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Function Control of Anti-microRNA Oligonucleotides Using Interstrand Cross-Linked Duplexes.


ABSTRACT: MicroRNA (miRNA)-guided argonaute (Ago) controls gene expression upon binding to the 3' UTR of mRNA. The miRNA function can be competitively inhibited by single-stranded anti-miRNA oligonucleotides (AMOs). In this study, we constructed a novel type of AMO flanked by interstrand cross-linked 2'-O-methylated RNA duplexes (CLs) that confer a stable helical conformation. Compared with other structured AMOs, AMO flanked by CLs at the 5' and 3' termini exhibited much higher inhibitory activity in cells. Anti-miRNA activity, nuclease resistance, and miRNA modification pattern distinctly differed according to the CL-connected positions in AMOs. Moreover, we found that the 3'-side CL improves nuclease resistance, whereas the 5'-side CL contributes to stable binding with miRNA in Ago upon interaction with the 3' part of miRNA. These structure-function relationship analyses of AMOs provide important insights into the function control of Ago-miRNA complexes, which will be useful for basic miRNA research as well as for determining therapeutic applications of AMO.

SUBMITTER: Mie Y 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5734696 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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