glioma risk: A meta-analysis of 15 studies.
ABSTRACT: A number of studies have investigated the roles of excision repair cross complementation group 1 (ERCC1), ERCC2, and ERCC5 genes polymorphisms in the development of glioma; however, the results were inconsistent. Here, we performed a meta-analysis to investigate the association between 6 polymorphisms in the ERCC genes (rs3212986, rs11615, rs13181, rs1799793, rs238406, rs17655) and glioma risk.The PubMed, Embase, and Web of science were searched up to September 6, 2016, for studies on the association between ERCC polymorphisms and glioma risk. A fixed-effects or random-effects model was used to calculate the pooled odds ratios based on the results from the heterogeneity tests. Sensitivity and cumulative meta-analyses were also performed.A total of 15 studies were eligible for the pooled analysis, conducted in 2 populations of ethnic descent: 8 Europeans and 7 Asians. The results showed that ERCC1 rs3212986 polymorphism was positively associated with glioma [AA vs CC: odds ratio (OR) = 1.298, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) = 1.043-1.230, P?=?.025]. Association of the ERCC2 rs13181 and rs1799793 polymorphisms was only observed in Asians (CC vs AA for rs13181: OR?=?1.539, 95% CI?=?1.122-2.109, P?=?.007; AA vs GG for rs1799793: OR?=?1.474, 95% CI?=?1.090-1.994, P?=?.012). However, no association was observed between glioma risk and ERCC1 rs11615, ERCC2 rs238406, and ERCC5 rs17655 polymorphisms. Moreover, sensitivity and cumulative meta-analyses confirmed the stability of the results.Our meta-analysis indicated that the ERCC1 rs3212986 polymorphism and 2 polymorphisms in ERCC2 gene (rs13181 and rs1799793) contributed to the susceptibility of glioma.
Project description:BACKGROUND: Benzo[a]pyrene(B[a]P), and its ultimate metabolite Benzo[a]pyrene 7,8-diol 9,10-epoxide (BPDE), are classic DNA damaging carcinogens. DNA damage caused by BPDE is normally repaired by Nucleotide Excision Repair (NER), of which ERCC1 and ERCC2/XPD exert an indispensable role. Genetic variations in ERCC1 and ERCC2 have been related to DNA repair efficiency. In this study we used lymphocytes from healthy individuals to show that polymorphisms in ERCC1 and ERCC2 are directly associated with decreased DNA repair efficiency. METHODS: ERCC1 (rs3212986 and rs11615) and ERCC2 (rs13181, rs1799793 and rs238406) were genotyped in 818 healthy Han individuals from the northeast of China. BPDE induced DNA adducts in lymphocytes were assessed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in 282 randomly selected participants. The effect of ERCC1 rs3212986 and ERCC2 rs238406 on DNA damage caused by B[a]P was assessed with a modified comet assay. RESULTS: We found that the variant genotypes of ERCC1 rs3212986 and ERCC2 rs238406 were associated with the high levels of BPDE-DNA adducts. Especially ERCC1 rs3212986 A-allele variant was significantly associated with the high BPDE-DNA adducts. Haplotype analysis showed that the ERCC1 haplotype AC (OR?=?2.36, 95% CI?=?1.84-2.97), ERCC2 haplotype AGA (OR?=?1.51, 95% CI?=?1.06-2.15) and haplotype block AGAAC (OR?=?5.28, 95% CI?=?2.95-9.43), AGCAC (OR?=?1.35 95% CI?=?1.13-1.60) were linked with high BPDE-DNA adducts. In addition, we found that the combined minor alleles of ERCC1 rs3212986 and ERCC2 rs238406 were associated with a reduced DNA repair capacity. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the variant genotypes of ERCC1 rs3212986 and ERCC2 rs238406 are associated with decreased repair efficiency of BPDE induced DNA damage, and may be predictive for an individual's DNA repair capacity in response to environmental carcinogens.
