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Mortality and years of life lost due to breast cancer attributable to physical inactivity in the Brazilian female population (1990-2015).


ABSTRACT: The aims of this study were as follows: to estimate the mortality and years of life lost, assessed by disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), due to breast cancer attributable to physical inactivity in Brazilian women; to compare the estimates attributable to physical inactivity and to other modifiable risk factors; and to analyse the temporal evolution of these estimates within Brazilian states over 25 years (1990-2015), compared with global estimates. Databases from the Global Burden of Disease Study for Brazil, Brazilian states, and other parts of the world were used. Physical inactivity has contributed to a substantial number of deaths (1990: 875; 2015: 2,075) and DALYs (1990: 28,089; 2015: 60,585) due to breast cancer in Brazil. Physical inactivity was responsible for more deaths and DALYs (~12.0%) due to breast cancer than other modifiable risk factors (~5.0%). The Brazilian states with better socioeconomic indicators had higher age-standardized rates of mortality and morbidity due to breast cancer attributable to physical inactivity. From 1990 to 2015, mortality due to breast cancer attributable to physical inactivity increased in Brazil (0.77%; 95%U.I.: 0.27-1.47) and decreased (-2.84%; 95%U.I.: -4.35 - -0.10) around the world. These findings support the promotion of physical activity in the Brazilian female population to prevent and manage breast cancer.

SUBMITTER: Silva DAS 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6057969 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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