A novel lncRNA MCM3AP-AS1 promotes the growth of hepatocellular carcinoma by targeting miR-194-5p/FOXA1 axis.
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common malignant liver tumor with poor clinical outcomes. Increasing amount of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been revealed to be implicated in the carcinogenesis and progression of HCC. However, the expressions, clinical significances, and roles of most lncRNAs in HCC are still unknown. METHODS:The expression of lncRNA MCM3AP antisense RNA 1 (MCM3AP-AS1) in HCC tissues and cell lines was detected by qRT-PCR and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Immunoblotting, CCK-8, EdU, colony formation and flow cytometry were performed to investigate the role of MCM3AP-AS1 in HCC cell proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis in vitro. A subcutaneous tumor mouse model was constructed to analyze in vivo growth of HCC cells after MCM3AP-AS1 knockdown. The interactions among MCM3AP-AS1, miR-194-5p and FOXA1 were measured by RNA pull-down, RNA immunoprecipitation and luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS:We revealed a novel oncogenic lncRNA MCM3AP-AS1, which is overexpressed in HCC and positively correlated with large tumor size, high tumor grade, advanced tumor stage and poor prognosis of HCC patients. MCM3AP-AS1 knockdown suppressed HCC cell proliferation, colony formation and cell cycle progression, and induced apoptosis in vitro, and depletion of MCM3AP-AS1 inhibited tumor growth of HCC in vivo. Mechanistically, MCM3AP-AS1 directly bound to miR-194-5p and acted as competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA), and subsequently facilitated miR-194-5p's target gene forkhead box A1 (FOXA1) expression in HCC cells. Interestingly, FOXA1 restoration rescued MCM3AP-AS1 knockdown induced proliferation inhibition, G1 arrest and apoptosis of HCC cells. CONCLUSIONS:Our results recognized MCM3AP-AS1 as a novel oncogenic lncRNA, which indicated poor clinical outcomes in patients with HCC. MCM3AP-AS1 exerted an oncogenic role in HCC via targeting miR-194-5p and subsequently promoted FOXA1 expression. Our findings suggested that MCM3AP-AS1 could be a potential prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for HCC.
Project description:Introduction:MCM3AP-AS1 has been characterized as an oncogenic lncRNA in several types of cancer, while its role in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is unknown. This study aimed to investigate the role of MCM3AP-AS1 in NPC. Patients and Methods:Paired NPC tissues and non-tumor tissues were collected from 55 NPC patients. Expression of MCM3AP-AS1 and miR-34a in paired tissues was analyzed by RT-qPCR. Interactions between MCM3AP-AS1 and miR-34a were analyzed by overexpression experiments. The roles of MCM3AP-AS1 and miR-34a in regulating NPC cell proliferation and apoptosis were explored by cell proliferation assay and cell apoptosis assay, respectively. Results:Our bioinformatics analysis showed that MCM3AP-AS1 may be targeted by miR-34a, which is a well-studied tumor suppressor miRNA. In this study, we showed that miR-34a was downregulated and MCM3AP-AS1 was upregulated in NPC. An inverse correlation between the expression of MCM3AP-AS1 and miR-34a was found across NPC tissue samples. High expression level of MCM3AP-AS1 and low levels of miR-34a in NPC tissues predicted the poor survival. In NPC cells, overexpression of MCM3AP-AS1 did not affect the expression of miR34a, while overexpression of miR-34a led to downregulated MCM3AP-AS1. Cell proliferation and apoptosis assay showed that overexpression of miR-34a reduced the enhancing effects of overexpressing MCM3AP-AS1 on cell proliferation and the inhibitory effects on cell apoptosis. Conclusion:MiR-34a inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis in human NPC by targeting MCM3AP-AS1.
