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Repeated Intrastriatal Botulinum Neurotoxin-A Injection in Hemiparkinsonian Rats Increased the Beneficial Effect on Rotational Behavior.

ABSTRACT: Injection of botulinum neurotoxin-A (BoNT-A) into the striatum of hemiparkinsonian (hemi-PD) rats reduced apomorphine-induced rotation behavior significantly, for at least 3 months. Thereafter, rotation behavior increased again. We injected hemi-PD rats with 1 ng BoNT-A twice, the second injection following 6 months after the first one and tested the rats for apomorphine-induced rotations and spontaneous motor behaviors, i.e., corridor task and stepping test. To test the hypothesis that BoNT-A reduced striatal hypercholinism in hemi-PD rats, the acetylcholinesterase inhibitor donepezil was injected prior to separate apomorphine-induced rotation tests. In hemi-PD rats, the first BoNT-A injection led to a clear reduction of the apomorphine-induced rotations, and the second BoNT-A injection to a more massive and prolonged reaction. In hemi-PD rats whose apomorphine-induced rotation behavior was strongly reduced by an intrastriatal BoNT-A, subsequent donepezil injections led to significant increases of the rotation rate. Concerning corridor task and stepping test, neither first nor second BoNT-A injections changed hemi-PD rats' behavior significantly. The data give evidence for the possibility of repeated intrastriatal administrations of BoNT-A, for treatment of motor symptoms in experimental hemi-PD over a longer time.

SUBMITTER: Hawlitschka A 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6162461 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01T00:00:00Z


REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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