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Transcriptome of Xenopus andrei, an octoploid frog, during embryonic development.


ABSTRACT: Although polyploidy occurs throughout the fish and amphibian lineages, the Xenopus genus exhibits a high incidence of polyploidy, with 25 out of the 26 known species being polyploid. However, transcriptomic information is currently available for only one of these species, the tetraploid Xenopus laevis. Xenopus andrei, an octoploid species within the Xenopus genus, offers an opportunity for assessing a novel polyploid transcriptome during vertebrate development. RNA-Seq data was generated at nine different developmental stages ranging from unfertilized eggs through swimming tadpole stages and raw FASTQ files were deposited in the NCBI SRA database (accession number SRP134281). Additionally, RNA-seq data from all nine stages were pooled to create a de novo assembly of the transcriptome using Trinity and has been deposited in the NCBI GEO database (accession number GSE111639). To our knowledge, this represents the first published assembly of an octoploid vertebrate transcriptome. In total, 849?Mb were assembled, which led to the identification of 1,650,048 transcripts in the assembly with a contig N50 of 630 bases. This RNA-Seq and transcriptome data will be valuable for comparing polyploid transcriptomes across Xenopus species, as well as understanding evolutionary implications of whole-genome duplication and polyploidy in vertebrates.

SUBMITTER: Pownall ME 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5997840 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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