Project description:Some previous studies have sought to investigate the roles of excision repair cross complementation group 1 (ERCC1), ERCC2, ERCC4, and ERCC5 gene polymorphisms in the prognosis of osteosarcoma patients. However, their results were inconclusive. Here, we performed a meta-analysis to determine the strength of the association between eight polymorphisms in the ERCC genes (rs11615, rs3212986, rs2298881, rs13181, rs1799793, rs1800067, rs2296147, and rs1047768) and prognosis of osteosarcoma patients treated with chemotherapy.We retrieved the relevant studies from PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science in human osteosarcoma published prior to July 2017. Primary outcomes included overall survival (OS) and event-free survival, expressed by hazard ratios (HRs) with their corresponding 95% CIs. STATA software (version 12.0) was utilized to perform data synthesis.A total of 13 eligible follow-up studies involving 2,303 patients met all the inclusion criteria, conducted in two populations of ethnic descent: 11 Asians and two Caucasians. In the present meta-analysis, we demonstrated that the homozygous variant genotypes in ERCC2 rs1799793 and ERCC5 rs2296147 were significantly associated with OS in osteosarcoma (TT vs GG for rs1799793: HR = 0.62, 95% CI = 0.41-0.93, Pheterogeneity = 0.310, I2 = 15.3%, P = 0.020; TT vs CC for rs2296147: HR = 0.42, 95% CI = 0.23-0.78, Pheterogeneity = 0.708, I2 = 0.0%, P = 0.006). In addition, no evidence of association was observed between prognosis in osteosarcoma and ERCC1 rs11615, ERCC1 rs3212986, ERCC1 rs2298881, ERCC2 rs13181, ERCC4 rs1800067, and ERCC5 rs1047768 polymorphisms.Our meta-analysis indicated that TT genotype in the ERCC2 rs1799793 and ERCC5 rs2296147 might prolong the survival time of patients with osteosarcoma, suggesting that the rs1799793 and rs2296147 polymorphisms can be used as predictors for prognosis of osteosarcoma patients treated with chemotherapy.
Project description:Background and Objective: Excision repair cross complementing (ERCC) group genes play important roles in the nucleotide excision repair (NER) way, which can effectively remove bulky lesions and reduce UV-caused DNA damage by environmental chemicals. Polymorphisms in ERCCs were thought to be related to prostate cancer (PCa) risk. However, it has been unclear whether this relationship is consistent. This study aimed to obtain the overall profile regarding the associations between ERCCs polymorphisms and PCa risk. Materials and Methods: We identified relevant studies by a systematic search of PubMed, Medline, Embase, Google Scholar databases, Web of Science and Wanfang databases up to April 8, 2018. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidential intervals (95%CIs) were conducted to evaluate the associations. All the statistical analyses were conducted basing on STATA 12.0 software. Results: Finally, a total of 29 previous studies published in 17 publications were included for four polymorphisms in two DNA repair genes (ERCC2-rs1799793, ERCC2-rs238406, ERCC2-rs13181 and ERCC5-rs17655). Overall, we observed no significant connection between these four polymorphisms and PCa risk. However, after stratifying the studies by ethnicity, ERCC2-rs1799793 polymorphism was associated with an increased risk of PCa in Asian patients and the relationship was subsequently validated with the allelic model, the homozygous model and the recessive model when extracting the data of Asian patients for specific analyses (B vs. A: OR = 1.537, 95%CI: 1.240-1.906, PA< 0.001; BB vs. AA: OR = 2.089, 95%CI: 1.388-3.145, PA< 0.001 and BB vs. BA + AA: OR = 1.929, 95%CI: 1.313-2.835, PA= 0.020). Furthermore, subgroup analyses were also conducted by Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium (HWE) and source of control, negative results were identified for ERCC2-rs238406, ERCC2-rs13181 and ERCC5-rs17655 polymorphisms (PA> 0.050). Conclusion: To sum up, our work demonstrated that ERCC2-rs1799793 polymorphism is positively associated with PCa risk in Asian population. Further larger-scale studies with subjects of the same ethnicity and biological characteristics are required to verify these findings.
