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The pyrroloquinoline-quinone dependent pyranose dehydrogenase from Coprinopsis cinerea (CcPDH) drives lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase (LPMO) action.


ABSTRACT: Fungi secrete a set of glycoside hydrolases and oxidoreductases, including lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs), for the degradation of plant polysaccharides. LPMOs catalyze the oxidative cleavage of glycosidic bonds after activation by an external electron donor. So far, only flavin-dependent oxidoreductases (from the auxiliary activity family AA3) have been shown to activate LPMOs. Here we present LPMO activation by a pyrroloquinoline-quinone (PQQ)-dependent pyranose dehydrogenase (PDH) from Coprinopsis cinerea, CcPDH, the founding member of the recently discovered auxiliary activity family AA12. CcPDH contains a C-terminal family 1 carbohydrate binding module (CBM1), an N-terminal family AA8 cytochrome domain, and a central AA12 dehydrogenase domain. We have studied the ability of full length CcPDH and its truncated variants to drive catalysis by two Neurospora crassa LPMOs. The results show that CcPDH indeed can activate the C1-oxidizing NcLPMO9F and the C4-oxidizing NcLPMO9C, that this activation depends on the cytochrome domain, and that the dehydrogenase and the LPMO reactions are strongly coupled. The two tested CcPDH-LPMO systems showed quite different efficiencies and this difference disappeared upon addition of free PQQ acting as a diphenol/quinone redox mediator, showing that LPMOs differ when it comes to their direct interactions with the cytochrome domain. Surprisingly, removal of the CBM domain from CcPDH had a considerable negative impact on the efficiency of the CcPDH-LPMO systems, suggesting that electron transfer in the vicinity of the substrate is beneficial. CcPDH does not oxidize cello-oligosaccharides, which makes this enzyme a useful tool for studying cellulose-oxidizing LPMOs.IMPORTANCE Lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs) are currently receiving increasing attention because of their importance in degrading recalcitrant polysaccharides and their potential roles in biological processes such as bacterial virulence. LPMO action requires an external electron donor, and fungi growing on biomass secrete various so-called GMC oxidoreductases, including cellobiose dehydrogenase, which can donate electrons to LPMOs. This paper describes how an enzyme not belonging to the GMC oxidoreductase family, CcPDH, can activate LPMOs and provides new insights into the activation process by 1) describing the roles of individual CcPDH domains (a dehydrogenase, a cytochrome and a carbohydrate-binding domain), 2) showing that the PDH and LPMO enzyme reactions are strongly coupled, 3) demonstrating that LPMOs differ in terms of the efficiency of activation by the same activator, and 4) providing indications that electron transfer close to the substrate surface is beneficial for the overall efficiency of the CcPDH-LPMO system.

SUBMITTER: Varnai A 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5960967 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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