Project description:Introduction:This study aimed to investigate the role of lncRNA MCM3AP-AS1 in colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods:Paired tumor and non-tumor tissues were collected from 60 CRC patients. Expression of MCM3AP-AS1 was determined by RT-qPCR. Overexpression of MCM3AP-AS1, miR-545, and CDK4 in CRC cells was achieved to explore the interactions between them. Cell cycle assay was performed to analyze the roles of MCM3AP-AS1, miR-545, and CDK4 in regulating the cell cycle progression of CRC cells. Results:We found that MCM3AP-AS1 was upregulated in CRC and its high expression levels predicted poor survival of CRC patients. MCM3AP-AS1 is predicted to interact with miR-545. In CRC cells, overexpression of MCM3AP-AS1 and miR-545 was achieved, while their overexpression did not affect the expression of each other. Instead, overexpression of MCM3AP-AS1 led to the increased expression levels of CDK4, which is a downstream target of miR-545. Cell cycle analysis showed that overexpression of MCM3AP-AS1 and CDK4 suppressed G1 arrest induced by miR-545. In addition, overexpression of MCM3AP-AS1 reduced the enhancing effects of overexpressing miR-545 on cell cycle progression. Conclusion:MCM3AP-AS1 may upregulate CDK4 by sponging miR-545 to induce G1 arrest in CRC cells.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Accumulating evidence has highlighted the potential role of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in the biological behaviors of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here, we elucidated the function and possible molecular mechanisms of the effect of lncRNA-AGAP2-AS1 on the biological behaviors of HCC. METHODS:EdU, Transwell and flow cytometry were used to determine proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis of HCC cells in vitro. The subcutaneous tumor model and lung metastasis mouse model in nude mice was established to detect tumor growth and metastasis of HCC in vivo. The direct binding of miR-16-5p to 3'UTR of ANXA11 was confirmed by luciferase reporter assay. The expression of AGAP2-AS1 and miR-16-5p in HCC specimens and cell lines were detected by real-time PCR. The correlation among AGAP2-AS1 and miR-16-5p were disclosed by a dual-luciferase reporter assay, RIP assay and biotin pull-down assay. RESULTS:Here, we demonstrated that AGAP2-AS1 expression was up-regulated in HCC tissues and cell lines, especially in metastatic and recurrent cases. Gain- and loss-of-function experiments indicated that AGAP2-AS1 promoted cell proliferation, migration, invasion, EMT progression and inhibited apoptosis of HCC cells in vitro and in vivo. Further studies demonstrated that AGAP2-AS1 could function as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) by sponging miR-16-5p in HCC cells. Functionally, gain- and loss-of-function studies showed that miR-16-5p promoted HCC progression and alteration of miR-16-5p abolished the promotive effects of AGAP2-AS1 on HCC cells. Moreover, ANXA11 was identified as direct downstream targets of miR-16-5p in HCC cells, and mediated the functional effects of miR-16-5p and AGAP2-AS1 in HCC, resulting in AKT signaling activation. Clinically, AGAP2-AS1 and miR-16-5p expression were markedly correlated with adverse clinical features and poor prognosis of HCC patients. We showed that hypoxia was responsible for the overexpression of AGAP2-AS1 in HCC. And the promoting effects of hypoxia on metastasis and EMT of HCC cells were reversed by AGAP2-AS1 knockdown. CONCLUSIONS:Taken together, this research supports the first evidence that AGAP2-AS1 plays an oncogenic role in HCC via AGAP2-AS1/miR-16-5p/ANXA11/AKT axis pathway and represents a promising therapeutic strategy for HCC patients.
Project description:Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common and lethal malignancies worldwide, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a crucial factor affecting HCC progression and metastasis. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been validated to act as critical regulators of biological processes in various tumors. Herein, we attempted to elucidate the uncharacterized function and mechanism of lncRNA DLGAP1-AS1 in regulating tumorigenesis and EMT of HCC. In our study, DLGAP1-AS1 was shown to be upregulated in HCC cell lines and capable to promote HCC progression and EMT. Besides, DLGAP1-AS1 was proven to serve as a molecular sponge to sequester the HCC-inhibitory miRNAs, miR-26a-5p and miR-26b-5p, thus enhancing the level of an oncogenic cytokine IL-6, which could activate JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway and reciprocally elevate the transcriptional activity of DLGAP1-AS1, thus forming a positive feedback loop. Moreover, we elaborated that the cancerogenic effects of DLGAP1-AS1 in HCC cells could be effectuated via activating Wnt/?-catenin pathway by positively regulating CDK8 and LRP6, downstream genes of miR-26a/b-5p. In conclusion, our results demonstrated the detailed molecular mechanism of DLGAP1-AS1 in facilitating HCC progression and EMT in vitro and in vivo, and suggested the potentiality of DLGAP1-AS1 as a therapeutic target for HCC.