Project description:OBJECTIVE:: Several previous studies have reported the role variant of ERCC1 rs3212986 and ERCC2 rs13181 polymorphisms in the risk of glioma, but the results of these studies are inconsistent. Therefore, we aimed to conduct a meta-analysis to investigate the role of ERCC1 rs3212986 and ERCC2 rs13181 on the risk of glioma. METHODS:A comprehensive research was conducted through the databases of Pubmed, EMBASE and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) platforms until June 1, 2014, including 14 eligible case-control studies. RESULTS:Our meta-analysis found that ERCC1 rs3212986 AA genotype was significantly associated with increased risk of glioma compared with CC genotype, and the pooled OR (95%CI) was 1.29(1.07-1.55). By subgroup analysis, ERCC1 rs3212986 AA genotype was found to be significantly correlated with increased glioma risk in Chinese population (OR=1.37, 95%CI=1.07, 1.55), Similarly, we found that ERCC2 rs13181 GT and TT genotypes were significantly associated with increased risk of glioma in Chinese population, with ORs(95%CI) of 1.47(1.17-1.85) and 1.50(1.02-2.22). But ERCC1 rs3212986 and ERCC2 rs13181 polymorphisms had no significant association with glioma risk in Caucasian populations. By begg's funnel plot, we found that no publication bias was existed in this meta-analysis. CONCLUSION:Our meta-analysis suggested that ERCC1 rs3212986 and ERCC2 rs13181 polymorphism play an important risk factor for brain tumor development in Chinese population, but no association in Caucasian populations.
Project description:PURPOSE: ERCC1 and ERCC2 play critical roles in the nucleotide excision repair pathway that effectively repairs DNA damage induced by chemotherapeutic agents. Therefore, functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in these genes could have an impact on clinical outcomes in cancer patients who received chemotherapy. However, few studies have simultaneously investigated the roles of ERCC1 and ERCC2 SNPs in clinical outcomes in gastric cancer patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We genotyped by the TaqMan assay three common, potentially functional ERCC1 (rs3212986) and ERCC2 SNPs (rs13181 and rs1799793) in 360 gastric cancer patients. We used both Kaplan-Meier tests and Cox proportional hazards models to evaluate the effects of ERCC1 and ERCC2 genotypes and haplotypes on clinical outcomes. RESULTS: We found that, compared with ERCC2 rs1799793 GG+AG genotypes, the homozygous variant AA genotype was associated with significantly poorer overall survival (OS) (AA vs. GG+AG, log-rank P=0.012) and significantly higher risk of death (AA vs. GG+AG, Adjusted hazards ratio [HR] 2.13; 95% CI, 1.28 to 3.56; P=0.004). In combined analyses, patients with any one of the three unfavorable genotypes (i.e. ERCC1 rs3212986 TT, ERCC2 rs13181 GG and rs1799793 AA) had statistically significant hazards of poor prognosis (Adjusted HR, 1.54; 95% CI, 1.06 to 2.25; P=0.025), compared with those without any unfavorable genotypes. Furthermore, the haplotype A-G-G (rs1799793/rs13181/rs3212986) had a significant impact on OS (Adjusted HR, 1.57; 95% CI, 1.11 to 2.21; P=0.011), compared with the common haplotype G-T-G. CONCLUSION: ERCC1 and ERCC2 functional SNPs may jointly affect OS in Caucasian gastric cancer patients. Additional large prospective studies are essential to confirm our findings.
