Feasibility of the evidence-based cognitive telerehabilitation program Remind for patients with primary brain tumors.
ABSTRACT: Many patients with primary brain tumors experience cognitive deficits. Cognitive rehabilitation programs focus on alleviating these deficits, but availability of such programs is limited. Our large randomized controlled trial (RCT) demonstrated positive effects of the cognitive rehabilitation program developed by our group. We converted the program into the iPad-based cognitive rehabilitation program ReMind, to increase its accessibility. The app incorporates psychoeducation, strategy training and retraining. This pilot study in patients with primary brain tumors evaluates the feasibility of the use of the ReMind-app in a clinical (research) setting in terms of accrual, attrition, adherence and patient satisfaction. The intervention commenced 3 months after resective surgery and patients were advised to spend 3 h per week on the program for 10 weeks. Of 28 eligible patients, 15 patients with presumed low-grade glioma or meningioma provided informed consent. Most important reason for decline was that patients (7) experienced no cognitive complaints. Participants completed on average 71% of the strategy training and 76% of the retraining. Some patients evaluated the retraining as too easy. Overall, 85% of the patients evaluated the intervention as "good" or "excellent". All patients indicated that they would recommend the program to other patients with brain tumors. The ReMind-app is the first evidence-based cognitive telerehabilitation program for adult patients with brain tumors and this pilot study suggests that postoperative cognitive rehabilitation via this app is feasible. Based on patients' feedback, we have expanded the retraining with more difficult exercises. We will evaluate the efficacy of ReMind in an RCT.
Project description:The treatment of cognitive deficits is challenging in pediatric onset multiple sclerosis (POMS) and in patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We performed a pilot double-blind RCT to evaluate the efficacy of a home-based computerized-program for retraining attention in two cohorts of POMS and ADHD patients.POMS and ADHD patients failing in at least 2/4 attention tests on a neuropsychological battery were randomized to specific or nonspecific computerized training (ST, nST), performed in one-hour sessions, twice/week for 3 months. The primary outcome was the effect of the training on global neuropsychological performances measured by the cognitive impairment index (CII). The efficacy of the intervention was evaluated in each disease group by using repeated measures ANOVA.Sixteen POMS (9 females, age 15.75?±?1.74 years) and 20 ADHD (2 females, age 11.19?±?2.49 years) patients were enrolled. In POMS patients the ST exposure was associated to a significantly more pronounced improvement of the CII (p?<?0.0001) and on cognitive test exploring attention, concentration, planning strategies and visuo-spatial memory performances in comparison to nST exposure. In ADHD patients the difference between the ST and nST on the CII was not statistical significant (p?=?0.06), but a greater effect of the ST was found only on cognitive test exploring attention and delayed recall of visuo-spatial memory performances.Our data suggest that a cognitive rehabilitation program that targets attention is a suitable tool for improving global cognitive functioning in POMS patients, whereas it has a less pronounced transfer effect in ADHD patients.ClinicalTrials.gov; NCT03190902 ; registration date: June 15, 2017; retrospectively registered.
Project description:To study the effects of cognitive retraining and inpatient rehabilitation to study the effects of cognitive retraining and inpatient rehabilitation in patients with acquired brain injury (ABI).This was a prospective follow-up study in a neurological rehabilitation department of quaternary research hospital.Thirty patients with ABI, mean age 36.43 years (standard deviation [SD] 12.6, range 18-60), mean duration of illness 77.87 days (SD 91.78, range 21-300 days) with cognitive, physical, and motor-sensory deficits underwent inpatient rehabilitation for minimum of 14 sessions over a period of 3 weeks. Nineteen patients (63%) reported in the follow-up of minimum 3 months after discharge. Type of ABI, cognitive status (using Montreal Cognitive assessment scale [MoCA] and cognitive Functional Independence Measure [Cog FIM]®), and functional status (motor FIM®) were noted at admission, discharge, and follow-up and scores were compared.Patients received inpatient rehabilitation addressing cognitive and functional impairments. Baseline MoCA, motor FIM, and Cog FIM scores were 15.27 (SD = 7.2, range 3-30), 31.57 (SD = 15.6, range 12-63), and 23.47 (SD = 9.7, range 5-35), respectively. All the parameters improved significantly at the time of discharge (MoCA = 19.6 ± 7.4 range 3-30, motor FIM® = 61.33 ± 18.7 range 12-89, Cog FIM® =27.23 ± 8.10 range 9-35). Patients were discharged with home-based programs. Nineteen patients reported in follow-up and observed to have maintained cognition on MoCA (18.8 ± 6.8 range 6-27), significantly improved (P < 0.01) on Cog FIM® (28.0 ± 7.7 range 14-35) and motor FIM® =72.89 ± 16.2 range 40-96) as compare to discharge scores.Cognitive and functional outcomes improve significantly with dedicated and specialized inpatient rehabilitation in ABI patients, which is sustainable over a period.
