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Biological Amnion Prevents Flexor Tendon Adhesion in Zone II: A Controlled, Multicentre Clinical Trial.


ABSTRACT:

Introduction

Tendon adhesion to surrounding tissues is the most common complication reported after tendon repair. To date, effective solutions to prevent tendon injury are still lacking.

Materials and methods

A total of 89 patients with flexor tendon injury in zone II were recruited. The patients were divided into a control group, a poly-DL-lactic acid (PDLLA) group, and an amnion group according to the different tendon treatments applied. The control group was not subjected to other treatments. PDLLA and bioamniotic membranes were, respectively, used to wrap broken ends in the PDLLA and amnion membrane groups. The patients were followed at 1, 2, 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery and the ranges of active flexion and extension lag in the proximal and distal interphalangeal joints were evaluated.

Results

The means of total active ranges of motion of the interphalangeal joints (excluding rupture cases) in the PDLLA and amnion groups did not significantly differ between each other but significantly differed from that of the control group. Statistical analysis showed a significant difference in the clinical grades of the outcomes among the control, PDLLA, and amnion groups. The incidence of complications in the control and PDLLA groups was found to be significantly higher than that in the amniotic membrane group; no significant difference was observed between the control and PDLLA groups.

Conclusion

In this study, freeze-dried amniotic membrane transplantation was applied to promote healing of the flexor tendon in zone II and prevent adhesion. This technique presents a new method to solve the issue of tendon adhesion after repair.

Clinical trial registration

The trial was registered by identifier ChiCTR1900021769.

SUBMITTER: Liu C 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6470416 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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