Project description:LncRNA PITPNA-AS1 was a newly identified lncRNA which has never been studied in cancers. Whether PITPNA-AS1 participated in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is obscure. Given the coaction of lncRNAs and miRNAs to carcinogenesis, the purpose of the present research is to inquire how PITPNA-AS1 affects HCC progression. Firstly, PITPNA-AS1 was observed to be heightened in HCC tissues. Then function assays proved that overexpressing or silencing PITPNA-AS1 could manipulate the proliferation and motility of HCC cells. Besides, PITPNA-AS1 was located in the cytoplasm. Among the candidate miRNAs of PITPNA-AS1, miR-876-5p was an obvious target. Moreover, mechanism experiments validated that PITPNA-AS1 modulated WNT5A expression by targeting miR-876-5p. Rescue experiments affirmed that WNT5A silencing rescued the miR-876-5p suppression-induced cellular processes in PITPNA-AS1-silenced Hep3B cells. And in vivo experiments determined that PITPNA-AS1 regulated HCC progression in vivo via miR-876-5p/WNT5A pathway. In conclusion, this work shed lights on the modulatory mechanism of PITPNA-AS1/miR-876-5p/WNT5A axis in HCC, which might be pivotal for exploring effective diagnostic biomarkers and treatment strategies for HCC patients.
Project description:In this study, we evaluated the function and regulation of the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) FAM83H-AS1 in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Our data show that the FAM83H-AS1 levels are increased in human TNBC cells and tissues. Proliferation, migration, and invasion of TNBC cells are decreased by FAM83H-AS1 suppression, but increased by FAM83H-AS1 overexpression. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that miR-136-5p is a potential target of FAM83H-AS1. MiR-136-5p expression is decreased in TNBC tissues, and its overexpression suppresses TNBC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. MiR-136-5p suppression reverses the FAM83H-AS1 silencing-mediated inhibition of TNBC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, suggesting that FAM83H-AS1 exerts its oncogenic effect by inhibiting miR-136-5p. Our data identify metadherin (MTDH) as the target gene of miR-136-5p, and demonstrate that the MTDH expression is increased in human TNBC tissues, which induces proliferation, migration, and invasion of TNBC cells. Importantly, our in vivo data show that FAM83H-AS1 also promotes tumor growth in TNBC mouse xenografts. Together, our results demonstrate that FAM83H-AS1 functions as an oncogenic lncRNA that regulates miR-136-5p and MTDH expression during TNBC progression, and suggest that targeting the FAM83H-AS1/miR-136-5p/MTDH axis may serve as a novel therapeutic target in TNBC.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are crucial in the invasion, angiogenesis, progression, and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The lncRNA MYLK-AS1 promotes the growth and invasion of HCC through the EGFR/HER2-ERK1/2 signaling pathway. However, the clinical significance of MYLK-AS1 in HCC still needs to be further determined. METHODS:Bioinformatic analysis was performed to determine the potential relationship among MYLK-AS1, miRNAs and mRNAs. A total of 156 samples of normal liver and paired HCC tissues from HCC patients were used to evaluate MYLK-AS1 expression by qRT-PCR. Human HCC cell lines were used to evaluate the colony formation, cell proliferation, migration, invasion, cell cycle and apoptosis after transfection of lentiviral short-hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) targeting MYLK-AS1 or MYLK-AS1 vectors. The competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) mechanism was clarified using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), Western blotting, qPCR, RNA binding protein immunoprecipitation (RIP), and dual luciferase reporter analysis. RESULTS:MYLK-AS1 up-regulation was detected in the HCC tumor tissues and cell lines associated with the enhancement of the angiogenesis and tumor progression. The down-regulation of MYLK-AS1 reversed the effects on angiogenesis, proliferation, invasion and metastasis in the HCC cells and in vivo. MYLK-AS1 acted as ceRNA, capable of regulating the angiogenesis in HCC, while the microRNA miR-424-5p was the direct target of MYLK-AS1. Promoting the angiogenesis and the tumor proliferation, the complex MYLK-AS1/miR-424-5p activated the VEGFR-2 signaling through E2F7, whereas the specific targeting of E2F transcription factor 7 (E2F7) by miR-424-5p, was indicated by the mechanism studies. CONCLUSIONS:MYLK-AS1 and E2F7 are closely related to some malignant clinicopathological features and prognosis of HCC, thus the MYLK-AS1/ miR-424-5p/E2F7 signaling pathway might represent a promising treatment strategy to combat HCC.