Project description:Cognitive rehabilitation programs have demonstrated efficacy in improving cognitive functions in Parkinson's disease (PD), but little is known about cerebral changes associated with an integrative cognitive rehabilitation in PD. To assess structural and functional cerebral changes in PD patients, after attending a three-month integrative cognitive rehabilitation program (REHACOP). Forty-four PD patients were randomly divided into REHACOP group (cognitive rehabilitation) and a control group (occupational therapy). T1-weighted, diffusion weighted and functional magnetic resonance images (fMRI) during resting-state and during a memory paradigm (with learning and recognition tasks) were acquired at pre-treatment and post-treatment. Cerebral changes were assessed with repeated measures ANOVA 2 × 2 for group x time interaction. During resting-state fMRI, the REHACOP group showed significantly increased brain connectivity between the left inferior temporal lobe and the bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex compared to the control group. Moreover, during the recognition fMRI task, the REHACOP group showed significantly increased brain activation in the left middle temporal area compared to the control group. During the learning fMRI task, the REHACOP group showed increased brain activation in the left inferior frontal lobe at post-treatment compared to pre-treatment. No significant structural changes were found between pre- and post-treatment. Finally, the REHACOP group showed significant and positive correlations between the brain connectivity and activation and the cognitive performance at post-treatment. This randomized controlled trial suggests that an integrative cognitive rehabilitation program can produce significant functional cerebral changes in PD patients and adds evidence to the efficacy of cognitive rehabilitation programs in the therapeutic approach for PD.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>Physical rehabilitation is required to enhance functional outcomes and overall recovery following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, there are no universally accepted clinical guidelines available to consistently structure rehabilitation for TKA patients. A common method is rehabilitation provided in an outpatient setting, on a one-to-one treatment basis. This method is resource-intensive and outcomes must be compared to less costly alternatives such as home-based rehabilitation. The current study will analyse a novel home-based rehabilitation program. The Maxm skate is a portable, lower-limb, postoperative, rehabilitation exercise device for individual use in a hospital or home-based setting. This study was developed to compare the safety, efficacy and cost-effectiveness of the Maxm Skate rehabilitation program to standard rehabilitative care following TKA. The primary outcome is the range of motion (ROM) achieved by patients who received the Maxm Skate program compared to standard care at three?months post TKA. Secondary outcomes include patient-reported outcomes, costs and functional evaluations which will be collected at multiple time-points up to 12?months after TKA.<h4>Methods</h4>This is a single-blinded, randomised controlled trial (RCT) in which 116 eligible participants consented for primary TKA will be randomly allocated to receive either the Maxm Skate rehabilitation program or standard rehabilitative care. Fifty-eight participants per group will provide 90% power (??=?0.05) to detect 10° of difference in ROM between groups at three months after TKA, assuming a within-group standard deviation of 16° and allowing for 5% loss to follow-up. Participants randomised to the Maxm Skate group will use the skate device and accompanying iOS App and sensors to complete rehabilitation exercises, as outlined in the Maxm Skate Rehabilitation Guide. Outcomes will be compared to those receiving standard rehabilitative care. A blinded physiotherapist will evaluate functional outcomes preoperatively and at 2, 4, 6, 12, 26 and 52?weeks after TKA. The functional assessment will include measures of knee ROM, pain, isometric knee strength, balance and knee/thigh circumference. Limited measures will also be assessed at day 2 postoperatively by an alternate, unblinded physiotherapist. Clinical outcome measures will be administered preoperatively and at 6, 12 and 52?weeks postoperatively. An economic evaluation will be conducted and participants will be screened for adverse event occurrences from the time of consent to 12?months postoperatively.<h4>Discussion</h4>This RCT will be the first to investigate the safety, efficacy and cost-effectiveness of the home-based Maxm Skate Rehabilitation program, in comparison to standard rehabilitative care following primary TKA.<h4>Trial registration</h4>Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry, ACTRN12616001081404p . Registered on 11 August 2016.
