Relationship of genetic variant distributions of WW domain-containing oxidoreductase gene with uterine cervical cancer.
ABSTRACT: To our knowledge, no study investigates the association of genetic variant distributions of WW domain-containing oxidoreductase (WWOX) gene with development of invasive cancer, clinicopathologic variables and patient survival in uterine cervical cancer for Taiwanese women. We therefore conducted this study to explore the clinical involvements of WWOX single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in cervical cancer. One hundred and thirty-one patients with cervical invasive cancer and 93 patients with precancerous lesions as well as 316 control women were consecutively enrolled. The genotypic frequencies of WWOX genetic variants rs73569323, rs383362, rs11545028, rs3764340 and rs12918952 were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The results revealed that only WWOX SNP rs3764340 was associated between patients with cervical invasive cancer and normal controls among 5 WWOX genetic variants. Cervical cancer patients with genotypes GA/AA in WWOX SNP rs12918952 were associated with parametrium invasion and pelvic lymph node metastasis. Univariate analysis found that WWOX SNPs rs73569323 and rs11545028 were associated with patient survival, whereas multivariate analysis revealed CT/TT in rs11545028 was the only genetic variant, which could predict better overall survival, among 5 WWOX SNPs in Taiwan. In conclusion, Taiwanese women with CG/GG in WWOX SNP rs3764340 are susceptible to cervical invasive cancer. Cervical cancer patients with GA/AA in rs12918952 tend to have more risk to develop parametrium invasion and pelvic lymph node metastasis. Among 5 WWOX SNPs, rs11545028 is the only genetic variant associated with patient survival, in which CT/TT could predict better overall survival in Taiwanese women.
Project description:The purposes of the current study were conducted to explore the relationships among long non-coding RNA gene H19 (LncRNA H19) polymorphisms and clinicopathological characteristics of uterine cervical cancer, and patient prognosis in Taiwan. Five genetic variants of LncRNA H19 rs3024270, rs2839698, rs3741219, rs2107425 and rs217727 were recruited from one hundred and thirty-four patients with invasive cancer, 101 with high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) of uterine cervix and 325 controls and their genetic distributions were determined. It indicated no associations of these LncRNA H19 genetic variants with development of cervical cancer. CC/CT in LncRNA H19 rs2839698 exhibited less risk to have pelvic lymph node metastasis [Odds ratio (OR): 0.19, 95% Confidence interval (CI):0.04-0.82, p=0.028)], as compared with TT. Meanwhile, cervical cancer patients with AA/AG in rs3741219 also had less risk to develop pelvic lymph node metastasis (OR: 0.17, 95% CI: 0.05-0.63, p=0.008), large tumor (OR: 0.17, 95% CI: 0.04-0.82, p=0.014) as well as parametrium (OR: 0.26, 95% CI: 0.07-0.95, p=0.045) and vagina invasion (OR: 0.25, 95% CI: 0.07-0.91, p=0.041, as compared to those with GG. However, only positive pelvic lymph node metastasis was related to worse recurrence-free survival and poor overall survival. Conclusively, it indicated no association of LncRNA H19 SNPs with cervical carcinogensis in Taiwanese women. Although genotypes TT in LncRNA H19 rs2839698 and GG in rs3741219 are related to some poor clinicopathological parameters of cervical cancer, only pelvic lymph node status could predict 5 year patient survival significantly.