Project description:We performed a study to investigate the role of ERCC1, ERCC2, ERCC5, XPA and XPC polymorphisms from perspective of the whole NER pathway in the prognosis of gastric cancer. A total of 410 gastric cancer patients were recruited between January 2010 and December 2011. Restriction fragment length polymorphism-polymerase chain reaction (RFLP-PCR) was used to analyze genotypes of ERCC1 rs11615 and rs3212986, ERCC2 rs13181 and s1799793, ERCC5 rs17655, XPA rs1800975 and XPC rs2228001. Our study found that carriers of ERCC1 rs3212986 TT genotype showed significantly favorable survival than wide-type GG genotype in multivariate analysis (OR=6.38, 95% CI=2.54-19.03), and patients with variant CC genotype of ERCC2 rs13181 exhibited better response to chemotherapy than those with AA genotype (OR=2.21, 95% CI=1.17-4.25). By Cox proportional hazards model, patients with variant TT genotype of ERCC1 rs3212986 exhibited longer PFS and OS than those who had GG genotype (for PFS, HR=0.37, 95% CI=0.17-0.75; for OS, HR=0.36, 95% CI=0.13-0.87). For ERCC2 rs13181 polymorphism, carriers with CC genotype demonstrated significantly increased hazards of progression of disease and death in multivariate model (for PFS, HR=0.48, 95% CI=0.26-0.88; for OS, HR=0.44, 95% CI=0.20-0.91). In conclusion, our finding suggests that ERCC1 rs3212986 and ERCC2 rs13181 gene polymorphism could influence the response to chemotherapy and clinical outcome of gastric cancer.
Project description:We conducted a prospective study to analyze whether ERCC1 rs11615 and rs3212986 and ERCC2 rs13181 and rs1799793 gene polymorphisms could serve as potential biomarkers for the prognosis of gastric cancer. A total of 228 patients with pathologically proven gastric cancer and receiving platinum-based chemotherapy were recruited from our hospital between October 2009 and October 2011. The ERCC1 rs11615 and rs3212986 and ERCC2 rs13181 and rs1799793 polymorphisms were genotyped using the polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assay. Conditional logistic regression analysis revealed that patients carrying the CA and AA genotypes of ERCC1 rs3212986 polymorphism showed a poorer response to chemotherapy compared to the CC genotype (CA vs. CC: OR = 0.28, 95% CI = 0.06-0.98, P = 0.04; AA vs. CC: OR = 0.49, 95% CI = 0.06-0.98, P = 0.01). Moreover, the CA+AA genotype of ERCC1 rs3212986 polymorphism showed a significantly poorer response to chemotherapy (CA+AA vs. CC: OR = 0.49, 95% CI = 0.27-0.90). Patients with the AA genotype of ERCC1 rs3212986 polymorphism had a longer overall survival time when compared with the CC genotype (34.91 months vs. 51.19 months, log-rank P = 0.003). The AA genotype of ERCC1 rs3212986 polymorphism in gastric cancer patients was correlated with a higher risk of death from varying causes by the Cox proportional hazards model, compared to the CC genotype (HR = 6.19, 95% CI = 1.42-30.60). In conclusion, the ERCC1 rs3212986 polymorphism was found to influence the response to chemotherapy and overall survival of gastric cancer patients.
Project description:Benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide (BPDE)-induced DNA adducts are a risk factor for tobacco-related cancers. Excision repair cross-complementing complementation group 1 (ERCC1) and excision repair cross-complementing complementation group 2/xeroderma pigmentosum D (ERCC2/XPD) participate in the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway that removes BPDE-DNA adducts; however, few studies have provided population-based evidence for this association. Therefore, we assayed for levels of in vitro BPDE-induced DNA adducts and genotypes of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the NER genes ERCC1 (rs3212986 and rs11615) and ERCC2/XPD (rs13181, rs1799793 and rs238406) in 707 healthy non-Hispanic whites. The linear trend test of increased adduct values in never to former to current smokers was statistically significant (P(trend) = 0.0107). The median DNA adduct levels for the ERCC2 rs1799793 GG, GA and AA genotypes were 23, 29 and 30, respectively (P(trend) = 0.057), but this trend was not observed for other SNPs. After adjustment for covariates, adduct values larger than the median value were significantly associated with the genotypes ERCC1 rs3212986TT [odds ratio (OR) = 1.89, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.03-3.48] and ERCC2/XPD rs238406AA (OR = 0.64, 95% CI = 0.41-0.99) and rs238406CA (OR = 0.63, 95% CI = 0.45-0.89) compared with their corresponding wild-type homozygous genotypes. The results of haplotype analysis further suggested that haplotypes CAC and CGA of ERCC2/XPD, TC of ERCC1 and CACTC of ERCC2/XPD and ERCC1 were significantly associated with high levels of DNA adducts compared with their most common haplotypes. Our findings suggest that the genotypes and haplotypes of ERCC1 and ERCC2/XPD may have an effect on in vitro BPDE-induced DNA adduct levels.
