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Lipolysis-Permeation Setup for Simultaneous Study of Digestion and Absorption in Vitro.

ABSTRACT: Lipid-based formulations (LBFs) are a delivery strategy to enhance intestinal absorption of poorly water-soluble drugs. LBF performance is typically evaluated by in vitro lipolysis studies, but these do not accurately predict the in vivo performance. One possible reason is the absence of an absorptive membrane driving sink conditions in the serosal compartment. To explore the impact of absorption under sink conditions on the performance evaluation, we developed a lipolysis-permeation setup that allows simultaneous investigation of intestinal digestion of an LBF and drug absorption. The setup consists of two chambers, an upper one for digestion (luminal), and a lower, receiving one (serosal), separated by a Caco-2 monolayer. Digestions were performed with immobilized lipase, instead of the pancreatic extract typically used during lipolysis, since the latter has proven incompatible with Caco-2 cells. Danazol-loaded LBFs were used to develop the setup, and fenofibrate-loaded LBFs were used to establish an in vitro in vivo correlation. As in regular lipolysis studies, our setup allows for the evaluation of (i) the extent of digestion and (ii) drug distribution in different phases present during lipolysis of drug-loaded LBFs (i.e., oil, aqueous, and solid phase). In addition, our setup can determine drug permeation across Caco-2 monolayers and hence, the absorptive flux of the compound. The presence of the absorptive monolayer and sink conditions tended to reduce aqueous drug concentrations and supersaturation in the digestion chamber. The drug transfer across the Caco-2 membrane accurately reflected in vivo drug exposure upon administration of three different LBFs loaded with fenofibrate, where the traditional lipolysis setup failed to predict in vivo performance. As the new setup reflects the dynamic processes occurring in the gastrointestinal tract, it is a valuable tool that can be used in the development of LBFs prior to in vivo studies.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6437649 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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