Project description:To date, few studies explore the involvement of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene variants in uterine cervical cancer. Therefore, we conducted this study to assess the clinical implication of eNOS in cervical carcinogenesis, clinicopathological characteristics and patient survival. One hundred and seventeen patients with cervical invasive cancer and 95 with preinvasive lesions and 330 control women were consecutively enrolled. Real time polymerase chain reaction was used to examine the genotypic distributions of eNOS single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs1799983 (894G>T) at the exon 7 region and rs2070744 (-786T>C) at the promoter region. Our results indicated no significant associations among genotypic distributions of eNOS SNPs and patients with cervical invasive cancer and those with preinvasive lesions as well as normal controls. However, cervical cancer patients with genotypes TC/CC in eNOS SNP rs2070744 carried less risk of advanced stage [odds ratios (OR) = 0.30, 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.09-0.97, p=0.036], parametrium invasion (OR=0.16, 95% CI=0.02-0.75, p=0.009) and pelvic lymph node metastasis (OR=0.12, 95% CI=0.01-0.89, p=0.016). In conclusion, although eNOS SNPs rs2070744 and rs1799983 do not display significant associations with cervical carcinogenesis and patient survival, cervical cancer patients with genotypes TC/CC in rs2070744 carry less risk of advanced stage, parametrium invasion and pelvic lymph node metastasis in Taiwan.
Project description:To date, few studies have explored the effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) in uterine cervical cancer. Therefore, we conducted this study to investigate the involvement of RAGE SNPs in cervical cancer. In total, 117 patients with cervical invasive cancer, 84 with precancerous lesions, and 320 normal women were recruited consecutively. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to examine the genotypic frequencies of RAGE SNPs. The results indicated that among the four RAGE SNPs, only the GT/TT genotype of rs184003 was distributed differently between patients with cervical neoplasias and the normal controls, with GG as a reference. Moreover, cervical cancer patients with genotypes TA/AA in rs1800624 exhibited a lower risk of parametrium invasion, moderate-to-poor cell differentiation, and pelvic lymph node metastasis. In conclusion, RAGE SNPs rs1800624 was associated with some clinicopathological variables in cervical cancer.
Project description:Up to date, no study explores the relationship of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of long non-coding RNAs HOTAIR (lncRNAs HOTAIR) with cancer recurrence and patient survival in uterine cervical cancer for Taiwanese women. We therefore designed this study to investigate the clinical roles of lncRNAs HOTAIR SNPs in cervical cancer. One hundred and sixteen patients with cervical invasive cancer and 96 patients with preinvasive lesions as well as 318 control women were consecutively recruited. LncRNAs HOTAIR SNPs rs920778, rs12427129, rs4759314 and rs1899663 were analyzed and their genotypic frequencies were examined by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The results indicated that there were no genotypic differences between patients with cervical neoplasia and normal controls as well as among patients with invasive and invasive cancer, and normal controls. However, genotype GG in lncRNAs HOTAIR SNP rs920778 was demonstrated to be a predictor for poorer cancer recurrence probability [p=0.001, hazard ratio (HR): 7.25, 95% CI: 2.19-23.96]. Furthermore, cervical cancer patients with genotype GG in lncRNAs HOTAIR rs920778 had worse overall survival (p =0.002, HR: 7.22, 95% CI: 2.09-24.92). No significant associations exhibited between lncRNAs HOTAIR SNP rs920778 and clinicopathological parameters. In conclusion, this studied lncRNAs HOTAIR SNPs are not associated with cervical carcinongensis. However, lncRNAs HOTAIR SNP rs920778 may be regarded as an independent predictor of cancer recurrence probability and overall survival in cervical cancer patients.
Project description:This study aimed to explore the involvement of carbonic anhydrase 9 (CA9) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the development of invasive cancer of uterine cervix for Taiwanese women. Ninety-seven patients with cervical invasive squamous cell carcinoma and 88 with preinvasive squamous cell lesions as well as 324 control women were recruited. Two CA9 SNPs in exons, including rs2071676 (+201, G/A) in exon 1 and rs3829078 (+1081, A/G) in exon 7, rs1048638 (+1584, C/A) in 3'-untranslated region of exon 11, as well as an 18-base pair deletion/insertion (376deltion393) in exon 1 were selected and their genotypic distributions were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Haplotype was then constructed with rs2071676, 376del393, rs3829078 and rs1048638 in order. The results revealed that Taiwanese women with genotypes CA or CA/AA in CA9 SNP rs1048638 displayed a more risk in developing cervical invasive cancer, assigning wild genotype CC as a reference. AA in SNP rs2071676 tended to increase the risk of developing cervical invasive cancer, using GG/GA as a reference. When women had the diplotypes, carrying at least one haplotype A1AA (one mutant allele A in rs2071676, no deletion in 376del393, no mutant allele A in rs3829078 and one mutant allele A in rs1048638), they were significantly susceptible to cervical invasive cancer. In conclusion, CA9 SNP rs1048638 and haplotype A1AA are associated with the susceptibility of cervical invasive squamous cell carcinoma for Taiwanese women.
