Comparison of the modified Collard and hand-sewn anastomosis for cervical esophagogastric anastomosis after esophagectomy in esophageal cancer patients: A propensity score-matched analysis.
ABSTRACT: Background:Several studies have reported that modified Collard anastomosis is useful for cervical anastomosis after esophagectomy for thoracic esophageal cancer. However, no large-scale study has confirmed the efficacy of the modified Collard anastomosis. Methods:Between 2008 and 2016, 398 consecutive esophageal cancer patients who underwent esophagectomy and cervical anastomosis were enrolled in this study. Patients with a short remnant cervical esophagus were excluded. We investigated the utility of the modified Collard anastomosis by comparing the results of postoperative complications using a propensity score-matched analysis between the hand-sewn method (HS) and the modified Collard anastomosis (MC) for esophagogastric anastomosis of the neck after esophagectomy in thoracic esophageal cancer patients. Results:Of the 398 patients, 127 were included in the MC group and 127 were included in the HS group after propensity score matching. Clinical characteristics did not differ between the two groups. Frequency of anastomotic leakage tended to be lower in the MC group than in the HS group (3% vs. 7%, P = 0.127). Frequency of anastomotic stenosis was significantly lower in the MC group than in the HS group (13% vs. 59%, P < 0.001). Multivariate logic analysis showed that anastomotic technique (HS) and performance status were independent factors associated with anastomotic stenosis (odds ratio, 12.24 and 2.52; P-value <0.001 and 0.047, respectively). Conclusion:In cervical esophagogastric anastomosis after esophagectomy, the modified Collard anastomosis is more suitable than hand-sewn anastomosis in terms of reducing the frequency of anastomotic stenosis.
Project description:BACKGROUND:According to previously published studies, esophagectomy with modified Collard anastomosis has been reported to have low incidences of anastomotic leak and stricture. However, the optional anastomotic method after esophagectomy is still controversial. We conducted this study to compare the incidence of postoperative anastomotic stricture formation and dysphagia over three years after an esophagectomy with modified Collard anastomosis (MC) or end-to-side (ETS) hand-sewn anastomosis. Meanwhile, the early postoperative anastomotic leakage and other complications, hospital stay and 30- and 90-day mortality were also evaluated. METHODS:The clinical data of 905 patients undergoing McKeown esophagectomy were retrospectively reviewed. The rate of postoperative stricture formation after three years was demonstrated by stricture-free survival which is the primary end-point of this study. The incidence of dysphagia, first time of onset of stricture and number of dilatations were also recorded during follow-up. RESULTS:The incidence of anastomotic leak tended to be higher in the MC group compared with that in the ETS group (13.0% vs. 8.7%, P = 0.064). The rates of anastomotic stricture in the MC group were significantly less than in the ETS group (P =?0.004). The number of dilatations in the MC group were significantly greater than those in the ETS group (2.34 vs. 2.46, P = 0.011). CONCLUSIONS:A modified Collard cervical esophagogastric anastomosis was associated with lower rates of anastomotic stricture and dysphagia, compared with ETS hand-sewn anastomosis. However, the modified Collard anastomosis is accompanied by an increased anastomotic leakage rate.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Several studies have reported that the triangulating stapling method decreases the incidence of anastomotic stricture after esophagectomy. Our previous randomized controlled trial, however, could not confirm the superiority of the triangulating stapling (TS) method over the circular stapling (CS) method in terms of postoperative anastomotic stricture rate. Recently, the functional end-to-end stapling (FEES) method for cervical anastomosis after esophagectomy was developed, and lower anastomotic stricture rates with FEES have been reported than for our previously experienced anastomotic methods. To investigate the optimal anastomotic method, we now compare the TS method with the FEES method for cervical anastomosis regarding decrease in anastomotic stricture after esophagectomy for thoracic esophageal cancer. METHODS:This is a randomized, single-center clinical trial designed to examine the superiority of the FEES method over the TS method for esophageal cancer patients. The primary endpoint is reduction of anastomotic stricture of cervical esophagogastric anastomosis within 12?months after esophagectomy. Secondary endpoints include overall postoperative morbidity within the first 12?months