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Altered follicular helper T cell impaired antibody production in a murine model of myelodysplastic syndromes.

ABSTRACT: Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a group of clonal hematopoietic diseases which have a high risk of progressing to acute myeloid leukemia. MDS patients have immunologic deficiency, including T and B cells dysfunction. Follicular T helper cells (Tfh, CD4+CXCR5+) are an important subset of helper T cells which help to the formation of germinal centers and B cells differentiation. In this study, we investigated the proportion and function of Tfh using NUP98-HOXD13 transgenic (NHD13) mice model with MDS phenotype. The proportion of Tfh from bone marrow and spleen of NHD13 mice decreased compared with wild type (WT) mice tested by flow cytometry. In NHD13 mice spleens, there were decreased CXCR5+ cells and increased PD-1+ cells using immunohistochemistry. The active markers (ICOS, CD40L and OX40) expressed on Tfh of NHD13 mice were decreased. In contrast, PD-1 expression on Tfh of NHD13 mice was higher than that of WT mice. After coculture with Tfh from NHD13 mice, IgG and IgM production of B cells were decreased. In conclusion, the proportion and function of Tfh in the MDS mice model were altered. The dysfunction and reduction of Tfh may inhibit B cells differentiation and antibody production. Abnormal Tfh might contribute to the immune tolerance promoting the progression of MDS.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC5716728 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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