Overexpression of miR-758 inhibited proliferation, migration, invasion, and promoted apoptosis of non-small cell lung cancer cells by negatively regulating HMGB.
ABSTRACT: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the most fatal types of cancer with significant mortality and morbidity worldwide. MicroRNAs (miRs) have been confirmed to have positive functions in NSCLC. In the present study, we try to explore the role of miR-758 in proliferation, migration, invasion, and apoptosis of NSCLC cells by regulating high-mobility group box (HMGB) 3 (HMGB3.) NSCLC and adjacent tissues were collected. Reverse transcription quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was employed to detect expression of miR-758 and HMGB3 in NSCLC and adjacent tissues, in BEAS-2B cells and NSCLC cell lines. The targetted relationship between miR-758 and HMGB3 was identified by dual luciferase reporter gene assay. The effects of miR-758 on proliferation, migration, invasion, cell cycle, and apoptosis of A549 cells. MiR-758 expression was lower in NSCLC tissues, which was opposite to HMGB3 expression. The results also demonstrated that miR-758 can target HMGB3. The cells transfected with miR-758 mimic had decreased HMGB3 expression, proliferation, migration, and invasion, with more arrested cells in G1 phase and increased apoptosis. Our results supported that the overexpression of miR-758 inhibits proliferation, migration, and invasion, and promotes apoptosis of NSCLC cells by negative regulating HMGB2. The present study may provide a novel target for NSCLC treatment.
Project description:Objective:This study set out to probe into the effects of long non-coding RNA (LncRNA) differentiation antagonizing non-protein coding RNA (DANCR) on apoptosis and autophagy of breast cancer (BC) cells. Methods:The expression levels of DANCR, miR-758-3p and paired box 6 (PAX6) in BC tissues and cell lines were detected. The transcription and protein levels of PAX6, apoptosis-related factors (caspase-3, caspase-9, Bax/Bcl-2), and autophagy-related factors (LC3B, Atg5, Beclin-1) in BC cells were detected. The cell proliferation, apoptosis, autophagy and the regulatory relationship between genes and target genes were analyzed. Results:DANCR and PAX6 were up-regulated in BC tissues and cell lines, while miR-758-3p was opposite. Down-regulating DANCR inhibited the malignant proliferation of BC cells and also promoted apoptosis and autophagy, which showed that caspase-3, caspase-9, Bax/Bcl-2, LC3B, Atg5 transcription and protein levels increased, while Beclin-1 transcription and protein levels decreased. DANCR regulated miR-758-3p in a targeted manner, and its over-expression could weaken the anti-cancer effect of miR-758-3p on BC cells. In addition, miR-758-3p also directly targeted PAX6, and knocking down its expression could weaken the inhibitory effect of down-regulating PAK6 on BC cell apoptosis and autophagy. We also found that DANCR acted as a competitive endogenous RNA sponge miR-758-3p, thus regulating the PAX6 expression. Conclusion:DANCR-miR-758-3p-PAX6 molecular network plays a key regulatory role in BC cell apoptosis and autophagy, which may provide reference for treating patients.
Project description:Background:The high expression of circular RNA circEPSTI1 (hsa_circRNA_000479) has been reported to be associated with the malignant potential of ovarian cancer cells and triple-negative breast cancer cells. However, the expression profile and function of circEPSTI1 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are not fully addressed. Methods:Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was applied to measure the RNA expression of circEPSTI1, relevant microRNAs (miRNAs) and high mobility group box 3 (HMGB3) in NSCLC tissues and cells. Cell counting kit 8 (CCK8) assay, colony formation and transwell assays were conducted to detect the capacities of proliferation, colony formation and metastasis in NSCLC cells. Western blot assay was performed to detect the expression of metastasis-associated proteins and HMGB3. Animal experiment was carried out to confirm the function of circEPSTI1 in vivo. The combination between miR-145 and circEPSTI1 or HMGB3 was verified by dual-luciferase reporter assay, RNA pull-down and RIP assays. Results:CircEPSTI1 was abnormally up-regulated in NSCLC tissues and cells in comparison with that in normal tissues and cells. The high expression of circEPSTI1 was associated with the low survival rate of NSCLC patients. CircEPSTI1 accelerated the proliferation, colony formation and motility of NSCLC cells in vitro. CircEPSTI1 silencing restrained the NSCLC tumor growth in vivo. miR-145 was validated as a target of circEPSTI1 in NSCLC cells. HMGB3 was a direct downstream target of miR-145 in NSCLC cells. The decreased abilities of proliferation, colony formation and metastasis caused by the silencing of circEPSTI1 were reversed by the depletion of miR-145 or the accumulation of HMGB3 in NSCLC cells. Conclusion:CircEPSTI1 aggravated the progression of NSCLC through elevating the expression of HMGB3 via sponging miR-145.