after esophagectomy, incidence of anastomotic leakage, aspiration pneumonia, or reflux esophagitis, and quality of life assessment as measured by the FACT-E at 12?months after esophagectomy. The incidence rate of anastomotic stricture of the TS method was 20% and this rate of the FEES method was estimated to be 4% in our preliminary study. We calculated sample size with a beta error of 0.20 and an alpha error of 0.05. We have been enrolling 125 patients in this trial to either the TS group or the FEES group since January 2017. DISCUSSION:This study should help to define the optimal anastomotic method for cervical esophagogastric anastomosis after esophagectomy in patients with esophageal cancer. The FEES method, if proven to be superior to the TS method, can be implemented routinely for esophageal cancer patients with gastric-conduit reconstruction after esophagectomy. TRIAL REGISTRATION:University Hospital Medical Information Network Clinical Trial Registry ( UMIN 000025632 ). Registered on 13 January 2017.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Esophagectomy with extended lymphadenectomy remains the mainstay of treatment for localized esophageal cancer. Currently, transthoracic and abdominal esophagectomy with cervical anastomosis (McKeown esophagectomy) is a frequently used technique in Japan. However, cervical anastomosis is still an invasive procedure with a high incidence of anastomotic leakage. The use of a drainage tube to treat anastomotic leakage is effective, but the routine placement of a closed suction drain around the anastomosis at the end of the operation remains controversial. The objective of this study is to evaluate the postoperative anastomotic leakage rate, duration to oral intake, hospital stay, and analgesic use with nonplacement of a cervical drainage tube as an alternative to placement of a cervical drainage tube. METHODS:This is an investigator-initiated, investigator-driven, open-label, randomized controlled parallel-group, noninferiority trial. All adult patients (aged??20 and??85?years) with histologically proven, surgically resectable (cT1-3?N0-3 M0) squamous cell carcinoma, adenosquamous cell carcinoma, or basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the intrathoracic esophagus, and European Clinical Oncology Group performance status 0, 1, or 2 are assessed for eligibility. Patients (n?=?110) with resectable esophageal cancer who provide informed consent in the outpatient clinic are randomized to either nonplacement of a cervical drainage tube (n?=?55) or placement of a cervical drainage tube (n?=?55). The primary outcome is the percentage of Clavien-Dindo grade 2 or higher anastomotic leakage. DISCUSSION:This is the first randomized controlled trial comparing nonplacement versus placement of a cervical drainage tube during McKeown esophagectomy with regards to the usefulness of a drain for anastomotic leakage. If our hypothesis is correct, nonplacement of a cervical drainage tube will be recommended because it is associated with a similar anastomotic leakage rate but less pain than placement of a cervical drainage tube. TRIAL REGISTRATION:UMIN-CTR, 000031244. Registered on 1 May 2018.
Project description:INTRODUCTION:Esophagectomy is a challenging procedure associated with considerable morbidity. Previous pulmonary diseases, such as histoplasmosis fungal infection, may interfere in operative and postoperative outcomes after esophagectomy. Anastomotic leakage is one of the most feared complications after esophagectomy. However, new therapies developed such as vacuum procedure and esophageal prosthesis have been provenly beneficial. PRESENTATION OF CASE:We present a case with squamous cell carcinoma of the mid esophagus portion on a young patient with a pulmonary histoplasmosis history. After a multidisciplinary board, the patient underwent transhiatal esophagectomy with gastric-pull up and cervical anastomosis due to pulmonary disease. The patient later developed an anastomotic leak with mediastinal abscess. We describe this complication's management via an endoscopic vacuum system, esophageal prosthesis, and exhibit a video illustrating the technique. DISCUSSION:We illustrate the management of esophageal cancer associated with previous pulmonary disease. Histoplasmosis may misunderstand the esophageal cancer staging, and it can contribute to anastomotic leakage occurrence. An endoscopic vacuum system is an excellent tool for treating esophagogastric anastomosis fistula after esophagectomy, even when the drainage is accumulated in the mediastinum. The esophageal prosthesis may be used after mediastinal abscess resolution. CONCLUSION:Treatment of the association of esophageal cancer and histoplasmosis is feasible. However, care should be taken to avoid highly potential postoperative complications.
