Unknown

Dataset Information

0

Tacrolimus Population Pharmacokinetics and Multiple CYP3A5 Genotypes in Black and White Renal Transplant Recipients.


ABSTRACT: Tacrolimus exhibits inter-patient pharmacokinetic variability attributed to CYP3A5 isoenzymes and the efflux transporter, P-glycoprotein. Most black renal transplant recipients require higher tacrolimus doses compared to whites to achieve similar troughs when race-adjusted recommendations are used. An established guideline provides tacrolimus genotype dosing recommendations based on CYP3A5*1(W/T) and loss of protein function variants: CYP3A5*3 (rs776746), CYP3A5*6 (rs10264272), CYP3A5*7 (rs41303343) and may provide more comprehensive race-adjusted dosing recommendations. Our objective was to develop a tacrolimus population pharmacokinetic model evaluating demographic, clinical, and genomic factors in stable black and white renal transplant recipients. A secondary objective investigated race-based tacrolimus regimens and genotype-specific dosing. Sixty-seven recipients receiving oral tacrolimus and mycophenolic acid ?6 months completed a 12-hour pharmacokinetic study. CYP3A5*3,*6,*7 and ABCB1 1236C>T, 2677G>T/A, 3435C>T polymorphisms were characterized. Patients were classified as extensive, intermediate, and poor metabolizers using a novel CYP3A5*3*6*7 metabolic composite. Modeling and simulation was performed with computer software (NONMEM 7.3, ICON Development Solutions; Ellicott City, Maryland). A 2-compartment model with first-order elimination and absorption with lag time best described the data. The CYP3A5*3*6*7 metabolic composite was significantly associated with tacrolimus clearance (P value < .05), which was faster in extensive (mean: 45.0 L/hr) and intermediate (29.5 L/hr) metabolizers than poor metabolizers (19.8 L/hr). Simulations support CYP3A5*3*6*7 genotype-based tacrolimus dosing to enhance general race-adjusted regimens, with dose increases of 1.5-fold and 2-fold, respectively, in intermediate and extensive metabolizers for comparable exposures to poor metabolizers. This model offers a novel approach to determine tacrolimus dosing adjustments that maintain comparable therapeutic exposure between black and white recipients with different CYP3A5 genotypes.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6105387 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

| S-EPMC4481158 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC7433713 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC4012056 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC7395655 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC5462973 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6709420 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC4594699 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC6692323 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC8669916 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC7431691 | BioStudies