Dataset Information


Calcium and Vitamin D Supplementation in Boys with Risperidone-Induced Hyperprolactinemia: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Pilot Study.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:The chronic use of antipsychotics has been associated with impaired bone mineralization, partially mediated by hyperprolactinemia. We examined if calcium and vitamin D supplementation promote bone mineral accrual in boys with risperidone-induced hyperprolactinemia. METHODS:Between February 2009 and November 2013, medically healthy, 5- to 17-year-old boys were enrolled in a 36-week double-blind, placebo-controlled study, examining the skeletal effects of supplementation with 1250?mg calcium carbonate and 400 IU of vitamin D3 in risperidone-induced hyperprolactinemia. Anthropometric, dietary, physical activity, and psychiatric assessments were conducted at baseline and week 18 and 36. Plasma prolactin and vitamin D concentrations were measured at baseline and week 36. Total body less head bone mineral content (BMC) and radius trabecular bone mineral density (BMD) were measured at baseline, week 18, and week 36, using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and peripheral quantitative computed tomography, respectively. Linear mixed-effects regression analysis examined the longitudinal effect of treatment on skeletal outcomes. RESULTS:Forty-seven boys (mean age: 11.0?±?2.6 years) were randomized and 38 completed the study. At study entry, the average dietary calcium intake was below the recommended limit, but the average vitamin D concentration was normal. Calcium and vitamin D supplementation failed to significantly increase BMC or trabecular BMD. It also failed to affect several other skeletal and anthropometric outcomes, including plasma vitamin D concentration. CONCLUSIONS:In this 9-month long pilot study, supplementation with a modest dose of calcium and vitamin D did not increase bone mass accrual in risperidone-treated boys with hyperprolactinemia. Alternative approaches should be investigated to optimize bone health in this population to prevent future morbidity and premature mortality. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00799383.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC5831755 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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