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Delineation of the visual pathway in paediatric optic pathway glioma patients using probabilistic tractography, and correlations with visual acuity.


ABSTRACT: Radiological biomarkers which correlate with visual function are needed to improve the clinical management of optic pathway glioma (OPG) patients. Currently, these are not available using conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences. The aim of this study was to determine whether diffusion MRI could be used to delineate the entire optic pathway in OPG patients, and provide imaging biomarkers within this pathway which correlate with a patient's visual acuity (VA).Multi-shell diffusion MRI data were acquired in a cohort of paediatric OPG patients, along with VA measurements in each eye. Diffusion MRI data were processed using constrained spherical deconvolution and probabilistic fibre tractography, to delineate the white matter bundles forming the optic pathway in each patient. Median fractional anisotropy (FA) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) were measured in the optic nerves, tracts, and radiations, and correlated against each patient's VA.In the optic nerves, median FA significantly correlated with VA (R2adj = 0.31, p = 0.0082), with lower FA associated with poorer vision. In the optic radiations, both lower FA and higher ADC were significantly associated with poorer vision (R2adj = 0.52, p = 0.00075 and R2adj = 0.50, p = 0.0012 respectively). No significant correlations between VA and either FA or ADC were found in the optic tracts.Multi-shell diffusion MRI provides in vivo delineation of the optic pathway in OPG patients, despite the presence of tumour invasion. This technique provides imaging biomarkers which are sensitive to microstructural damage to the underlying white matter in this pathway, which is not always visible on conventional MRI.

SUBMITTER: Hales PW 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5842647 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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