Project description:Genetic epidemiological studies show that genetic factors contribute significantly to cervical cancer carcinogenesis. Several genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have revealed novel genetic variants associated with cervical cancer susceptibility. We aim to replicate 4 GWAS-identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), which were associated with invasive cervical cancer in Chinese women, in a Taiwanese population. The rs13117307 C/T, rs8067378 A/G, rs4282438 G/T, and rs9277952 A/G SNPs were genotyped in 507 women with cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) and 432 age/sex matched healthy controls by using TaqMan PCR Assay. Human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA test and typing were performed in CSCC patients. Only the rs4282438 SNP was found to be significantly associated (G allele, odds ratio [OR]?=?0.67, P?=?1.5?×?10-5). This protective association remained in HPV-16 positive CSCC subgroup (G allele, OR?=?0.60, P?=?1.2?×?10-5). In conclusion, our study confirms the association of rs4282438 SNP with CSCC in a Taiwanese population. However, larger sample sets of other ethnic groups are required to confirm these findings.
Project description:The objectives of this study were to define the associations among single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of metastasis-associated in colon cancer-1 (MACC1) gene, development and clinicopathological characteristics of uterine cervical cancer, and patient survival in Taiwan. Genotypic frequencies of 5 MACC1 SNPs rs975263, rs3095007, rs4721888, rs3735615 and rs1990172 were identified for 132 patients with invasive cancer, 99 with high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and 338 normal controls using real-time polymerase chain reaction. It revealed that there were no associations of these MACC1 SNPs with cervical carcinogenesis. In the meantime, cervical cancer patients with genotype GG in MACC1 SNP rs975263 tended to display more risk to have vaginal invasion than those with AA/AG (p=0.042, OR: 8.70, 95% CI: 0.81-433.22). In multivariate analysis, positive pelvic lymph node metastasis could significantly predict worse 5 years survival rate (p=0.001; HR=9.98, 95% CI=2.64-37.77) for cervical cancer patients. In conclusion, pelvic lymph node status rather than MACC1 SNPs was the only independent parameter that could significantly predict 5 years survival rate in Taiwanese women with cervical cancer.
Project description:This study aimed to investigate the relationships of chitinase 3-like 1 (CHI3L1) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and haplotypes with the development of uterine cervical cancer in Taiwanese women. The SNPs frequencies and haplotypes were also correlated with the clinicopathologic variables of cervical cancer, cancer recurrence, and patient survival.Ninety-nine patients with invasive cancer and 61 with pre-cancerous lesions of the uterine cervix were compared to 310 healthy control subjects. Three SNPs rs6691378 (-1371, G/A), rs10399805 (-247, G/A) and rs4950928 (-131, C/G) in the promoter region, and one SNP rs880633 (+2950, T/C) in exon 5 were analyzed by real time polymerase chain reaction and genotyping. The results showed that the mutant homozygous genotype AA of CHI3L1 SNP rs6691378 and AA of rs10399805, and haplotypes AACC and AACT increased the risk of developing pre-cancerous lesions and invasive cancer. The patients with these risk haplotypes had higher than stage I tumors, larger tumors, and vaginal invasion. In logistic regression model, they also tended to have poor survival event [p = 0.078; odds ratio (OR): 2.99, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.89-10.08] and a higher probability of recurrence event (p = 0.081; OR: 3.07, 95% CI: 0.87-10.81). There was a significant association between the CHI3L1 risk haplotypes and probability of recurrence (p = 0.002; hazard ratio: 6.21, 95% CI: 1.90-20.41), and a marginal association between the risk haplotypes and overall survival (p = 0.051; hazard ratio: 3.76, 95% CI: 0.99-14.29) in the patients with SCC, using Cox proportional hazard model.The CHI3L1 SNPs rs6691378 and rs10399805 and CHI3L1 haplotypes all correlated with the development of cervical pre-cancerous lesions and invasive cancer. The cervical cancer patients with the CHI3L1 haplotypes AACC or AACT had poor clinicopathologic characteristics and poor recurrence and survival events. These risk haplotypes were associated with higher recurrence, especially in the patients with SCC.
