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Nuclear estrogen receptor activation by insulin-like growth factor-1 in Neuro-2A neuroblastoma cells requires endogenous estrogen synthesis and is mediated by mutually repressive MAPK and PI3K cascades.

ABSTRACT: Non-canonical mechanisms of estrogen receptor activation may continue to support women's cognitive health long after cessation of ovarian function. These mechanisms of estrogen receptor activation may include ligand-dependent actions via locally synthesized neuroestrogens and ligand-independent actions via growth factor-dependent activation of intracellular kinase cascades. We tested the hypothesis that ligand-dependent and ligand-independent mechanisms interact to activate nuclear estrogen receptors in the Neuro-2A neuroblastoma cell line in the absence of exogenous estrogens. Transcriptional output of estrogen receptors was measured following treatment with insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in the presence of specific inhibitors for mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), phosphoinositde-3 kinase (PI3K), and neuroestrogen synthesis. Results indicate that IGF-1-dependent activation of nuclear estrogen receptors is mediated by MAPK, is opposed PI3K, and requires concomitant endogenous neuroestrogen synthesis. We conclude that both cellular signaling context and endogenous ligand availability are important modulators of ligand-independent nuclear estrogen receptor activation.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6520186 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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