Project description:Cognitive impairment in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) is now well recognized. One of the most common cognitive deficits is found in memory functioning, largely due to impaired acquisition. We examined functional brain activity 6 months after memory retraining in individuals with MS. The current report presents long term follow-up results from a randomized clinical trial on a memory rehabilitation protocol known as the modified Story Memory Technique. Behavioral memory performance and brain activity of all participants were evaluated at baseline, immediately after treatment, and 6 months after treatment. Results revealed that previously observed increases in patterns of cerebral activation during learning immediately after memory training were maintained 6 months post training.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>Long-term maintenance of preventive activities is fundamental for achieving improved outcomes in cardiac rehabilitation (CR). Despite this, it has been shown to be a major challenge for many patients to follow recommendations and thereby adhere to a heart-healthy lifestyle. Mobile phone apps have been emphasized as potential tools to promote preventive activities after attendance in a CR program. Before commencing a trial to assess the potential effect of using an app to promote long-term adherence to preventive activities after attendance in CR, a study to assess if it is feasible to use an app is warranted.<h4>Objective</h4>The goal of the research is to assess if it is feasible to use a mobile phone app for promoting and monitoring patients' adherence to a heart-healthy lifestyle after CR.<h4>Methods</h4>The study included an experimental, pre-post single-arm trial lasting for 12 weeks. All patients received access to an app aimed to guide individuals to change or maintain a heart-healthy lifestyle. During the study period, patients received weekly, individualized monitoring through the app, based on their own goals. Feasibility outcomes assessed were recruitment rate, adherence to the app, resource requirements, and efficacy regarding capability to detect a change in quality of life, health status, and perceived goal achievement as well as evaluating ceiling and floor effect in these outcomes. Criteria for success were preset to be able to evaluate whether the app was feasible to use in a potential future RCT.<h4>Results</h4>In total, 71% (17/24) of the patients who completed CR were eligible for a potential RCT as well as for this study. All 14 patients included in the study used the app to promote preventive activities throughout the study. Satisfaction with the technology was high, and the patients found the technology-based follow-up intervention both useful and motivational. Ceiling effect was present in more than 20% of the patients in several domains of the questionnaires evaluating quality of life (36-Item Short Form Health Survey and COOP/WONCA functional health assessments) and health status (EQ-5D). Overall self-rated health status (EuroQol Visual Analog Scale) and perceived goal achievement were found to be outcomes able to detect a change.<h4>Conclusions</h4>Individual follow-up through an app after attendance in CR is feasible. All patients used the app for preventive activities and found the app both useful and motivating. Several points of guidance from the patients in the study have been adopted and incorporated into the final design of the RCT now in the field.
Project description:PURPOSE OF REVIEW:Movement retraining in rehabilitation is the process by which a motor program is changed with the overall goal of reducing pain or injury risk. Movement retraining is an important component of interventions to address patellofemoral pain. The purpose of this paper is to review the methods and results of current retraining studies that are aimed at reducing symptoms of patellofemoral pain. RECENT FINDINGS:The majority of studies reviewed demonstrated some improvement in patellofemoral pain symptoms and overall function. However, the degree of improvement as well as the persistence of improvement over time varied between studies. The greatest pain reduction and persistent changes were noted in those studies that incorporated a faded feedback design including between 8 and 18 sessions over 2-6 weeks, typically 3-4 sessions per week. Additionally, dosage in these studies increased to 30-45 min during later sessions, resulting in 177-196 total minutes of retraining. In contrast, pain reductions and persistence of changes were the least in studies where overall retraining volume was low and feedback was either absent or continual. Faulty movement patterns have been associated with patellofemoral pain. Studies have shown that strengthening alone does not alter these patterns, and that addressing the motor program is needed to effect these changes. Based upon the studies reviewed here, retraining faulty patterns, when present, appears to play a significant role in addressing patellofemoral pain. Therefore, movement retraining, while adhering to basic motor control principles, should be part of a therapist's intervention skillset when treating patients with PFP.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Dual tasking constitutes a large portion of most activities of daily living; in real-life situations, people need to not only maintain balance and mobility skills, but also perform other cognitive or motor tasks at the same time. Interest toward dual-task training (DTT) is increasing as traditional interventions may not prepare patients to adequately face the challenges of most activities of daily living. These usually involve simultaneous cognitive and motor tasks, and they often show a decline in performance. Cognitive-motor interference (CMI) has been investigated in different neurological populations, but limited evidence is present for people with multiple sclerosis (MS). The use of computerized tools is mandatory to allow the application of more standardized assessment and rehabilitation intervention protocols and easier implementation of multicenter and multilanguage studies. OBJECTIVE:To describe the design and development of CMI-APP, an adaptive and interactive technology tablet-based app, and to present the preliminary results of a multicenter pilot study involving people with MS performed in several European centers for evaluating the feasibility of and adherence to a rehabilitation program based on CMI-APP. METHODS:CMI-APP includes user-friendly interfaces for personal data input and management, assessment of CMI, and