Project description:Esophageal cancer (EC) is a very aggressive tumor, and no reliable prognostic markers exist especially for resectable advanced neoplasia. The principal aim of this study was to investigate the association of germline polymorphisms in nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway genes with the overall survival (OS) of patients with advanced EC. As a second aim, we also studied the association of NER gene variants with response to cisplatin-based chemotherapy. Among the EC patients referred to our Institution between 2004 and 2012, we selected a cohort of 180 patients diagnosed with a clinical tumor stage ranging from IIB and IVA. Patients were genotyped for four NER variants, two in the ERCC1 (rs11615 and rs3212986) and two in the ERCC2/XPD (rs1799793 and rs13181) genes. Kaplan-Meier analyses and Cox proportional hazards model were used to evaluate the associations of the selected variants with OS; association with response to neoadjuvant therapy was investigated using logistic regression. Results showed that the ERCC1 rs3212986 and the ERCC2/XPD rs1799793 were significantly associated with shorter OS. On the contrary, response association analysis displayed that, while rs11615 and rs3212986 in ERCC1 were associated with response, both ERCC2/XPD variants were not. By creating survival prediction models, we showed that the rs3212986 and the rs1799793 have a better predictability of the tumor stage alone. Furthermore, they were able to improve the power of the clinical model (AUC = 0.660 vs. AUC = 0.548, p = 0.004). In conclusion, our results indicate that the ERCC1 rs3212986 and the ERCC2/XPD rs1799793 could be used as surrogate markers for a better stratification of EC patients with advanced resectable tumor.
Project description:BACKGROUND: Association studies of germline DNA repair single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and glioma risk have yielded inconclusive results. We therefore performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies investigating this association. METHODS: We identified 27 eligible studies investigating 105 SNPs in 42 DNA repair genes. Of these, 10 SNPs in 7 genes were analyzed in at least 4 studies and were therefore included in our meta-analysis. The meta-analysis was performed for homozygote comparison, heterozygote comparison, and dominant and recessive models by applying a fixed- or random-effects model. The funnel and forest plots were created using RevMan software. RESULTS: We found that SNPs rs3212986 (odds ratio [OR] = 1.35 (1.08-1.68), P = .008), rs13181 (OR = 1.18 (1.06-1.31), P = .002), and rs25487 (OR = 1.12 (1.03-1.22), P = .007) in DNA repair genes ERCC1, ERCC2 (XPD), and XRCC1 may increase the risk of glioma, while polymorphisms rs1136410 (OR = 0.78 (0.68-0.89), P = .0004) and rs12917 (OR = 0.84 (0.73-0.96), P = .01) in PARP1(ADPRT) and MGMT are associated with decreased susceptibility to glioma. No evidence of significant associations between ERCC2 rs1799793, OGG1 rs1052133, XRCC1 rs25489, XRCC1 rs1799782, or XRCC3 rs861539 and risk of glioma was observed. CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence that DNA repair genes ERCC1, ERCC2, and XRCC1 might be low-penetrance glioma-risk genes, while MGMT and PARP1 polymorphisms may confer protection against glioma.