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Accidental intoxications in toddlers: lack of cross-reactivity of vilazodone and its urinary metabolite M17 with drug of abuse screening immunoassays.


ABSTRACT: Background:Vilazodone is an FDA approved medication used to treat major depressive disorder. The authors describe two cases of accidental vilazodone exposure in toddlers who presented with symptoms similar to amphetamine exposure and also with unexplained positive amphetamine urine immunoassay drug screens. Given a lack of published data on cross-reactivity of vilazodone and its metabolites with drug of abuse screening tests, the authors investigated drug of abuse immunoassay cross-reactivity of vilazodone and metabolites using computational and empirical approaches. Methods:To ascertain the likelihood that vilazodone would cross-react with drug of abuse screening immunoassays, the authors assessed the two-dimensional (2D) similarity of the vilazodone parent molecule and known metabolites to an array of antigenic targets for urine immunoassay drug screens. To facilitate studies of the commercially unavailable M17 metabolite, it was prepared synthetically through a novel scheme. Urine and serum were spiked with vilazodone and M17 into urine (200-100,000 ng/mL) and serum (20-2000 ng/mL) samples and tested for cross-reactivity. Results:Computational analysis using 2D similarity showed that vilazodone and metabolites have generally low similarity to antigenic targets of common drug of abuse screening immunoassays, predicting weak or no cross-reactivity. The M17 metabolite had 2D similarity to amphetamines and tricyclic antidepressants in a range similar to some other compounds exhibiting weak cross-reactivity on these immunoassays. Cross-reactivity testing was therefore performed on two different urine amphetamines immunoassays and a serum tricyclic antidepressant immunoassay. However, actual testing of cross reactivity for vilazodone and the M17 metabolite did not detect cross-reactivity for any urine amphetamines screen at concentrations up to 100,000 ng/mL and for a serum tricyclic antidepressants assays at concentrations up to 2000 ng/mL. Conclusion:While the vilazodone metabolite M17 has weak 2D structural similarity to amphetamines and tricyclic antidepressants, the current study did not demonstrate any experimental cross-reactivity with two different urine amphetamines immunoassays and a serum tricyclic antidepressant immunoassay. Vilazodone ingestions in young children present a diagnostic challenge in their similarity to amphetamine ingestions and the lack of routine laboratory tests for vilazodone. Further work is needed to understand the metabolic profile for vilazodone in children versus adults.

SUBMITTER: Martinez-Brokaw CD 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6379996 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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