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Determinants of BCG scarification among children in rural Guinea-Bissau: A prospective cohort study.


ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination may have beneficial non-specific effects on child survival, the effects being stronger for children developing a scar. In a prospective cohort study, we examined determinants for not developing a BCG scar within 6 months of vaccination. METHODS:Bandim Health Project (BHP) runs a Health and Demographic Surveillance System site in rural Guinea-Bissau. BHP provides BCG at monthly visits. We studied determinants for not developing a BCG scar using binomial regression models to obtain relative risks (RR). RESULTS:From May 2012 until October 2014, BHP nurses vaccinated 2415 infants with BCG. We assessed BCG scar between 6 and 12 months of age for 2156 (89%) of these children and 2115 (98%) had developed a scar. In comparison, among 785 children BCG vaccinated elsewhere, 622 (79%) had a scar, the RR of not having a scar being 10.91 (7.52-15.85) compared with children vaccinated by BHP. Among children vaccinated by BHP, those receiving the Russian BCG strain were more likely not to develop a scar (RR = 2.98 (1.52-5.81)) compared with children receiving Danish BCG strain. Children with no post-injection wheal or a wheal <3 mm were more likely to not develop a scar (RR = 9.05 (3.69-22.20) and RR = 4.74 (1.96-11.45), respectively). Nutritional status and socioeconomic status were not associated with scarification. CONCLUSION:Vaccination technique and vaccine strain were associated with BCG scar development while nutritional status and socioeconomic status were not. Scarring rate may therefore be a better indicator of vaccination programme performance than coverage.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6284494 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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