Project description:Identifying targets of dysregulated microRNAs (miRNAs) will enhance our understanding of how altered miRNA expression contributes to the malignant phenotype of breast cancer. The expression of miR-205 was reduced in four breast cancer cell lines compared to the normal-like epithelial cell line MCF10A and in tumor and metastatic tissues compared to adjacent benign breast tissue. Two predicted binding sites for miR-205 were identified in the 3' untranslated region of the high mobility group box 3 gene, HMGB3. Both dual-luciferase reporter assay and Western blotting confirmed that miR-205 binds to and regulates HMGB3. To further explore miR-205 targeting of HMGB3, WST-1 proliferation and in vitro invasion assays were performed in MDA-MB-231 and BT549 cells transiently transfected with precursor miR-205 oligonucleotide or HMGB3 small interfering RNA (siRNA). Both treatments reduced the proliferation and invasion of the cancer cells. The mRNA and protein levels of HMGB3 were higher in the tumor compared to adjacent benign specimens and there was an indirect correlation between the expression of HMGB3 mRNA and patient survival. Treatment of breast cancer cells with 5-Aza/TSA derepressed miR-205 and reduced HMGB3 mRNA while knockdown of the transcriptional repressor NRSF/REST, reduced miR-205 and increased HMGB3. In conclusion, regulation of HMGB3 by miR-205 reduced both proliferation and invasion of breast cancer cells. Our findings suggest that modulating miR-205 and/or targeting HMGB3 are potential therapies for advanced breast cancer.
Project description:Exosomes are small endogenous membrane vesicles that can mediate cell communication by transferring genetic materials. Based on that, exosomes have always been discussed as a cargo carrier for microRNA (miRNA) transportation. Accumulating data have reported the inhibitory effects of microRNA-193a (miR-193a) on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell progression. However, the mechanisms of miR-193a delivery to cancer cells and miR-193a in exosomes have not been explored clearly in NSCLC. Given that, this work aims to decode exosomal miR-193a in cisplatin (DDP) resistance of NSCLC cells. A549 and H1299 cell lines were screened out and their parent cells and drug-resistant cells were co-cultured with human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs)-derived exosomes (BMSC-Exo) that had been transfected with miR-193a mimic or si-LRRC1 to detect the colony formation, migration, apoptosis, invasion and proliferation of NSCLC cells. In vivo experiment was conducted to verify the in vitro results. BMSC-Exo with upregulated miR-193a and downregulated LRRC1 suppressed colony formation, invasion, proliferation and migration as well as advanced apoptosis of NSCLC parent cells and drug-resistant cells. BMSC-Exo combined with upregulated miR-193a reduced tumor volume and weight in mice with NSCLC. Functional studies report that BMSC-Exo shuffle miR-193a to suppress the colony formation, invasion, migration, and proliferation as well as advance apoptosis of NSCLC DDP-resistant cells via downregulating LRRC1.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to be important regulators in pathogenesis of human cancers, including nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Here, we mainly aimed to explore the mechanisms of LncRNA-SNHG5/ miR-1179/HMGB3 axis in NPC progression. METHODS:RT-qPCR and Western blot analysis were employed to detect mRNA and protein expressions. CCK-8, Transwell and dual luciferase reporter assays were applied to investigate functions of LncRNA-SNHG5/miR-1179/HMGB3 axis. RESULTS:Upregulation of lncRNA-SNHG5 and downregulation of miR-1179 were identified in NPC, which were associated with adverse clinical outcomes. Functionally, upregulation of lncRNA-SNHG5 and downregulation of miR-1179 accelerated NPC cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Furthermore, lncRNA-SNHG5 acted as a molecular sponge of miR-1179 in NPC. Besides that, upregulation of HMGB3 was found in NPC, and knockdown of HMGB3 restrained NPC progression. Moreover, HMGB3, a target of miR-1179, regulated NPC progression by mediating LncRNA-SNHG5/miR-1179 axis. CONCLUSION:LncRNA SNHG5 serves as a tumor promoter in NPC by sponging miR-1179 and upregulating HMGB3.