Project description:The main obstacle of fast track surgery for esophagectomy is early oral feeding. The main concern of early oral feeding is the possibility of increasing the incidence of anastomotic leakage. Dr. Yin Li used the Li's anastomosis to ensure oral feeding at will the first day after esophagectomy. This safe and efficient anastomosis method significantly reduced the anastomotic leak rate, the number of post-operative days and stricture. Importantly, the "non-tube no fasting" fast track program for esophageal cancer patients was conducted smoothly with Li's anastomosis. This article was focused on the surgical procedure of Li's anastomosis.
Project description:Vascular anastomosis is the highlight of cardiovascular, transplant, and reconstructive surgery, which has long been performed by hand using a needle and suture. However, anastomotic thrombosis occurs in approximately 0.5-10% of cases, which can cause serious complications. To improve the surgical outcomes, attempts to develop devices for vascular anastomosis have been made, but they have had limitations in handling, cost, patency rate, and strength at the anastomotic site. Recently, indwelling metal stents have been greatly improved with precise laser metalwork through programming technology. In the present study, we designed a bare metal stent, Microstent, that was constructed by laser machining of a shape-memory alloy, NiTi. An end-to-end microvascular anastomosis was performed in SD rats by placing the Microstent at the anastomotic site and gluing the junction. The operation time for the anastomosis was significantly shortened using Microstent. Thrombus formation, patency rate, and blood vessel strength in the Microstent anastomosis were superior or comparable to hand-sewn anastomosis. The results demonstrated the safety and effectiveness, as well as the operability, of the new method, suggesting its great benefit for surgeons by simplifying the technique for microvascular anastomosis.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Delta-shaped anastomosis is a common method of intracorporeal gastroduodenostomy in totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy. One common postoperative complication of this procedure is anastomotic stenosis, and endoscopic balloon dilatation is a major remedy for such complications. Other treatment strategies are necessary to manage unsuccessful endoscopic balloon dilatation. CASE PRESENTATION:We present a case where systemic steroid treatment was applied in sustained anastomotic stenosis after endoscopic balloon dilatation. We performed delta-shaped anastomosis in laparoscopic distal gastrectomy to treat early-stage gastric cancer in a patient. The patient experienced abdominal pain post-surgery; subsequent investigation revealed edematous anastomotic stenosis. The stenosis sustained even after endoscopic balloon dilatation and local steroid injection. Consequently, we applied systemic steroid treatment. CONCLUSION:Systemic steroid treatment improved the stenosis and no recurrence was observed. These results suggest that systemic steroid application could be useful to treat anastomotic stenosis.
