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A mild phenotype of sensorineural hearing loss and palmoplantar keratoderma caused by a novel GJB2 dominant mutation.


ABSTRACT: Dominant GJB2 mutations are known to cause a syndromic form of sensorineural hearing loss associated with palmo-plantar skin manifestations. We present the genotype/phenotype correlations of a new GJB2 mutation identified in three generations of an Italian family (proband, mother and grandfather) whose members are affected by sensorineural hearing impairment associated with adult-onset palmoplantar keratoderma. In all affected members we identified a new heterozygous GJB2 mutation (c.66G > T, p.Lys22Asn) whose segregation, population frequency and in silico prediction analysis have suggested a pathogenic role. The p.Lys22Asn GJB2 mutation causes a dominant form of hearing loss associated with variable expression of palmoplantar keratoderma, representing a model of full penetrance, with an age-dependent effect on the phenotype.

SUBMITTER: Stanghellini I 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5584103 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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