Project description:Non?small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a leading subtype of lung cancer, with high mortality rates. Recently, long non?coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been associated with NSCLC. The present study aimed to examine the role of the TP73 antisense RNA 1 (TP73?AS1) lncRNA in NSCLC. TP73?AS1 and microRNA(miR)?34a?5p expression levels were measured using reverse transcription?quantitative PCR (RT?qPCR) and chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH). Cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion was determined using Cell Counting Kit?8 (CCK?8), flow cytometry, Transwell and Matrigel assays, respectively. The median inhibitory concentration (IC50) value of cisplatin (cis?diamminedichloroplatinum; DDP) was assessed using a CCK?8 assay. The interaction between miR?34a?5p and TP73?AS1 or tripartite motif?containing 29 (TRIM29) was predicted using microRNA.org and Starbase, then verified using a dual?luciferase reporter assay. The expression of TRIM29 was quantified at the mRNA and protein level using RT?qPCR and western blot analysis, respectively. TP73?AS1 was significantly upregulated, while miR?34a?5p was downregulated in NSCLC tissues and cells. Functionally, TP73?AS1 knockdown inhibited proliferation, migration, invasion and DDP resistance, whilst inducing apoptosis in NSCLC cells. miR?34a?5p was identified as a target for TP73?AS1, and its inhibition reversed the effects of TP73?AS1 knockdown on NSCLC cells. In addition, TRIM29 was targeted by miR?34a?5p, and its overexpression reversed the effects of miR?34a?5p. Moreover, TP73?AS1 acted as a molecular sponge for miR?34a?5p, increasing the expression of TRIM29. In conclusion, TP73?AS1 contributed to proliferation, migration and DDP resistance but inhibited apoptosis of NSCLC cells by upregulating TRIM29 and sponging miR?34a?5p.
Project description:Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a class of endogenous noncoding RNAs that are demonstrated to be potent regulators in the development of various types of human cancers, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In the present study, the level of circRNA-HIPK3 were measured by Taq-man based quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis in both NSCLC patient specimens and cells, which showed that circRNA-HIPK3 was upregulated in both NSCLC tissues and cell lines. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), migration and flow-cytometry assays indicated that circRNA-HIPK3 participated in the regulation of the proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis of NSCLC cells. MiR-193a expression was increased by circHIPK3 silencing. We then showed that miR-149 interacts with FOXM1 by binding to the 3'-untranslated region (UTR). Further, ectopic overexpression of miR-149 by transfecting miR-149 mimics significantly inhibited growth, migration and invasion of HSCLCs, which was found to be mediated through FOXM1. Moreover, miR-149 overexpression decreases the viability and proliferation of HSCLCs. Therefore, our data suggest that circHIPK3 regulates the function of NSCLCs through miR-149-mediated FOXM1 expression regulation, potentially providing a novel insight into the pathogenesis of NSCLC.
Project description:Purpose:Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the largest type of lung cancer (LC) with a higher mortality rate. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been shown to play an important role in cancer progression. Therefore, this study was to explore the function of hsa_circ_0043265 in NSCLC. Methods:The expression levels of hsa_circ_0043265, microRNA-25-3p (miR-25-3p) and forkhead box P2 (FOXP2) were determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Ribonuclease R (RNase R) and Actinomycin D (ActD) were used to verify the authenticity and stability of hsa_circ_0043265. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), flow cytometry and transwell assays were used to evaluate the abilities of proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of NSCLC cells. Also, Western blot (WB) analysis was performed to assess the levels of apoptosis, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and proliferation-related proteins and FOXP2 protein. RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) and dual-luciferase reporter assays were used to verify the interaction between miR-25-3p and hsa_circ_0043265 or FOXP2. Besides, mice xenograft models were constructed to confirm the effect of hsa_circ_0043265 on NSCLC tumor growth in vivo. Results:Hsa_circ_0043265 was lowly expressed in NSCLC tissues and cells, and its overexpression inhibited the proliferation, migration, invasion and EMT process, while improved the apoptosis of NSCLC cells. MiR-25-3p could be sponged by hsa_circ_0043265, and its overexpression could invert the suppression effect of overexpressed-hsa_circ_0043265 on NSCLC progression. Moreover, FOXP2 was a target of miR-25-3p, and its silencing also could reverse the inhibition effect of overexpressed-hsa_circ_0043265 on NSCLC progression. In addition, hsa_circ_0043265 overexpression reduced the tumor growth of NSCLC in vivo. Conclusion:Hsa_circ_0043265 could sponge miR-25-3p to improve FOXP2 expression, thereby inhibiting NSCLC progression. This study showed that hsa_circ_0043265 could be a potential biomarker for early diagnosis of NSCLC.
