Unknown

Dataset Information

0

DNA methylation dynamics in the germline of the marsupial tammar wallaby, Macropus eugenii.


ABSTRACT: Parent specific-DNA methylation is the genomic imprint that induces mono-allelic gene expression dependent on parental origin. Resetting of DNA methylation in the germ line is mediated by a genome-wide re-methylation following demethylation known as epigenetic reprogramming. Most of our understanding of epigenetic reprogramming in germ cells is based on studies in mice, but little is known about this in marsupials. We examined genome-wide changes in DNA methylation levels by measuring 5-methylcytosine expression, and mRNA expression and protein localization of the key enzyme DNA methyltransferase 3 L (DNMT3L) during germ cell development of the marsupial tammar wallaby, Macropus eugenii. Our data clearly showed that the relative timing of genome-wide changes in DNA methylation was conserved between the tammar and mouse, but in the tammar it all occurred post-natally. In the female tammar, genome-wide demethylation occurred in two phases, I and II, suggesting that there is an unidentified demethylation mechanism in this species. Although the localization pattern of DNMT3L in male germ cells differed, the expression patterns of DNMT3L were broadly conserved between tammar, mouse and human. Thus, the basic mechanisms of DNA methylation-reprogramming must have been established before the marsupial-eutherian mammal divergence over 160 Mya.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6379045 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

| S-EPMC552976 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC3528851 | BioStudies
| E-GEOD-42923 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC3765959 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC4534369 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC3252278 | BioStudies
| E-GEOD-19960 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC3051914 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC5886458 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC2965733 | BioStudies