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Porous Organic Frameworks: Advanced Materials in Analytical Chemistry.


ABSTRACT: Porous organic frameworks (POFs), a general term for covalent-organic frameworks (COFs), covalent triazine frameworks (CTFs), porous aromatic frameworks (PAFs), etc., are constructed from organic building monomers with strong covalent bonds and have generated great interest among researchers. The remarkable features, such as large surface areas, permanent porosity, high thermal and chemical stability, and convenient functionalization, promote the great potential of POFs in diverse applications. A critical overview of the important development in the design and synthesis of COFs, CTFs, and PAFs is provided and their state-of-the-art applications in analytical chemistry are discussed. POFs and their functional composites have been explored as advanced materials in "turn-off" or "turn-on" fluorescence detection and novel stationary phases for chromatographic separation, as well as a promising adsorbent for sample preparation methods. In addition, the prospects for the synthesis and utilization of POFs in analytical chemistry are also presented. These prospects can offer an outlook and reference for further study of the applications of POFs.

SUBMITTER: Zhang S 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6299720 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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