Project description:The purposes of this study were to examine whether there were associations among matrix metalloproteinase-11 (MMP-11) gene polymorphisms, development and clinicopathological characteristics of uterine cervical cancer as well as patient survival or not. Five single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the MMP-11 gene rs738791, rs738792, rs2267029, rs28382575, and rs131451 from one hundred and thirty patients with invasive cancer, 99 patients with high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) of uterine and 335 normal controls were analyzed using real-time polymerase chain reaction. Our results revealed that genotypic frequencies of CT/TT in MMP-11 SNP rs738791, with CC as a reference, tended to exhibit significantly different distributions (p=0.044, AOR: 0.63, 95% CI: 0.41-0.99) between patients with cervical invasive cancer and normal control women when controlling age. After multiple significance adjustment, the tendency becomes insignificant (Holm's adjusted p 0.176). Although CT/TT genotype of MMP-11 gene rs738791 tended to increase the risk of developing stage II disease at least (p=0.035; OR: 2.16, 95% CI: 1.05-4.44) and deep stromal invasion more than 10 mm (p=0.043; OR: 2.08, 95% CI: 1.02-4.26) with CC as a reference in patients with uterine cervical cancer. They became insignificant after multiple significance adjustment and the Holm's adjusted p values would become as 0.245 and 0.258, respectively. However, lymph node metastasis exhibited significant worse recurrence-free survival (p=0.033; HR: 2.83, 95% CI: 1.09-7.35), and overall survival (p=0.001; HR: 4.80, 95% CI: 1.82-12.62) compared to those without pelvic lymph node metastasis. In conclusion, it indicates no impact of the MMP-11 SNPs on uterine cervical cancer in Taiwanese women.
Project description:The purposes of this study were to associate the genetic polymorphisms in carbonic anhydrase (CA) 9 with uterine cervical cancer and identify the clinical implications. Three single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs2071676 (+201, G/A), rs3829078 (+1081, A/G), and rs1048638 (+1584, C/A), and an 18-base-pair deletion/insertion (376del393) in CA9 were examined. We used the Boyden chamber assay to evaluate the influence of CA9 on the migration of cervical cancers. Tissue microarrays were used to evaluate CAIX immunoreactivity and determine its clinical significance. The results revealed that the CA9 SNP rs1048638 is the only significant polymorphism that increases the risk of cervical cancer in Taiwanese women. We discovered that the CA9 SNP rs1048638 influences the expression of CA9 through the interaction between the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of exon 11, where the SNP is located, and miR-34a, and influences the migration of cervical cancer cells. Moreover, we demonstrated that CAIX immunoreactivity is related to the occurrence of cervical cancer, and elevated CAIX immunoreactivity is associated with a more advanced stage. In conclusion, the finding that the CA9 SNP rs1048638 exerts its action through duplexes of the miR-34a and CA9 3'-UTRs and plays a vital role in cervical cancer in Taiwanese women may be applicable to translational medicine.