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Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) Aminopeptidase N1 Is a Functional Receptor of the Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ca Toxin.

ABSTRACT: Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ca is toxic to different Spodoptera species. The aims of this work were to identify the Cry1Ca-binding proteins in S. frugiperda, to provide evidence on their participation in toxicity, and to identify the Cry1Ca amino acid residues involved in receptor binding. Pulldown assays using Spodoptera frugiperda brush border membrane vesicles (BBMV) identified aminopeptidase N (APN), APN1, and APN2 isoforms as Cry1Ca-binding proteins. Cry1Ca alanine substitutions in all residues of domain III ?16 were characterized. Two ?16 nontoxic mutants (V505A and S506A) showed a correlative defect on binding to the recombinant S. frugiperda APN1 (SfAPN1). Finally, silencing the expression of APN1 transcript, by double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) feeding, showed that silenced larvae are more tolerant of the Cry1Ca toxin, which induced less than 40% mortality in silenced larvae whereas nonsilenced larvae had 100% mortality. Overall, our results show that Cry1Ca relies on APN1 binding through domain III ?16 to impart toxicity to S. frugiperdaIMPORTANCEBacillus thuringiensis Cry toxins rely on receptor binding to exert toxicity. Cry1Ca is toxic to different populations of S. frugiperda, a major corn pest in America. Nevertheless, the S. frugiperda midgut proteins that are involved in Cry1Ca toxicity have not been identified. Here we identified aminopeptidase N1 (APN1) as a functional receptor of Cry1Ca. Moreover, we showed that Cry1Ca domain III ?16 is involved in APN1 binding. These results give insights on potential target sites for improving Cry1Ca toxicity to S. frugiperda.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6102985 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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