DTT. A dedicated team developed CMI-APP for Android tablets above API level 14 (version 4.0), using C# as the programming language and Unity and Visual Studio as development tools. Three cognitive assessment tests for working memory, information processing speed, and sustained attention and four motor assessment tests for walking at different difficulty levels were implemented. Dual cognitive-motor tasks were performed by combining single cognitive and motor tasks. CMI-APP implements exercises for DTT involving the following 12 cognitive functions: sustained attention, text comprehension, verbal fluency, auditory discrimination, visual discrimination, working memory, information processing speed, auditory memory, visual memory, verbal analog reasoning, visual analog reasoning, and visual spatial planning, which can be performed during walking or stepping on the spot. Fifteen people with MS (mean age 52.6, SD 8.6 years; mean disease duration 9.4, SD 8.4 years; mean Expanded Disability Status Scale score 3.6, SD 1.1) underwent DTT (20 sessions). Adherence to the rehabilitation program was evaluated according to the percentage of performed sessions, perceived exertion during the training (Borg 15-point Ratings of Perceived Exertion [RPE] Scale), and subjective experience of the training (Intrinsic Motivation Inventory [IMI]). RESULTS:The adherence rate was 91%. DTT was perceived as "somewhat difficult" (mean RPE Scale score 12.6, SD 1.9). IMI revealed that participants enjoyed the training and felt that it was valuable and, to some extent, important, without feelings of pressure. They felt competent, although they did not always feel they could choose the exercises, probably because the therapist chose the exercises and many exercises had few difficulty levels. CONCLUSIONS:CMI-APP is safe, highly usable, motivating, and well accepted for DTT by people with MS. The findings are fundamental for the preparation of future large-sample studies examining CMI and the effectiveness of DTT interventions with CMI-APP in people with MS.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Interventions designed to increase the level of physical activity are crucial in the treatment of patients with musculoskeletal conditions. The psychological group-based intervention MoVo-LISA based on the Motivation-Volition (MoVo) Process Model has been shown to effectively promote physical activity. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether a MoVo-based app (MoVo-App) subsequent to MoVo-LISA during orthopedic inpatient care can support people to increase and maintain their amount of physical activity. METHODS/DESIGN:In this parallel-group randomized controlled trial, patients with musculoskeletal disorders will be randomized to either (a) a combination of the group-based intervention program MoVo-LISA to promote physical activity plus the MoVo-App or (b) the group-based intervention program alone without the app. The intervention group will receive the MoVo-App after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation. They receive help to increase and maintain their level of physical activity (initiated by the group program) by tracking their health goals, activity plans, major barriers, and barrier management that were developed during the group-based program. We will recruit 224 initially minimally active participants during orthopedic rehabilitation care. Outcomes are assessed at clinic admission; discharge; 6 weeks; and 3 (post-treatment), 6, and 12 months after discharge (follow-up). The primary outcome is sport activity (active/inactive and minutes of activity) at 6-month follow-up. Secondary outcomes are movement activity, cognitive mediators of behavioral change (e.g., self-efficacy, action planning), and health-related variables (e.g., pain intensity, depression). To evaluate intervention effects, linear mixed effects models (both on intention-to-treat basis with an additional per-protocol analysis) will be conducted with each outcome variable and with time as the within-subjects factor and group as the between-subjects factor, along with all two-way interactions and accounting for covariates as fixed effects. DISCUSSION:This is the first evaluation of the effectiveness of an app in combination with a face-to-face group intervention to promote physical activity. The approach of using an app in addition to an effective face-to-face intervention program, both based on the MoVo model, might sustain positive intervention effects introduced in routine health care. TRIAL REGISTRATION:The trial "A group- and smartphone-based psychological intervention to increase physical activity in patients with musculoskeletal conditions: A randomized controlled trial" is registered at the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform via the German Clinical Studies Trial Register (DRKS), DRKS00014814. Registered on 18 October 2018; URL: https://www.drks.de/drks_web/navigate.do?navigationId=trial.HTML&TRIAL_ID=DRKS00014814.
Project description:Late recovery of consciousness in vegetative state is considered as an exceptional outcome and has been reported prevalently in patients who suffered a traumatic brain injury. In these patients, the benefits of prolonging the rehabilitation, aimed at the recovery of autonomy in basic everyday activities, has been demonstrated. Here, we describe the application of an intensive multi-professional rehabilitation program carried out on a young female patient, with exceptionally late recovery of consciousness, specifically, after 7?years of vegetative state due to severe brain hemorrhage. Neuropsychological and functional assessment was conducted before and after the end of the rehabilitation program. In addition, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)-based probabilistic tractography were performed. Two follow-up neuropsychological and functional assessments were also conducted 6 and 29?months after the conclusion of the program. Functional results showed an improvement, maintained over time, in walking with assistance, cognitive efficiency, visual acuity and visual field, dysarthria, and execution of activities of daily living. Moreover, functional and structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data documented the existence of preserved neural networks involved in sensory, motor, and linguistic tasks, which in all likelihood support the recovery process. This report suggests the possibility of undertaking an intensive rehabilitation program in patients who remain for long periods in altered states of consciousness, in spite of early negative prognosis.