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AKT/mTORC2 Inhibition Activates FOXO1 Function in CLL Cells Reducing B-Cell Receptor-Mediated Survival.


ABSTRACT: PURPOSE:To determine whether inhibition of mTOR kinase-mediated signaling represents a valid therapeutic approach for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:Stratification of mTOR activity was carried out in patients with primary CLL samples and an aggressive CLL-like mouse model. The potency of dual mTOR inhibitor AZD8055 to induce apoptosis in primary CLL cells was assessed in the presence/absence of B-cell receptor (BCR) ligation. Furthermore, we addressed the molecular and functional impact of dual mTOR inhibition in combination with BTK inhibitor ibrutinib. RESULTS:Differential regulation of basal mTORC1 activity was observed in poor prognostic CLL samples, with elevated p4EBP1T37/46 and decreased p70S6 kinase activity, suggesting that dual mTORC1/2 inhibitors may exhibit improved response in poor prognostic CLL compared with rapalogs. AZD8055 treatment of primary CLL cells significantly reduced CLL survival in vitro compared with rapamycin, preferentially targeting poor prognostic subsets and overcoming BCR-mediated survival advantages. Furthermore, AZD8055, and clinical analog AZD2014, significantly reduced CLL tumor load in mice. AKT substrate FOXO1, while overexpressed in CLL cells of poor prognostic patients in LN biopsies, peripheral CLL cells, and mouse-derived CLL-like cells, appeared to be inactive. AZD8055 treatment partially reversed FOXO1 inactivation downstream of BCR crosslinking, significantly inhibiting FOXO1T24 phosphorylation in an mTORC2-AKT-dependent manner, to promote FOXO1 nuclear localization, activity, and FOXO1-mediated gene regulation. FOXO1 activity was further significantly enhanced on combining AZD8055 with ibrutinib. CONCLUSIONS:Our studies demonstrate that dual mTOR inhibitors show promise as future CLL therapies, particularly in combination with ibrutinib.

SUBMITTER: Cosimo E 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6398589 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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