Project description:BACKGROUND:The Ecotropic viral integration site 5 (EVI5), an important protein in regulating cell cycle, cytokinesis and cellular membrane traffic, functions as a stabilizing factor maintaining anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) inhibitor Emi1 in S/G2 phase. However, the mechanism by which EVI5 promotes malignant transformation of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains unknown. In the present study, we addressed the role of EVI5 in NSCLC by regulating tumor growth, migration and invasion. METHODS:The expression levels of EVI5 and miR-486-5p in NSCLC tissues and cells were measured by real-time PCR. Meanwhile, EVI5 and its associated protein expression were analyzed by western blot and co-immunoprecipitation assay. Flow cytometry was performed to determine cell proliferation and apoptosis. CCK-8 and clonogenic assays were used to analyze cell viability. Wound healing, transwell migration and matrigel invasion assays were utilized to assess the motility of tumor cells. To investigate the role of EVI5 in vivo, lung carcinoma xenograft mouse model was applied.. RESULTS:EVI5 was upregulated in NSCLC tissues and cell lines when compared with that in normal tissues and cell line. Knockdown of EVI5 in vitro inhibited tumor cell proliferation, migration and invasion in NSCLC cells. Further, inoculation of EVI5-deficient tumor cells into nude mice suppressed tumor proliferation and metastasis compared to control mice inoculated with unmanipulated tumor cells. These data indicated that EVI5 promote the proliferation of NSCLC cells which was consistent with our previous results. Additionally, we showed that EVI5 was directly regulated by miR-486-5p, and miR-486-5p-EVI5 axis affected the NSCLC migration and invasion through TGF-?/Smad signaling pathway by interacting with TGF-? receptor II and TGF-? receptor I. CONCLUSIONS:Based on these results, we demonstrated a new post-transcriptional mechanism of EVI5 regulation via miR-486-5p and the protumoral function of EVI5 in NSCLC by interacting with Emi1 and/or TGF-? receptors, which provides a new insight into the targeted therapy of NSCLC.
Project description:The ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) is a major regulator of macrophage cholesterol efflux and protects cells from excess intracellular cholesterol accumulation; however, the mechanism involved in posttranscriptional regulation of ABCA1 is poorly understood. We previously showed that microRNA-33 (miR-33) is 1 regulator. Here, we investigated the potential contribution of other microRNAs (miRNAs) to posttranscriptional regulation of ABCA1 and macrophage cholesterol efflux.We performed a bioinformatic analysis for identifying miRNA target prediction sites in ABCA1 gene and an unbiased genome-wide screen to identify miRNAs modulated by cholesterol excess in mouse peritoneal macrophages. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction confirmed that miR-758 is repressed in cholesterol-loaded macrophages. Under physiological conditions, high dietary fat excess in mice repressed miR-758 both in peritoneal macrophages and, to a lesser extent, in the liver. In mouse and human cells in vitro, miR-758 repressed the expression of ABCA1, and conversely, the inhibition of this miRNA by using anti-miR-758 increased ABCA1 expression. In mouse cells, miR-758 reduced cellular cholesterol efflux to apolipoprotein A1 (apoA1), and anti-miR-758 increased it. miR-758 directly targets the 3'-untranslated region of Abca1 as assessed by 3'-untranslated region luciferase reporter assays. Interestingly, miR-758 is highly expressed in the brain, where it also targets several genes involved in neurological functions, including Slc38a1, Ntm, Epha7, and Mytl1.We identified miR-758 as a novel miRNA that posttranscriptionally controls ABCA1 levels in different cells and regulates macrophage cellular cholesterol efflux to apoA1, opening new avenues to increase apoA1 and raise high-density lipoprotein levels.