Project description:Arteriovenous hemodialysis graft (AVG) stenosis results in thrombosis and AVG failure, and develops chiefly as a consequence of neotinimal hyperplasia (NH) formation in the graft-venous anastomosis region. Of note, the juxta-anastomotic vein regions are relatively resistant to NH. AVG stenosis has not been resolved partly due to our limited understanding of the molecular processes involved in the pathophysiology. We hypothesized that the gene expression profiles of the NH prone and NH-resistant regions will be different after graft placement, and analysis of their genomic profiles may yield therapeutic targets to address AVG stenosis. To test this hypothesis we evaluated the global genomic profiles of the graft-venous anastomosis (NH-prone) and juxta-anastomotic (NH-resistant) vein regions in a porcine model of AVG stenosis using a porcine microarray. Gene expression changes in these two distinct vein regions, relative to the gene expression in un-operated veins, were examined at an early (5 days) and later (14 days) time period following graft placement. Global genomic changes were much greater in the NH-prone region than in the NH-resistant region at both time points. In the NH-prone region, genes related to regulation of cell proliferation and osteo/chondrogenic vascular remodeling were most enriched among the significantly up-regulated genes at day 5 and day 14, respectively. At both time points, genes related to muscle phenotype were significantly down-regulated. These results provide insights into the spatial and temporal genomic modulation underlying NH formation in AVG, and suggest potential therapeutic strategies to prevent and/or limit AVG stenosis. Overall design: Gene expression in a porcine model of arteriovenous hemodialysis graft stenosis was measured at 5 and 14 days after graft placement in four independent experiments, using different biological replicates for each experiment. Measurements were taken at the anastomosis, downstream of the anastomosis, and from the external jugular vein as a control.
Project description:To investigate the characteristics and predictors for anastomotic leakage after oesophagectomy for oesophageal carcinoma from the perspective of anastomotic level.Retrospective cohort study.A single tertiary medical centre in China.From January 2010 to December 2016, all patients with oesophageal cancer of the distal oesophagus or gastro-oesophageal junction undergoing elective oesophagectomy with a curative intent for oesophageal carcinoma with intrathoracic oesophagogastric anastomosis (IOA) versus cervical oesophagogastric anastomosis (COA) were included. We investigated anastomotic level and perioperative confounding factors as potential risk factors for postoperative leakage by univariate and multivariate logistic regression.The primary outcome was the odds of anastomotic leakage by different confounding factors. Secondary outcome was the association of IOA versus COA with other postoperative outcomes.Of 458 patients included, 126 underwent cervical anastomosis and 332 underwent intrathoracic anastomosis. Anastomotic leakage developed in 55 patients (12.0%), with no statistical differences between COA and IOA (16.6% vs 10.2%; p=0.058). Multivariable analysis identified active diabetes mellitus (OR 2.001, p=0.047), surgical procedure (open: reference; minimally invasive: OR 1.770, p=0.049) and anastomotic method (semimechanical: reference; stapled: OR 1.821; handsewn: OR 2.271, p=0.048) rather than anastomotic level (IOA: reference; COA: OR 1.622, p=0.110) were independent predictors of leakage.Surgical and anastomotic techniques rather than the level of anastomotic site were independent predictors of postoperative anastomotic leakage in patients undergoing oesophageal cancer surgery.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Esophagectomy is a pivotal curative modality for localized esophageal or esophagogastric junction cancer (EC or EJC). Postoperative anastomotic leakage (AL) remains problematic. The use of fibrin sealant (FS) may improve the strength of esophageal anastomosis and reduce the incidence of AL. AIM:To assess the efficacy and safety of applying FS to prevent AL in patients with EC or EJC. METHODS:In this single-arm, phase II trial (Clinicaltrial.gov identifier: NCT03529266), we recruited patients aged 18-80 years with resectable EC or EJC clinically staged as T1-4aN0-3M0. An open or minimally invasive McKeown esophagectomy was performed with a circular stapled anastomosis. After performing the anastomosis, 2.5 mL of porcine FS was applied circumferentially. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with AL within 3 mo. RESULTS:From June 4, 2018, to December 29, 2018, 57 patients were enrolled. At the data cutoff date (June 30, 2019), three (5.3%) of the 57 patients had developed AL, including two (3.5%) with esophagogastric AL and one (1.8%) with gastric fistula. The incidence of anastomotic stricture and other major postoperative complications was 1.8% and 17.5%, respectively. The median time needed to resume oral feeding after operation was 8 d (Interquartile range: 7.0-9.0 d). No adverse events related to FS were recorded. No deaths occurred within 90 d after surgery. CONCLUSION:Perioperative sealing with porcine FS appears safe and may prevent AL after esophagectomy in patients with resectable EC or EJC. Further phase III studies are warranted.