Project description:Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most aggressive and malignant primary tumor. Angiogenesis plays a critical role in the progression of GBM. Previous studies have indicated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are abnormally expressed in various cancers and participate in the regulation of the malignant behaviors of tumors. The present study demonstrated that lncRNA antisense 1 to Micro-chromosome maintenance protein 3-associated protein (MCM3AP-AS1) was upregulated whereas miR-211 was downregulated in glioma-associated endothelial cells (GECs). Knockdown of MCM3AP-AS1 suppressed the cell viability, migration, and tube formation of GECs and played a role in inhibiting angiogenesis of GBM in vitro. Furthermore, knockdown of MCM3AP-AS1 increased the expression of miR-211. Luciferase reporter assay implicated that miR-211 targeted KLF5 3'-UTR and consequently inhibited KLF5 expression. Besides, in this study we found that MCM3AP-AS1 knockdown decreased KLF5 and AGGF1 expression by upregulating miR-211. In addition, KLF5 was associated with the promoter region of AGGF1. Knockdown of KLF5 decreased AGGF1 expression by transcriptional repression, and also inhibited the activation of PI3K/AKT and ERK1/2 signaling pathways. Overall, this study reveals that MCM3AP-AS1/miR-211/KLF5/AGGF1 axis plays a prominent role in the regulation of GBM angiogenesis and also serves as new therapeutic target for the anti-angiogenic therapy of glioma.
Project description:Increasing studies confirmed that abnormal lncRNAs expression play a critical role in cervical cancer (CC) development and progression. LncRNA TPT1-AS1, a novel lncRNA, its role and underlying mechanisms involved in CC remain largely unknown.Colony formation, EdU and Transwell assays were used to determine colony formation, proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro. The subcutaneous tumor model and tail vein injection lung metastasis model were performed to check tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. Luciferase activity and RIP experiment were carried out to determine the interaction between miR-324-5p and TPT1-AS1.We demonstrated for the first time that TPT1-AS1 expression was up-regulated in CC tissues and cell lines. High TPT1-AS1 was significantly correlated with adverse prognostic characteristics and poor survival. TPT1-AS1 overexpression and knockdown experiments revealed that TPT1-AS1 promoted cell colony formation, proliferation, migration, invasion and EMT progression of CC cells in vitro and in vivo. The underlying mechanism indicated that TPT1-AS1 functioned as an endogenous sponge for miR-324-5p in CC cells. Gain- and loss- experiment confirmed that miR-324-5p inhibited cell colony formation, proliferation, migration, invasion and EMT progression of CC cells, and mediated the biological effects of TPT1-AS1. Further investigations confirmed that SP1 was a direct target of miR-324-5p and mediated the effects of TPT1-AS1 and miR-324-5p in CC.We demonstrated for the first time that TPT1-AS1 as an oncogenic lncRNA in CC progression and as a potential target for CC cure.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a malignant disease with a high mortality among primary HCC patients worldwide. Lots of studies have shown that lncRNAs are known as the biomarkers in diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma. Therefore, clarifying the detailed function and mechanism of the lncRNA in the HCC progressing seems particularly important.<h4>Methods</h4>The TCGA and GEO database and RT-qPCR were used to analyse the expression of TRIM52-AS1 in HCC tissues and cell lines. Clinical data were collected to further analyze the correlation between indicators of clinical samples and the expression of TRIM52-AS1. CCK-8, plate clone and transwell assays were employed to evaluate the role of TRIM52-AS1 on cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Then, bioinformatics prediction, luciferase reporter, RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP), and RT-qPCR were employed to analyze the direct interaction among TRIM52-AS1, miR-218-5p and ROBO1. Additionally, the rescue function assays were used to verify that miR-218-5p/ROBO1 was the function downstream of TRIM52-AS1.<h4>Results</h4>TRIM52-AS1 was overexpressed in HCC according to the TCGA database and RT-qPCR assay. The expression of TRIM52-AS1 was higher in the metastatic foci compared with primary tumor according to the GEO database. Additionally, TRIM52-AS1 knockdown inhibited the proliferation and metastasis of HCC cells. TRIM52-AS1 could act as competitive endogenous RNA to regulate ROBO1 through miR-218-5p, then promoted the HCC cell progression.<h4>Conclusion</h4>TRIM52-AS1 is overexpressed in HCC and can promote the proliferation and metastasis of HCC cells through miR-218-5p/ROBO1 axis, then drives the HCC cell progression.